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Asteroid, Meteor, and Comet Collisions with Earth. Asteroid, Meteor, and Comet Collisions with Earth. Need essay sample on Asteroid, Meteor, and biology plan, Comet Collisions with Earth ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. Has Changed Over The Years? Problem and its Background. More than a hundred asteroids of kilometer size, which cross the biology a2 coursework plan, Earths orbit are catalogued, and this represents perhaps 5% of the total of these fragments.

There is thus a certain risk of is changing, a collision of an object a few kilometers in size with our planet This could provoke a climatic upheaval and extinctions of species, as in the past Even a hundred meter fragment could do great damage, and biology plan, objects of this size are certainty much more numerous still than those of kilometer size (Zanda 2001 75). Collisions play a capital role in the Solar System. Moon origin, tilt of Uranus poleaxe, planet ring formation, craterization, and the actual figure of the asteroid population are due to for sale collisions. Unfortunately, models of collisions lay on biology plan laboratory experiments in which the involved targets and projectiles are small objects. It is over the years, then difficult to apply scale laws to predict mass, velocity or spin distributions of fragments resulting from a collision between astronomical bodies, Parameters such as the gravitational attraction between the different fragments are not taken into account in laboratory experiment due to the small size of the bodies. During the last decades, the important role played by a2 coursework, the occurrence of how technology is changing essay, catastrophic collisions between the planetary bodies of our solar system has been progressively evidenced (Benest and biology plan, Froeschle 1998 3). Scope and Limitations. Wallpaper Africa? Meteor, comets and plan, asteroids are some of the major ground bases of astronomical phenomena and developments of technological field; hence, focused study of such condition is over, essential.

The case study involves the subjects of collisions with the heavenly bodies linked with the condition of determining the trends of probable disaster events implicated by such astronomical changes. The study shall determine the possible implications of a2 coursework, meteors, asteroids, and comet collision in the body of is changing the world, astronomy. The following shall be utilized in the overall study. To be able to determine and biology plan, elaborate the aspects concerned and their contributions to the phenomena of collision between Earth and the heavenly body concerned. To be able to relate the possible trends of astronomy brought by the phenomenon of heavenly bodies’ collision to the Earth surface as impregnated to various astronomical incidents.

To be able to compare and link the significance, similarities and differences present in the two forms and trends of astronomical phenomena. Purpose of the Study. The value significance of this study provides awareness to the public especially in terms of what can these contributing factors impregnate to the conditions of meteor, comet, and asteroid collisions towards the Earth’s surface. Moreover, the study compares the significant relationships involved in the situation of technology and astronomical intervention, which employs various new trends of astronomical management as derived from different incidents. The study utilizes the astronomical subject of Earth colliding with various heavenly bodies, such as meteors, asteroids and essay role of women, comets.

The study involves the previous history and events of such collisions dated from 1800s and the latest 2002. Furthermore, the study utilizes this subject in order to implicate significance in the trends of astronomical technology to plan further enhance aspects of prevention for such cases that may occur. The following are the homelessness effect, sections discussed throughout the biology a2 coursework plan, study and the world essay, the implications posed: This section of the biology, study provides an introductory background of the in south africa, entire course research. As for the section, it describes the problem discussed and plan, the background of the study itself. Furthermore, it utilizes scopes and limitations in order to specify the how technology is changing, actual scope of the entire research study. B. Brief Background and History. The section of the study describes the incidents of collisions from the very past time of biology plan, Stone Age up to the present. Moreover, it illustrates the conditions brought by such phenomena, which somehow caused environmental threats. C. Evolution of essay homelessness, Knowledge.

The section of the study determines the effects of such incidents in the development and enhancements of astronomical measures for the prevention of future possible occurrences of collision. The section involves the latest updates and previous theoretical and biology plan, conceptual changes that have been utilized by astronomers in order to enhance the role of women in developing, knowledge in regards to such phenomenon. Plan? Brief Background and History. Meteors are small fragments of matter that approach the Earth as it moves in space. Usually we see meteors as bright streaks in the sky, sometimes called shooting stars,” which occur when they burn up due to friction with the atmosphere. Occasionally, large meteors are not completely burned up in the atmosphere and survive to strike the Earth. These are called meteorites, which usually fall into book essay, one of three categories: stony meteorites with composition similar to ordinary rock; stony iron meteorites which are a matrix of stone and iron; and biology plan, iron meteorites, consisting largely of on christmas, iron with some nickel alloyed with it (Dubeck, Moshier and Boss 2004 43).

Meteors very rarely impact the earth since most are vaporized fifty to seventy-five miles up. Biology A2 Coursework Plan? However, the larger source particles of very bright sporadic meteors that survive their encounter with the how technology is changing the world essay, atmosphere and biology a2 coursework, impact the earth are called meteorites. Material in space not associated with a comet prior to entering the earth’s atmosphere is referred to as a meteoroid. Meteoroids can be made up of various types of review, objects often material left over biology from the is changing the world essay, formation of the solar system. Biology A2 Coursework? Other types of bodies that can strike the earth include comets and asteroids. Asteroids (the word means “starlike”) are usually about a kilometer across. They are larger masses of rock and essay cause effect, metal that predominately orbit the a2 coursework plan, sun between the orbits of Mars and is changing the world, Jupiter, but a few are in orbits that cross the inner planets (Reynold 2001 8). The stony meteorites often contain organic compounds such as hydrocarbons and amino acids.

These biologically important compounds evidently formed in the hot gaseous cloud (called a gaseous nebula) from which the a2 coursework, solar system is believed to on the have formed. It is believed that meteorites (and their larger “cousins,” asteroids) are leftover “building materials” from which the inner solar system was fabricated five billion years ago (Dubeck, Moshier and Boss 2004 43). After the biology a2 coursework, initial discovery of multiple asteroids in the space between Mars and Jupiter, it was theorized that a single planet once orbited there. According to the theory, the planet broke up, most likely due to the gravitational pull of its gigantic neighbor, Jupiter. Today’s astronomers believe that the has changed the years, asteroid belt is simply made up of material left over from the formation of the solar system. Astronomers also theorize that there were initially about seventy smaller bodies that broke into biology a2 coursework, the thousands and thousands of asteroids that now form the belt. Any planetary system is on the of women in developing society, rife with cosmic debris: asteroids and comets, the residue left over from planetary formation. A2 Coursework? Great quantities of this material will eventually strike all members of a planetary system, and the energy released can spell planetary disaster. Such disasters are now known to have caused mass extinctions on Earth. In 1980, Luis and Walter Alvarez, Frank Asaro, and effect, Helen Michel from the University of California at Berkeley proposed that one of the greatest of all mass extinctions, the biology plan, 65-million- year-old event that killed off the dinosaurs and many other species living near the end of the Mesozoic Era, was caused by the impact of a large meteor or comet striking Earth. As evidence for this view mounted, most scientists realized that collision with a meteor or comet could cause a biotic crisis on any planet and essay cause, that it has done so at least once (and probably other times as well) during Earth’s past (Ward and Brownlee 2004 164).

The first asteroid discovered was Ceres, observed in 1801 by biology a2 coursework plan, the Sicilian monk Giuseppe Piazzi, who believed it to be a planet orbiting between Mars and Jupiter. Astronomers had long theorized that a planet should be found at that distance because of a theory known as Bode’s law However, Ceres was small compared to the other planets (a little over five hundred miles in diameter). Eighteen years later another object was discovered in wallpaper for sale, approximately the same orbit as Ceres. A number of additional objects were discovered in the following years, but none are larger than Ceres and only three of the asteroids are more than 250 miles in diameter (Reynold 2001 8). Earth has had more recent collisions with large meteorites and/or comets. On June 30, 1908, a tremendous explosion occurred in a forested region near the Tunguska River in Siberia. The sight of a great ball of a2 coursework plan, flame leaping from the forest was followed by an explosion powerful enough to level trees in an area of about 800 square miles. One estimate of the force of the over, explosion was that it was equivalent to 10—20 megatons of biology plan, TNT exploding.

No impact crater was located and thus the essay on the, most probable cause of the explosion was a collision with a comet, which does not have a solid rock core (Dubeck, Moshier and biology a2 coursework plan, Boss 2004 44). One of the by-products of a large meteor collision with the earth is the formation of line diamond crystals due to the explosion. The presence of hoe diamond crystals in a layer 65 million years old helped to formulate the theory that a large meteor impact was responsible for the extinction of the dinosaurs. One of die distinctive aspects of How nursing has changed the years, diamond created by explosion is biology, that cubic as well as hexagonal (lonsdaleite) crystals are formed. An explosion is capable of creating millions of is changing, atmospheres of pressure in microseconds (Lee 2006 668). Scientists have speculated that the dinosaurs may have become extinct because of a collision with an asteroid or comet. Biology? Many variables affect the degree of lethality resulting from a collision, such as the meteors size, composition, angle of is changing essay, impact, and velocity and the nature of the impact target area. In the case of the biology plan, Cretaceous event (also known as the KIT impact), for instance, the target rock was rich in sulfur, which exacerbated the impacts environmental effects. (The sulfur reacted with air and water to essay homelessness produce a highly toxic acid rain that lasted many months after the impact event itself.) Moreover, not only the geology of the impact site, but also its geography, may play an important part. Plan? An impact in (Ward and wallpaper in south africa, Brownlee 2004 165) a low-latitude site will have entirely different consequences from a similar body hitting a high-latitude site at a similar angle and speed, because the distribution of lethality across the globe may be produced by atmospheric circulation patterns. An impact in a highly diverse world of ecological specialists—anima1s and plants with little tolerance for biology plan environmental change—might produce more extinction than the same event in a low-diversity world and an impact in the greenhouse world might have lowered the cause, greenhouse content as of today (Ward and Brownlee 2004 166). A comet or an asteroid has no problem penetrating the biology a2 coursework, Earth atmosphere.

However, the reflective essay, collision of a comet or an asteroid with the Earth could have devastating consequences for the environment and human civilization. Although events of this kind are extremely rare, they cannot be completely excluded as was shown by the collision between a comet and the planet Jupiter in biology a2 coursework, 1994. As a consequence, Russian scientists suggested using the International Space Station as an outpost to search for objects in space that have a potential collision course with the Earth. Such a “warning system” would probably provide enough lead Lime to take suitable measures to has changed protect the Earth from a global natural disaster. A large number of asteroids exist in our solar system. Some of them pass relatively close to Earth. However, the biology plan, orbits of most of them lie between those of Mars and Jupiter. On Christmas? There are at least 100,000 asteroids that are a half-mile or more in diameter.

The largest, Ceres, is over 600 miles in diameter. Biology? The asteroids that are of most concern to us are those whose orbits arc close to that of Earth. Near Earth Asteroids (NEAs) are asteroids whose orbits bring them within 121 million miles of the Sun. It is believed that NEAs are fragments jarred from the main asteroid belt by either asteroid collision or by cause, the gravitational force (Dubeck, Moshier and Boss 2004 44). We have crater evidence that at least 200 large meteors have struck Earth. Biology A2 Coursework? It is estimated that at least one large collision occurs each 10,000 years.

For example, near Winslow, Arizona, the Baringer meteorite crater is homelessness cause effect, located. It is nearly 500 ft deep and 4,000 ft wide, it was created by a meteorite weighing at least 30,000 tons, which struck Earth about 24,000 years ago. The collision must have devastated all plant and animal life in a large region around the crater (Dubeck, Moshier and biology a2 coursework, Boss 2004 44). In April 2002, scientists announced that a 1.3-km-diameter asteroid, 1950DA, had a 1 in 300 chance of impacting the Earth. Its orbit was predicted using radar to measure its position and velocity more accurately than could be achieved by optical telescopes. Although, 1 in 300 odds may seem small, one expert said that it was the highest odds ever assigned by scientists to an object in space. The projected impact location is the North Atlantic off the US coast, similar to the collision depicted in Deep Impact. Reflective Essay? The good news is biology a2 coursework plan, that the How nursing the years, impact, if it occurs, will not happen until March 16, 2880. Thus, we have more than sufficient time to stop it (Dubeck, Moshier and Boss 2004 44).

Evolution of Knowledge. One theory suggests that every 26 million years or so a rain of comets that lasts for hundreds or thousands of centuries bombards the Earth. The impact of some of the biology a2 coursework plan, larger asteroids or comets spews enough dust into the atmosphere so that it blocks the Sun’s rays from reaching the Earth for months or years and most of the plant and animal species on Earth perish. According to this theory the last extinction occurred about 11 million years ago so that the next calamity should not occur for another 15 million years. Scientists are searching the skies for evidence of a possible “dark star,” which they have named “Nemesis.” They suggest that Nemesis may circle our solar system every 26 million years. When it approaches our solar system, Nemesis passes through the region of space beyond the orbit of Pluto, which contains vast numbers of comets. Its passage would disrupt the comets’ orbits and send a shower of them toward the Sun. Some of these comets would then collide with the Earth (Dubeck, Moshier and Boss 2004 44). Essay On Christmas? A collision or close encounter between Earth and the comet is biology plan, avoided because the comet is book review, not as the crossing point when the Earth is there. Biology A2 Coursework? Some suspected sources of known meteoroid streams are the Comets C/1861 GI, 1P/Halley, 109P/Swift-Tuttle, 21/PGiacobini-Zinner, 2P/Encke, 55P/Tempel-Tuttle, 3D/Biela, and 8P/Tuttle (Denecke and Carr 2006 174). Some investigators thought that a general synthetic model linking most or all mass extinctions to impact would emerge.

This was the thinking behind the “Nemesis” hypothesis of astronomer Rich Muller from Berkeley, and it underlies the work of David Raup and Jack Sepkoski of the University of Chicago, who hypothesized in 1984 that mass extinctions show a 26-million- year periodicity (. Since then, elevated levels of iridium (the platinum-group element used by the Alvarez team as a sign of impact) have been found from 11 different time intervals in the geological record. Yet most of these are at such low concentration that they are nor indicative of larger impacts. The evidence date suggests that only the on the society, major mass extinction at the end of the Triassic and a2 coursework, that at the end of the Cretaceous Period were brought about by the effects of impact (Ward and Brownlee 2004 166). Astronomers have classified asteroids based on their orbits. One group, the Apollo objects, are asteroids that have earth- crossing orbits. The gravitational pull of Jupiter affects the orbits of these asteroids, making them quite dangerous as their orbits shift. Close-up exploration of asteroids had to for sale africa wait until recently. On its way to the planet Jupiter, the spacecraft Galileo made two all-important flybys of the asteroids Ida and Gaspra. Images sent back by Galileo revealed irregular-shaped bodies that had been battered by impacts. A2 Coursework? In 1996, the United States launched a spacecraft specifically to orbit and study an asteroid. The Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous, or NEAR, arrived at the asteroid Eros in February 2000.

Data from essay, NEAR indicates that Eros, a twenty-one-mile-long asteroid, is an irregular-shaped solid body, showing many impact features and n moons or debris surrounding the asteroid. Eros, apparently a very old asteroid, passes close to, but never crosses the earth’s orbit were once members of the main asteroid belt but was ejected by biology a2 coursework, Jupiter. Book Review Essay? There is also a possibility that some NEAs are dead comets. NEAs are considered dangerous to the earth if they pass within three million miles. (Reynold 2001 10). The presence of numerous impact craters on every stony planet or moon of the solar system is stark evidence of the frequency of these events, at least early in the history of our solar system. It is probable that impact is a hazard in most, or perhaps all, other stellar systems as well.

Impacts are probably the most frequent and important of biology, all planetary catastrophes. Book Review Essay? They could completely reset the course of the biological history of biology plan, a planet by removing previously dominant groups of organisms, thus opening the way for entirely new groups or for the rise to dominance of reflective essay on christmas, previously minor groups (Dubeck, Moshier and Boss 2004 46). The larger the asteroid or comet, the less likely that an impact will occur but the more damaging the impact would be. One study suggested that impactors with a diameter of less than 10 m would likely not cause any damage because most of them will burn up or break up in the upper atmosphere. For impactors with a diameter of 75 m, iron asteroids will make craters like Meteor Crater; stony asteroids will produce airbursts such as that at Tunguska and a land impact would destroy a city because the energy released would be in the range of 10—100 megatons of TNT. A 350-rn-diameter impactor would destroy an area the size of a small state.

If it struck an ocean, it would produce a mild tsunami. It would release energy in the range of 1,000—10,000 megatons of TNT. An impactor 1,700 m in diameter (about I mile) would destroy an area the size of France and raise dust with global consequences. Its impact energy would be 100,000—1,000,000 megatons. The frequency of such an impactor hitting is about once every million years. The death total could be 1.5 billion people! Even larger impactors could wipe out all human life on Earth (Dubeck, Moshier and biology a2 coursework, Boss 2004 46). The most likely location for an impactor is in the oceans, which cover most of the Earth’s surface.

For example, an impact of a stony asteroid more than 400 m in essay on the of women society, diameter anywhere in the Atlantic Ocean could devastate coasts on both sides of the Atlantic with tsunamis that would reach 60 m at the shores. An asteroid with energy of 40 million Hiroshima-style bombs hitting in the center of the Atlantic would produce a gigantic tsunami at the shore that might reach a height of 100 m. Thus, the plan, risk to a low-lying coastal area from a tsunami generated by asteroids is significantly greater than the risk from a direct impact by such objects. However, an wallpaper for sale, ocean hit would result in less dust being thrown into biology a2 coursework plan, the air than a land hit. The overall risk that an object of diameter 100 m (the approximate size of the Tunguska impactor) or so will strike the Earth is that such an impact will occur once each century. One researcher estimated that the odds that an “extinction-level” object 2—5 km in diameter will strike the Earth this century is about I in 1000 to 1 in 10,000 (Dubeck, Moshier and book, Boss 2004 46).

In order to deflect an object on a collision with the Earth, we must first find it. At present, several organizations are searching the skies for NEOs. Deflection technologies also need to be developed. Biology A2 Coursework Plan? They will likely need to include nuclear devices, which raise security issues. In addition to using nuclear weapons, other ideas include attaching rockets to reflective on christmas the NEO’s surface, which fire for a sufficient period of time to change its orbit away from a collision with the Earth.

Also, one could place a mass driver on the NEO’s surface to accelerate part of the NEO into space, while the reaction would move the NEC) into plan, a different orbit. Finally, one could attach thin solar sails several kilometers in size to wallpaper the surface of the NEO and let the solar wind change its orbit (Dubeck, Moshier and plan, Boss 2004 46). Scientists invented the Torino Scale to categorize the Earth’s impact hazard associated with newly discovered asteroids and comets. It is essay homelessness cause, intended to biology a2 coursework plan serve as a communication tool for astronomers and the public to assess the seriousness of How nursing the years, predictions of possible impacts by asteroids and comets. An object is biology plan, assigned a value of 0 to is changing the world 10 based on its collision probability and a2 coursework, its kinetic energy. The value “0” means either that the homelessness, object has little chance of striking the Earth or that it is plan, so small that it would not do damage if it did hit the role of women society, Earth. The value “3” is a dose encounter with a 1% chance or greater of a collision that would do localized destruction. The value “7” is a close encounter with an biology plan, extremely significant threat of a collision capable of role society, causing a global catastrophe. Lastly, the value “10” is a certain collision capable of causing a global climactic catastrophe. The crash of Comet Shoemaker—Levy into biology a2 coursework plan, Jupiter demonstrated the for sale, destructiveness of an impacting comet.

The comet had broken up into more than 20 fragments, which impacted separately. One of the impacts affected an area as large as the entire Earth! There is little doubt that had the Shoemaker—Levy fragments struck the Earth, the human race would have been annihilated (Dubeck, Moshier and Boss 2004 47). The phenomenon involving the collision of asteroids, meteors and comets have greatly initiated even before the Mesozoic era of the dinosaurs, which is one of the proposed theory for their extinctions. Apparently, the collision caused severe environmental changes, and climatic damage that greatly endangered the ecological balance present. The significance of studying such subject in astronomy is the fact that technology can predict the a2 coursework plan, probable trends, projections, and damages that may have resulted in such collision. Moreover, determining such angle of causation provides possible cautionary measures for possible disastrous implications that might be brought by the incident. Such knowledge have greatly inculcated vast structural modifications in the technological aspect of astronomy, and provided enhancements in astronomy. Benest, Daniel, and Claud Froeschle. Impacts on wallpaper for sale Earth.

Springer, 1998. Denecke, E J., and W H. Carr. Let#8217;s Review: Earth Science. Barron#8217;s Educational Press, 2006. A2 Coursework? Dubeck, L W., S E. Moshier, and J E. Boss. Fantastic Voyages: Learning Science Through Science Fiction Film. Springer, 2004.

Lee, S. Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing. Homelessness? CRC Press, 2006. Reynolds, M D. Falling Stars: A Guide to Meteors and Meteorites. Stackpole Books, 2001. A2 Coursework? Ward, Peter, and Donald Brownlee. Rare Earth: Why Complex Life Is Uncommon in the Universe.

Springer, 2003. Zanda, B. Reflective Essay On Christmas? Meteorites: Their Impact on a2 coursework plan Science and History. Cambridge University Press, 2001. Zichichi, Antonio, and Richard C. Ragaini. International Seminar on Nuclear War and Planetary Emergencies: 25th Sessions.

World Scientific, 2001.

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Le Ragotin de Scarron ou la vitalite du comique de repetition. Volume 38 , Numero 2–3 , hiver, 2007 , p. A2 Coursework Plan! 115–126 Le comique de repetition. Tous droits reserves © Universite Laval, 2007. Salons. How Nursing Over The Years! Un eclairage sur la societe par les revues savantes. Le parti pris burlesque du Roman comique est signale par le personnage de Ragotin qui reunit tous les types du comique de repetition decrits par Henri Bergson : le diable a ressort, le pantin, l’effet boule de neige. Biology A2 Coursework! Cet anti-heros se situe au coeur des enjeux esthetiques et ethiques de l’oeuvre. For Sale In South! Sa mecanisation permet a Scarron de denoncer tous les comportements rigides, l’absence de distance critique et d’humour.

La parodie devient aussi une facon de contester le raidissement du genre romanesque et de traduire une aspiration a la liberte. Biology! Paradoxalement, ce personnage repetitif revelerait la vitalite d’une oeuvre experimentale. Ragotin, the reflective on christmas burlesque character of biology Scarron’s Roman comique , combines the how technology the world usual processes of plan comic repetition that Henri Bergson describes in essay, his essay on biology, laughter: Jack-in-the-Box, the reflective essay on christmas puppet on biology plan, a string, the reflective on christmas snowball effect. Biology A2 Coursework! This anti-hero is at is changing, the heart of biology Scarron’s aesthetic and homelessness effect, ethical reflection. Biology Plan! His stiffness enables the essay homelessness cause author to biology a2 coursework plan criticize all rigid attitudes, and essay cause, the lack of biology a2 coursework plan critical distance and book, humour.

Parody is biology plan, also a way to homelessness cause contend with traditional literary forms and to a2 coursework plan claim more freedom. Essay Role Of Women! Paradoxically, this mechanical character reveals the a2 coursework vitality of essay Scarron’s experimental novel. Selon la definition bien connue de Charles Perrault, le burlesque, qui est une espece de ridicule, consiste dans la disconvenance de l’idee qu’on donne d’une chose d’avec son idee veritable […] Cette disconvenance se fait de deux manieres, l’une en parlant bassement des choses les plus relevees, et l’autre en parlant magnifiquement des choses les plus basses [1]. Cette ecriture parodique implique ainsi la reprise, sur un mode tantot degrade, tantot grandiloquent, d’un topos heroique ou d’un motif « realiste ». Biology A2 Coursework! Et cette discordance est rendue sensible par un effet d’intertextualite plus ou moins explicite, par une amplification systematique des procedes parodies. Essay On The Role In Developing! Le rire que provoque le burlesque est donc etroitement lie a la problematique de la repetition. Biology! S’il est le fruit d’une variation en ce qu’il nait de la rencontre de deux registres, il est aussi le produit d’un contrepoint jouant de l’imitation et de la difference. Essay Homelessness! En intitulant son ouvrage Le roman comique , Scarron rapproche ainsi deux genres distincts tout en se reclamant d’une tradition litteraire qui lui permet de proposer un discours a la fois critique et ludique. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! On ne s’attardera pas sur les phenomenes d’intertextualite, deja bien etudies, mais on role of women in developing, s’interessera a l’usage recurrent du comique de repetition qui sert l’esthetique burlesque du roman et qui est essentiellement represente par le personnage de Ragotin. Biology! Si les gesticulations clownesques du Manceau ont indeniablement une portee morale, le rire fustigeant les pretentions heroiques du petit avocat, ses echecs systematiques signalent peut-etre aussi une gageure, un « exploit a rebours [2] » qui participerait d’une subversion generale des regles. Essay! Le comique de repetition contribuerait alors au brouillage des frontieres generiques annonce par le titre et a la reflexion que mene l’auteur sur les possibilites de l’ecriture romanesque.

La premiere apparition de Ragotin prend une valeur programmatique. Biology Plan! Elle revele en effet que le personnage est immediatement marque par cette rigidite propre a nourrir le melange risible du vivant et du mecanique telle qu’a pu l’analyser Henri Bergson. On The Society! Des le chapitre 8 de la premiere partie, le soupirant de M lle de l’Etoile est place sous le signe de la reduction : Il y avait entre autres un petit homme veuf, avocat de profession, qui avait une petite charge dans une petite juridiction voisine […] C’etait le plus grand petit fou qui ait couru les champs depuis Roland. Biology! Il avait etudie toute sa vie ; et, quoique l’etude aille a la connaissance de la verite, il etait menteur comme un valet, presomptueux et opiniatre comme un pedant et assez mauvais poete pour etre etouffe s’il y avait de la police dans le royaume [3]. La repetition de l’adjectif « petit », puis l’enumeration de termes et de cliches dysphoriques signalent d’emblee sa vocation au rabaissement et le rapprochent du raidissement qui caracterise le type theatral. Essay! C’est signifier que Ragotin incarnera ce fantoche reductible a un pli caricatural, a un enchainement de gags, de « disgraces » qui vont rythmer l’intrigue tout en temoignant de la rencontre de la farce et du roman, du theatre et de la vie, c’est-a-dire du renouvellement du genre romanesque. A2 Coursework Plan! Dans ce meme chapitre, Ragotin est ainsi qualifie de « godenot [4] », qui se dit selon Furetiere « par derision des personnes laides et malfaites ». Wallpaper For Sale In South! La laideur du petit avocat, signalee a maintes occasions tout au long de l’intrigue, contribue en effet a le ramener a un corps ridicule, grimacant, qui le cantonne a la caricature tout en appelant les brimades. Biology Plan! Mais « godenot » designe egalement une « petite figure ou marionnette dont se servent les Charlatans pour amuser le peuple ». Wallpaper For Sale! Rattache a l’univers du cirque et aux tours de passe-passe, le personnage va devenir le clown de la troupe, le pantin de Scarron qui l’utilisera pour divertir son lecteur et pour demystifier certains codes litteraires. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! Ragotin, qui aspire a rejoindre la troupe des comediens, se presente en effet comme un dramaturge amateur, comme l’auteur d’une epopee carolingienne [5] adaptant la Chanson de Roland , et confirme ainsi sa fonction burlesque. Cette premiere occurrence determine donc le personnage a cette « raideur de mecanique [6] » qui provoque le rire et qui se decline dans divers domaines.

Ragotin est tout d’abord designe comme le destinataire privilegie des mauvaises plaisanteries de son entourage et comme un personnage dont le vouloir demesure entre en contradiction avec un pouvoir limite. Is Changing The World Essay! Ses mesaventures, qui reprennent systematiquement le meme schema, fondent bien la dynamique narrative sur un comique de repetition mais celui-ci ne fait qu’amplifier un ridicule d’emblee mis en place. A2 Coursework Plan! Ragotin figure en outre l’ecrivain rate, le plagiaire, celui qui imite les ouvrages des autres sans parvenir a cette emulation, a cette innutrition permettant de depasser les modeles et de proposer une creation originale. Effect! Le personnage se situe ainsi au croisement d’enjeux satiriques et esthetiques. Biology Plan! La question qui se pose alors est de savoir comment Scarron parvient a mener une reflexion litteraire feconde a partir d’un personnage a ce point fige et redondant. Ragotin se trouve en effet illustrer toutes les situations du comique de repetition recensees par Bergson.

Dans l’episode du livre vole, il evoque le « diable a ressort » qui se tend et se detend pour attraper l’ouvrage derobe : […] malgre Ragotin, il le mit entre les mains d’un autre que Ragotin saisit aussi vainement que le premier. Wallpaper For Sale In South! Le livre ayant deja convole en troisieme main, il passa de la meme facon en cinq ou six mains differentes, auxquelles Ragotin ne put atteindre parce qu’il etait le plus petit de la compagnie. A2 Coursework Plan! Enfin, s’etant allonge cinq ou six fois inutilement, ayant dechire autant de manchettes et egratigne autant de mains, et le livre se promenant toujours dans la moyenne region de la chambre, le pauvre Ragotin, qui vit que tout le monde s’eclatait de rire a ses depens, se jeta tout furieux sur le premier auteur de sa confusion [7]. Les vains efforts du personnage, mis en valeur par la repetition de la meme scene et des memes termes, nous donnent bien a voir « une force qui s’obstine et un autre entetement qui la combat [8] ». Over The Years! Il en va de meme dans le chapitre 7 de la seconde partie ou, a peine sorti du coffre et remis sur ses pieds, il cherche a « s’elancer comme un serpent contre sa redoutable ennemie [9] ». Biology! Le schema actantiel permet de mettre en valeur la reprise systematique des memes parametres et le caractere echangeable des divers adversaires de Ragotin qui sont tous qualifies par le meme grandissement epique [10] pour rabaisser d’autant les pretentions heroiques du « demi-homme ». Cause! Si la colere de Ragotin change d’objet au cours du combat, elle se manifeste toujours de la meme facon : personnage aux reactions previsibles, il est bien identifie a une sorte de bouc emissaire, objet d’un rire collectif. Biology Plan! Transforme en machine constamment relancee, Ragotin devient le souffre-douleur qui ne suscite aucune compassion car il a perdu toute humanite. How Technology Is Changing Essay! Il n’est plus qu’un corps malmene, prisonnier de sa materialite pesante et alienante. La reification du personnage est plus manifeste encore lorsque s’impose l’image du « pantin a ficelles ». A2 Coursework! Ce meme chapitre 7 est rythme par les diverses vexations que subit l’avocat (le coffre, les chausses rompues, le pot de chambre) et par les interventions successives de ses opposants (la servante, l’Olive, La Rancune) qui semblent s’etre donne le mot pour l’humilier. How Technology! La scene repose donc sur l’enchainement de situations repetitives de plus en plus triviales qui mettent en evidence la structure circulaire du passage : Ragotin, coince d’abord dans un coffre a linge, se retrouve finalement avec un « pied de metal [11] ». Biology Plan! Ce retour au point de depart signale combien sont vains ses efforts pour echapper a son destin burlesque.

La metaphore du pied ferre fait ainsi echo au neologisme « encoffre [12] » pour reduire le personnage a un objet. Book! Les comparaisons animalieres [13] et l’infantilisation du combattant fesse par l’Olive accentuent encore ce processus de deshumanisation. Plan! Ragotin, jete de bras en bras, se voit depossede de sa vengeance et totalement manipule. How Nursing Over The Years! Le narrateur manifeste lui-meme sa toute-puissance a l’egard de sa marionnette lorsqu’il feint de l’abandonner a sa situation humiliante, « foulant l’etain d’un pied superbe [14] » ou assis sur le pommeau d’une selle « comme sur un pivot [15] ». Biology A2 Coursework! On songe a la fin du roman ou la machine infernale semble s’emballer : Ragotin, pris pour un fou, est devetu et ligote. How Technology The World! Une digression permet alors au narrateur de figer un moment le personnage dans cette posture inconfortable, ce qu’il ne manque pas de souligner comme pour rappeler que Ragotin est bien « sa chose » : Retournons a Ragotin, le corps crotte et meurtri, la bouche seche, la tete pesante et les mains liees derriere le dos [16].

L’enumeration des complements circonstanciels, sous couvert de proposer un rappel de la situation, fait patiner le texte a l’instar de Ragotin prisonnier de ses malheurs [17]. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! Puis les disgraces s’abattent sur lui : devore par les moustiques, il est fouette par un cocher, mordu par un chien, pique par des abeilles au point de perdre figure humaine et de ressembler a « un petit ours nouveau-ne qui n’a point encore ete leche de sa mere [18] ». On The Role Of Women Society! Le corps de Ragotin apparait malleable a merci comme une poupee de chiffon. Le troisieme procede mentionne par Bergson est egalement bien represente : les mesaventures de Ragotin obeissent souvent a l’effet « boule de neige » en impliquant son entourage immediat. A2 Coursework! Ainsi en est-il du chapitre 17 de la premiere partie ou Ragotin, faisant assaut de civilite, entreprend de raccompagner jusque dans les escaliers M lle de la Caverne et sa fille Angelique. The Years! Un faux pas de l’avocat entraine la chute des deux comediennes tandis qu’un valet deverse sur eux un sac d’avoine : L’hote y arriva qui pensa enrager contre son valet, le valet enrageait contre les comediennes, les comediennes enrageaient contre Ragotin qui enrageait plus que pas un de ceux qui enragerent, parce que mademoiselle de l’Etoile, qui arriva en meme temps, fut encore temoin de cette disgrace [19]. L’anadiplose, renforcee par les polyptotes, permet de reconstituer la chaine des personnages et des reactions pour mettre en lumiere le renversement comique de situation qu’annoncait le titre : « Le mauvais succes qu’eut la civilite de Ragotin [20] ». Biology A2 Coursework Plan! Ce dispositif mecanique est plus largement exploite dans la querelle qui oppose « le petit Ragotin et le grand Baguenodiere [21] ». Cause! L’isotopie de la grandeur et de la petitesse, declinee dans tout l’extrait, attire l’attention du lecteur sur l’amplification mecanique et irresistible de la scene. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! La dispute qui degenere d’abord entre les deux protagonistes finit par s’etendre aux autres spectateurs et par provoquer une bataille generale : [Baguenodiere] se voulut reculer et il tomba a la renverse, lui et son siege, sur le malheureux Ragotin, qui fut renverse sur un autre, qui fut renverse sur un autre, qui fut aussi renverse sur un autre, et ainsi de meme jusqu’ou finissaient les sieges, dont une file entiere fut renversee comme des quilles. Wallpaper For Sale In South! Le bruit des tombants, des dames foulees, de celles qui avaient peur, des enfants qui criaient, des gens qui parlaient, de ceux qui riaient, de ceux qui se plaignaient et de ceux qui battaient des mains fit une rumeur infernale. Biology A2 Coursework! Jamais un aussi petit sujet ne causa de plus grands accidents [22]. La repetition de la proposition relative, la comparaison explicite avec le jeu de quilles puis l’accumulation des complements du nom rendent bien compte d’une situation qui s’aggrave et s’emballe pour generer un chaos grotesque.

Ragotin constitue donc a lui seul un veritable repertoire des situations comiques. Wallpaper In South! On est meme en droit de parler d’un hypercodage stylistique, le comique de repetition mettant en place une certaine dynamique narrative, voire un determinisme. Biology! Faut-il voir dans cette surdetermination du personnage un simple procede textuel, un effet de style porte a son paroxysme ? Dominique Froidefond, qui etudie l’evolution narrative du personnage, conclut par exemple a sa reification croissante et caricaturale : Devenu une pure mecanique, Ragotin n’existe plus : il fonctionne seulement au niveau textuel […] Ragotin ne peut pas mourir puisqu’il subsiste uniquement sur le mode de la chose [23] Il est indeniable que l’enchainement previsible et attendu de ses disgraces mecanise l’ecriture en creant une visibilite du code et que cet automatisme detruit tout effet-personne. Book! D’autre part, cet hypercodage ne peut que contribuer a l’entreprise parodique d’un auteur se proposant de bouleverser la conception sclerosee de la poetique romanesque. A2 Coursework Plan! Mais c’est aussi en ce qu’il est traite comme un objet semiotique, comme un signe, que Ragotin fait sens et retrouve une certaine consistance narrative.

Sa vocation a l’echec et a la derision prend evidemment une signification morale que l’on ne saurait toutefois separer des enjeux litteraires de l’oeuvre. Le comique de repetition permet en effet d’identifier le petit avocat au paradigme d’une humanite mediocre s’acharnant a repeter indefiniment des gestes et des attitudes mecaniques. Over The Years! Dans une perspective morale, Ragotin offre ainsi a Scarron l’occasion de decliner les defauts qu’il convient d’eviter : sa rigidite physique manifeste son egocentrisme, son incapacite a tenir compte des desirs d’autrui et a evoluer, son absence de distance critique et d’humour. A2 Coursework! La recurrence ineluctable de ses disgraces temoigne bien de son manque de jugement et de perspicacite. How Nursing The Years! Il est significatif a ce propos que Scarron ne s’appesantisse pas sur les consequences de ses maladresses : bien souvent Ragotin sort de scene avant d’avoir pris conscience de sa betise ou poursuit son chemin sans tirer lecon de ses malheurs [24]. A2 Coursework Plan! On songe alors volontiers aux fantoches de La Bruyere, a ces automates, reduits a une collection de comportements et d’anecdotes, qui ne semblent jamais vraiment affectes par le monde exterieur. Wallpaper For Sale! Si le personnage de Scarron parait avoir un peu plus d’epaisseur psychologique que les monomaniaques du moraliste, son entetement a suivre, quoi qu’il arrive, la pente de ses desirs le conduit de la meme facon a agir par reflexe et sans reflexion.

La derniere scene du roman le montre ainsi aux prises avec un belier qui, accoutume de charger ses adversaires, frappe violemment le crane de l’avocat a deux reprises. Biology Plan! Le parallele etabli entre l’animal obtus reproduisant par habitude le meme comportement et le personnage burlesque rappelle au lecteur la symetrie non moins significative que menage La Bruyere entre Menalque, ferme a son entourage, et l’aveugle qu’il heurte. For Sale Africa! Tous deux tiennent du stereotype qui eclaire la satire sociale. Ainsi, les travers de Ragotin concernent d’autres personnages du roman et Scarron ne manque pas d’etablir entre eux des correspondances explicites. Biology A2 Coursework! On songe par exemple au chapitre 19 de la premiere partie. Book Essay! Faisant suite au recit romanesque des amours de Destin et de l’Etoile, il propose un contrepoint ridicule en tournant en derision les pretentions sentimentales de personnages moins prestigieux : le colerique Ragotin, le susceptible la Rappiniere, le vaniteux Roquebrune et le misanthrope la Rancune, qui partagent tous la meme initiale, portent leur vue sur les memes femmes. Biology! Le comique de situation est renforce par le fait que la Rancune devient le complice et le confident de chacun de ses rivaux qui viennent le voir tour a tour dans l’espoir d’acheter les faveurs de leur belle. Essay On The Of Women Society! La repetition du meme scenario contribue a mettre tous ces personnages en serie, a les confondre dans la meme mesquinerie, a enseigner finalement la navrante banalite de la nature humaine et de la vie, la vanite des fantasmes qui se terminent en fiasco. Biology! Dans une perspective generale, la mecanisation systematique de Ragotin permettrait donc d’attirer l’attention sur tous les caracteres susceptibles de se figer, de se reproduire sans jamais se renouveler. Aussi l’avocat du Mans est-il particulierement representatif de l’ensemble des Manceaux et des provinciaux qui singent par snobisme la societe parisienne et les moeurs de la cour.

Le chapitre 17 de la seconde partie est construit sur un jeu de miroirs qui fonde la satire de la vanite et de l’etiquette sur l’imitation. For Sale In South! L’episode est en outre encadre par deux disgraces de Ragotin qui le mettent en perspective et invitent a operer un parallele. A2 Coursework Plan! Comme Ragotin que la proximite des comediens excite et qui cherche a aligner son attitude sur les heros de roman, les provinciaux profitent aussi du theatre pour essayer d’echapper a leur quotidien routinier en copiant les manieres parisiennes : Le bourgeois du Mans se rechauffa pour la comedie. Essay! Les dames de la ville et de la province etaient ravies d’y voir tous les jours des dames de la cour, de qui elles apprirent a se bien habiller, au moins mieux qu’elles ne faisaient, au grand profit des tailleurs a qui elles donnerent a reformer quantite de vieilles robes. Biology! Le bal se donnait tous les soirs, ou de tres mechants danseurs danserent de tres mauvaises courantes et ou plusieurs jeunes gens de la ville danserent en bas de drap de Hollande ou d’Usseau et en souliers cires [25]. Les derivations lexicales, les repetitions de mots, l’enumeration des personnages correspondant a autant de types ou de roles esquissent une mise en abyme theatrale qui revele le ridicule de la comedie sociale : la Province se donne comme l’image contrefaite, deformee et burlesque de la cour.

Elle en est le reflet caricatural, la copie decalee. Wallpaper For Sale In South! Or cet enchassement rappelle que, dans ce « roman comique », la satire va de pair avec une reflexion litteraire. Biology Plan! Cette imbrication du discours ideologique et de l’hypercodage stylistique que constitue le comique de repetition est particulierement bien mise en lumiere dans le passage qui oppose « le petit Ragotin et le grand Baguenodiere ». L’episode est construit sur un jeu speculaire demultiplie. Cause Effect! La troupe interprete sur scene Dom Japhet d’Armenie , une comedie d’intrigue a l’espagnole que Scarron ecrit en meme temps que le Roman comique et ou il relate les mesaventures d’un personnage fantasque, vaniteux et ridiculise par son rival.

La piece, « aussi enjoue[e] que celui qui l’a fait[e] a sujet de l’etre peu [26] », entre en resonance avec les infortunes de l’avocat. Biology A2 Coursework! De plus, le narrateur precise qu’elle divertit tout le monde « a la reserve du desastreux Ragotin [27] ». Essay Role In Developing Society! L’intertextualite invite ainsi a interroger la finalite du comique : pourquoi et de quoi rit-on ? Elle incite egalement a considerer la litterature comme un exutoire permettant de rire de soi ou de mettre ses malheurs a distance. Biology! Ragotin serait a ce titre un anti-Scarron dans la mesure ou il vit sa vie au premier degre, sans distance critique, tandis que le romancier transforme ses souffrances en comedie. Le passage opere en outre un deplacement du rire de la scene a la salle, les deux protagonistes rejouissant les spectateurs en interpretant malgre eux une farce grotesque. Review! La reprise du meme scenario donne alors lieu a un comique de repetition appuye [28]. Biology Plan! En exhibant ainsi ses procedes, la scene se designe ostensiblement comme une comedie. How Nursing Over The Years! Le mouvement de va-et-vient qu’opere la Baguenodiere en regardant tantot Ragotin et tantot le theatre confirme en outre le jeu de miroir : le spectacle est bien dans la fiction theatrale et dans la realite.

Le theatre a bien pour vocation de repeter la vie, de la mecaniser et d’en faire la caricature lorsqu’elle tend a tourner en rond. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! Le dialogue de sourds qui s’instaure entre Ragotin et la Baguenodiere exacerbe en effet la vacuite des rapports humains dans cette societe mancelle depourvue d’interet et de consistance. Has Changed The Years! Le comique de repetition fait bien apparaitre la dependance des deux protagonistes, images inversees l’un de l’autre : le « grand Baguenodiere » et le « petit Ragotin » n’existent que dans leur interaction, de meme que les bourgeois du Mans vivent dans l’ombre des courtisans. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! Le procede d’ecriture devient en quelque sorte une machine a exposer la vacuite du paraitre. How Nursing Has Changed Over! En meme temps, il invite le lecteur a partager le regard surplombant de l’auteur, a apprecier la difference qui separe le rire discriminant de la connivence amusee, le comique farcesque de l’humour. Le theme du double [29], que cette scene met en avant et qui renforce le comique de repetition, rend alors compte a la fois des effets cathartiques de cette distance humoristique et d’une ecriture reflexive jouant sur les variations, les ecarts et les dissonances.

Henri Bergson remarque a juste titre que « le comique exige, pour produire tout son effet, quelque chose comme une anesthesie momentanee du coeur [30] ». Biology! Et le comique de repetition favorise tout particulierement cette insensibilite en nous donnant l’impression d’avoir affaire a un automate. For Sale In South! Le mecanisme de la catharsis comique passe par une mise a distance du fantoche, un refus de compatir a ses souffrances. A2 Coursework Plan! Or on is changing the world, sait qu’en psychanalyse on biology a2 coursework plan, associe la figure du double a un processus d’autodefense ou l’etre se separe d’une partie de lui-meme et tente d’echapper a un aspect de sa personnalite. Essay Homelessness Cause Effect! Le double concretise les peurs, les fantasmes, les pulsions inavouables ; il est a la fois la projection d’un desarroi intime et le support d’une liberation. A2 Coursework! Il se trouve que Ragotin, par sa dimension burlesque et son statut paradigmatique, apparait tout designe pour representer ce dedoublement et favoriser cette catharsis. Wallpaper For Sale! On a pu voir ainsi dans le petit avocat le contrepoint ridicule de Destin [31] ou le « contre-heros » du roman [32]. A2 Coursework! Le « demi-homme » repete en effet sur un mode decale les gestes ou les sentiments du comedien : soupirant econduit de M lle de l’Etoile, il « vol[e] a son cheval sur les ailes de son amour, une grande epee a son cote et une carabine en bandouliere [33] », mais son rodeo se termine par une chute douloureuse tandis que Destin s’empare de la monture de Ragotin pour se lancer avec panache a la poursuite des ravisseurs d’Angelique [34]. Effect! Ragotin figure aussi le double de Roquebrune dont il annonce la deconfiture dans le chapitre 20 qui s’intitule « Suite du trebuchement de Ragotin et quelque chose de semblable qui arriva a Roquebrune [35] ». Plan! Denude par « ce meme fou qui avait autrefois fait si grand-peur au Destin [36] », il devient ce dement aux yeux des villageois effrayes dans le chapitre 16 de la seconde partie. Is Changing Essay! Malleable a volonte, Ragotin est donc une machine a dupliquer, a repeter en les caricaturant jusqu’a l’invraisemblance les petits ridicules ou les cotes caches des autres personnages.

Incarnant pour ainsi dire le prototype du double, il offre par le rire une echappatoire devant la realite decevante et agressive. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! Il represente des lors le double haissable dont on on christmas, cherche a s’affranchir pour pouvoir exister en toute liberte. A2 Coursework Plan! Son statut de bouc emissaire le voue a la vindicte publique tandis qu’en le persecutant au fil de son roman, « Scarron le paralytique […] se detache progressivement de cette ombre qui le suit, risible dans sa difformite [37] ». Book Review! Le comique de repetition viserait alors a marginaliser le souffre-douleur afin de pouvoir tourner en derision ses propres souffrances. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! Ragotin figure aussi l’Autre inquietant ou refoule. Essay On The Society! Le parallele que Scarron etablit entre lui et le fou permet d’interpreter l’etrange episode ou Destin est surpris par cet etre fantastique, mi-homme, mi-diable, qui semble naitre de son imprecation et qui le terrorise [38]. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! L’une des justifications de cette scene, qui trouve son prolongement dans la mesaventure de Ragotin, serait de placer le heros en quete d’identite face a « son fantome », face a ce malaise de l’homme luttant contre sa propre mort et ses propres phobies. Essay! Car il entre de la mort dans la repetition des disgraces, de l’echec dans cette negation systematique du reve. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! Le cas limite que represente ce clown burlesque nous fait cotoyer l’absurde sans toutefois quitter le domaine comique. Homelessness! Dominique Froidefond note ainsi que, dans la seconde partie, Ragotin est sans cesse menace de mort. Plan! La succession de ses revers le confronte a une violence et a une insensibilite croissantes de la part de son entourage.

Associe a cette surenchere, le comique de repetition rappelle que le rire va toujours plus ou moins de pair avec l’agressivite et la cruaute. Mais d’autre part l’invraisemblance, la derealisation qu’il produit participe d’une jouissance de l’outrance, d’une subversion des lois du reel. The World Essay! Le comique de repetition manifesterait alors le desir d’echapper au principe de realite. Biology A2 Coursework! L’entetement de Ragotin prendrait dans cette perspective une autre signification : ses gesticulations desordonnees, son temperament exuberant trahiraient le desir fou de se soustraire a la norme, a un determinisme social et litteraire. Essay Effect! Par son caractere burlesque, le personnage defie en effet l’ordre etabli, la typologie romanesque et parfois meme la fatalite narrative qui le voue a l’echec. A2 Coursework Plan! Ainsi, dans l’episode ou il sauve involontairement l’ingenu Destin des cajoleries de la Bouvillon, il fait figure a la fois de deus ex machina , de double du heros feminise et ridiculise tout en representant le pendant masculin de la « grosse sensuelle » dont il bouleverse les plans et qu’il assomme en entrant [39]. Book Review! L’automate contribue en quelque sorte a reveler l’indetermination des caracteres, le refus de toute approche fixiste.

Il met paradoxalement en lumiere « le vivant » dans « le mecanique ». A2 Coursework! Le retournement de situation s’accompagne ainsi d’un jeu de miroirs inverses qui temoigne d’un parti pris ludique et d’un brouillage des codes. Essay! On est alors renvoye a tous les « couples » du roman [40] qui suggerent l’ambivalence de la nature humaine et donnent au narrateur l’occasion de battre en breche la notion de « heros » ou de type qui releverait d’une psychologie essentialiste. Biology A2 Coursework! Les personnages de Scarron ne sont pas construits tout d’une piece et les repetitions, les rapprochements montrent bien que, places sous le signe de la diversite et de la contrariete, ils se pretent a des lectures multiples. Book Review! Le topos du double, et plus particulierement le personnage de Ragotin, apparaissent des lors au coeur du jeu d’interferences generiques qui caracterise l’ecriture du Roman comique . Plan! Il participe a cette tension qui fonde le pastiche et la parodie oscillant entre la reconnaissance du modele et sa demystification. The World Essay! Il est ainsi parti prenante du dialogisme qui, selon Bakhtine, confere au genre romanesque son energie et sa vitalite a travers les siecles. On peut donc voir dans le comique de repetition un procede de lisibilite qui rend compte, d’une facon assez synthetique, des intentions de Scarron. Plan! En surdeterminant le personnage de Ragotin, l’auteur accentue la demarche burlesque du roman, le renversement parodique des topoi precieux et heroiques percus comme conventionnels et scleroses. Essay On Christmas! Il met ainsi en lumiere le heurt d’ideologies contraires mais egalement leurs interactions. Biology! La mecanisation du petit avocat lui permet a la fois de denoncer les postures morales trop figees et le raidissement d’une litterature condamnee a la repetition sterile. Reflective! Le rire suscite par les disgraces de Ragotin est profondement ambivalent et temoigne de cette tension entre principe realiste et aspiration idealiste, entre naivete et demystification qui caracterise la fabrique romanesque.

Car ce procede attire tout particulierement l’attention sur le travail reflexif de l’oeuvre : le roman reprend des modeles topiques, repete ostensiblement son discours carnavalesque et ironise sur ses propres conventions. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! Le comique de repetition met bien en lumiere, en les exacerbant, les invraisemblances, la mecanisation d’une ecriture qui joue des reprises lexicales, des correspondances de situations pour inciter le lecteur a entrer dans le jeu de la parodie tout en goutant le plaisir de la reconnaissance. Essay Role Of Women! En cela, Ragotin ne saurait etre reduit a un automate bouffon ou a un anti-heros caricatural. Plan! Parce qu’il est au centre d’une esthetique faite de tensions, il invite le lecteur a explorer, derriere l’accumulation apparemment monotone de ses mesaventures, la nature contradictoire d’une oeuvre qui aspire avant tout a la liberte. Essay Homelessness Effect! Et sans doute n’est-ce pas le moindre des paradoxes du Roman comique que de faire de la repetition le lieu d’un renouvellement de la forme romanesque.

[1] Charles Perrault, Parallele des Anciens et des Modernes , 1692, vol. A2 Coursework Plan! III, p. Book! 196. Biology A2 Coursework! [2] Jean Emelina, Le comique. Role Society! Essai d’interpretation generale , 1991, p. A2 Coursework! 60. Essay On The Of Women! [3] Paul Scarron, Le roman comique , 1985, p. Plan! 59. Essay! [4] Ibid. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! , p. Essay! 60. Biology! [5] « Il s’offrit de leur lire […] une piece de sa facon, intitulee les Faits et Gestes de Charlemagne, en vingt-quatre journees » ( ibid. In South! , p. A2 Coursework! 59). Effect! [6] Henri Bergson, Le rire , 2004, p. Biology! 8. Africa! [7] Paul Scarron, Le roman comique , op. A2 Coursework! cit. Has Changed Over The Years! , p. Biology Plan! 77-78. Essay Role Society! [8] Ibid. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! , p. Role Society! 54. Biology! [9] Ibid. Reflective Essay On Christmas! , p. A2 Coursework Plan! 230. Book Review Essay! [10] Ragotin affronte tour a tour une « puissante servante » et l’Olive qui jouit « d’une force d’Hercule » ( ibid. A2 Coursework! , p. Essay On Christmas! 230-231). Biology A2 Coursework Plan! [11] Ibid. Essay Role Of Women Society! , p. Biology! 231. Cause Effect! [12] Ils « le trouverent tout le corps, a la reserve de la tete, enfonce dans un grand coffre de bois qui servait a serrer le linge de l’hotellerie ; et, ce qui etait du plus facheux pour le pauvre encoffre, le dessus du coffre, fort pesant et massif, etait tombe sur ses jambes et les pressait d’une maniere fort douloureuse a voir » ( ibid. A2 Coursework Plan! , p. Essay Effect! 230). Biology! [13] Une premiere comparaison avec un « pourceau » rappelle l’etymologie de son nom puisqu’un ragot est un jeune sanglier. Book Essay! Puis le rapprochement du coffre avec une « chausse-trape » le transforme en bete nuisible. Biology! [14] Ibid ., p. How Technology The World Essay! 231. A2 Coursework! [15] Ibid ., p. Essay On The Of Women In Developing Society! 163. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! [16] Ibid. Essay On Christmas! , p. Biology Plan! 298. Review! [17] Le meme procede est repris a la fin de ce meme chapitre : la joie d’avoir retrouve son mulet « lui fit oublier la chute de la charrette, les coups de fouet du cocher, les morsures du chien et les piqures des mouches » ( ibid. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! , p. Is Changing Essay! 301). Biology! On remarquera que chacune des mises en scene de Ragotin va de pair avec un mecanisme langagier : Scarron multiplie les repetitions de termes, de structures syntaxiques comme si le texte s’enrayait. Essay Homelessness Effect! [18] Ibid. A2 Coursework! , p. On The Role In Developing Society! 301. Biology! [19] Ibid. Reflective On Christmas! , p. Biology! 146. Book Essay! [20] Ibid. Biology A2 Coursework! , p. Essay! 144. Biology Plan! [21] Ibid ., p. Essay Homelessness Cause Effect! 301. Plan! Voir le chapitre 17, deuxieme partie. Essay In Developing Society! [22] Ibid. A2 Coursework! , p. Cause Effect! 305. Biology A2 Coursework! [23] Dominique Froidefond, « Le traitement de Ragotin dans Le roman comique de Scarron », 1993, p. How Technology The World Essay! 415-433. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! [24] On pourra par exemple se reporter au chapitre 17 de la premiere partie ou le narrateur fait disparaitre son personnage apres sa chute dans l’escalier : « Ragotin ne les y suivit point et je n’ai pas bien su ou il alla » (Paul Scarron, Le roman comique , op. Reflective On Christmas! cit ., p. Biology A2 Coursework! 146). How Technology Is Changing Essay! Apres son altercation avec la Baguenodiere qui lui vaut de tomber dans l’egout du tripot, Ragotin se montre pres a recommencer : « Il se fourra dans la presse de ceux qui sortaient, meditant quelque chose de bien glorieux pour lui et bien funeste pour la Baguenodiere » ( ibid. A2 Coursework Plan! , p. Essay! 306-307). A2 Coursework Plan! [25] Ibid. On The Role Of Women! , p. Plan! 303. Essay On The Role Of Women Society! [26] Ibid. A2 Coursework! , p. Cause Effect! 304. Plan! On etablit volontiers un rapprochement entre la paralysie evolutive dont souffrait Scarron et son ecriture burlesque. Homelessness Cause Effect! [27] Id. Biology Plan! [28] Id.

Scarron signale le procede avec insistance en recourant aux memes verbes (« retourna, recria ») et aux complements iteratifs (« pour la troisieme fois »). Role Of Women! [29] Le theme a ete tres souvent etudie et commente. A2 Coursework! On se reportera par exemple aux travaux de Jean Serroy, Roman et realite. Essay Homelessness! Les histoires comiques au XVII e siecle , Paris, Minard, 1981 ; de Jean Rousset, Narcisse romancier , Paris, Jose Corti, 1973 ; et de Jean-Claude Lieber, « Les deux freres rivaux ou le complexe d’Esau », Dix-septieme siecle , n °146 (1985), p. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! 69-78. How Nursing Has Changed Over! [30] Henri Bergson, Le rire , op. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! cit. Homelessness! , p. Plan! 4. Reflective! [31] Jean Serroy, « Preface », dans Paul Scarron, Le roman comique , op. A2 Coursework! cit. Reflective Essay! , p. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! 27. Essay Homelessness Cause! [32] Jean Rousset, Narcisse romancier , op. A2 Coursework! cit. Essay Homelessness Effect! , p. Biology A2 Coursework! 73. Review Essay! [33] Paul Scarron, Le roman comique , op. Biology Plan! cit. Is Changing The World! , p. Plan! 161. How Technology The World! On remarquera que Destin porte au debut du roman un « grand fusil sur son epaule » et une tres longue epee au cote. Plan! [34] Le narrateur signale ostensiblement la coincidence : « Le Destin monta sur un cheval, sur lequel Ragotin venait d’arriver du Mans (je ne sais pas au vrai si c’etait le meme qui l’avait deja jete par terre) » ( ibid. Cause! , p. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! 188). Has Changed Over The Years! [35] Ibid. A2 Coursework Plan! , p. Reflective On Christmas! 163. A2 Coursework Plan! [36] Ibid ., p. For Sale In South Africa! 296. Biology A2 Coursework! [37] Jean Serroy, « Preface, loc. How Nursing Has Changed Over The Years! cit. Biology Plan! », p. Essay Role Of Women In Developing! 15. Biology Plan! Cette fonction du double est a rattacher a la thematique des « freres ennemis » bien illustree dans le roman avec les personnages de Destin et Glaris, Verville et Saint-Far. Wallpaper For Sale! [38] « Il maudissait interieurement un si mechant chemin quand il se sentit sauter en croupe quelque homme ou quelque diable qui lui passa les bras alentour du col […] Le Destin repoussa son cheval de plus belle et, regardant derriere lui, il vit son fantome qui courait a toutes jambes vers le lieu d’ou il etait venu. Biology Plan! Il a avoue depuis que l’on ne peut avoir plus de peur qu’il en eut » (Paul Scarron, Le roman comique , op. Essay On Christmas! cit. Biology A2 Coursework! , p. The World Essay! 196-197). Biology! [39] Ibid. On The Of Women In Developing! , p. Biology! 243. Reflective Essay On Christmas! Le nez « ecache » et la bosse de la Bouvillon sont a mettre en parallele avec les multiples contusions de l’avocat. Biology! En outre, le narrateur ne manque pas de les rapprocher explicitement en qualifiant la dame de « femme ragote » ( ibid. The Years! , p. Plan! 235) et en jouant sur l’onomastique : les deux personnages, en depit de leur temperament vif, sont voues a l’impuissance. Reflective Essay! [40] Ces couples renvoient aussi bien a la thematique des freres ennemis (Destin et Glaris, Verville et Saint-Far, Dom Sanche et Dom Juan) qu’aux personnages travestis (Victoria, Sophie, Claudia). Bergson, Henri, Le rire , Paris, Presses universitaires de France (Quadrige), 2004 [1900].

Renart ou le rire rebelle. Par Armelle Leclercq. Le voyage de Diderot en Russie. Par Inna Gorbatov. Les trois grincements de la machine (Bergson-Moliere: retour critique) Par Jean de Guardia. Repeter pour deniaiser?

Figures de la repetition et comique chez Cyrano de Bergerac.

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A level biology experiment coursework

Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Symptoms, causes, and treatment. OCD is a distinct condition but falls within the a2 coursework plan category of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. OCD is associated with a wide range of functional impairments, and has a significant impact on social and occupational life. The presence of obsessions or compulsions, or both, is reflective essay what distinguishes obsessive-compulsive disorder from other conditions. A2 Coursework! The obsessions or compulsions cause marked distress, are time-consuming, and essay on christmas, interfere with a person's normal functioning. Indications of OCD can present in children and teenagers, with the disease usually beginning gradually and worsening with age. Symptoms of OCD can be mild or severe. Some people experience obsessive thoughts only, without engaging in compulsive behavior. Some people suffering from OCD successfully hide their symptoms in fear of embarrassment or stigma. Friends and family may, however, notice some of the more physical signs. Obsessions are more than the everyday worries experienced by most healthy people when thinking about real-life problems.

Instead, people with OCD experience excessive thoughts and worries that prompt them to engage in biology a2 coursework plan particular actions or thoughts in an attempt to is changing, relieve or suppress the fear and anxiety. A person with OCD typically: Has repetitive thoughts, images, or urges that they do not feel able to control. Is aware of these intrusive thoughts and feelings and biology a2 coursework plan, does not want to have these ideas. Finds these thoughts disturbing, unwanted, and (in the for sale case of older children and adults) is aware that they do not make sense.

Has uncomfortable feelings, such as fear, disgust, doubt, or a feeling that things have to be done in biology plan a way that is just right. Spends an unwarranted amount of on the role of women society, time on these obsessions, which interferes with personal, social, and professional activities. Common OCD obsessions include: Contamination - including body fluids, germs, and dirt. Losing control - including a fear of acting on an urge to harm one's self or others. Perfectionism - including concerns about a2 coursework plan, exactness, needing to remember things, and fear of essay homelessness, losing things. Harm - including a fear of being responsible for something terrible happening. Unwanted sexual thoughts - including obsessions about homosexuality or incest. Religious obsessions - including concerns about offending god.

Perfectionism and concern about evenness or exactness are obsessions apparent in OCD. Not all rituals or forms of repetitive behavior are compulsions. Normal repetitive behaviors that feature in everyday life may include bedtime routines, religious practices, and learning a new skill. Behavior also depends on the context, for example, a person who works in biology a2 coursework a video store arranging DVDs for 8 hours a day is probably not acting out of compulsion. Common OCD compulsions include: Washing and essay, cleaning - including constant hand washing. Checking - including checking body parts or checking that nothing terrible happened. Repeating - including rereading and repeating routine activities like getting up from biology a2 coursework plan, a chair. Mental compulsions - including praying to prevent harm and mentally reviewing events.

Obsessive compulsive disorder tests and diagnosis. According to essay on christmas, the American Psychiatric Association, the diagnostic criteria for a2 coursework plan OCD includes: The presence of obsessions, compulsions or both. The obsessions and role in developing, compulsions are time-consuming or cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. The obsessive-compulsive symptoms are not due to plan, the physiological effects of a substance, for example, drug abuse or medication for another condition. How Technology Is Changing! The disturbance is not better explained by another mental disorder. If the above criteria are met, a diagnosis of OCD may be given. A number of other psychiatric and neurological disorders such as depression and biology, anxiety have similar features to OCD and homelessness, can occur alongside OCD.

Constant hand-washing and washing and cleaning in a specific way are common OCD compulsions. Despite a wealth of research, the exact causes of OCD have not been identified. A 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) mental health report estimated that OCD was among the top 20 causes of illness-related disability worldwide for people aged 15-44, and biology a2 coursework, that OCD was the fourth most common mental illness after phobias, substance abuse, and major depression. OCD is thought to have a neurobiological basis, with neuroimaging studies showing that the brain functions differently in essay people with the biology a2 coursework disorder. An abnormality, or an imbalance in neurotransmitters, is reflective thought to be involved in a2 coursework OCD. OCD that begins in childhood is How nursing has changed more common in boys than girls, with the usual time of onset of OCD later for females than males; the biology a2 coursework disorder is equally common among adult men and women. OCD might be triggered by a combination of genetic, neurological, behavioral, cognitive, and environmental factors. OCD runs in families and can be considered a familial disorder. The disease may span generations with close relatives of the world, people with OCD significantly more likely to develop OCD themselves.

Twin studies of adults suggest that obsessive-compulsive symptoms are moderately heritable, with genetic factors contributing 27-47 percent of variance in plan scores on reflective, measures of obsessive-compulsive symptoms. However, no single gene has been identified as the cause of biology plan, OCD. Some rapid onset cases of obsessive-compulsive disorder in children might be a consequence of Group A streptococcal infections, which cause inflammation and dysfunction in the basal ganglia. These cases are grouped together and referred to as pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS). In recent years, however, other pathogens, such as the homelessness cause bacteria responsible for Lyme disease, and H1N1 (the flu virus), have also been associated with rapid onset of a2 coursework plan, OCD in book review children. As such, clinicians have altered the acronym to PANS - Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome. The behavioral theory suggests that people with OCD associate certain objects or situations with fear.

They learn to avoid those things or learn to biology, perform rituals in order to wallpaper for sale in south africa, help reduce the fear. This fear and avoidance or ritual cycle may begin during a period of intense stress, such as when starting a new job or when a relationship comes to an end. Once the connection between and object and the feeling of fear becomes established, people with OCD begin to avoid that object and the fear it generates, rather than confronting or tolerating the fear. The behavioral theory outlined above focuses on how people with OCD make an association between an object and a2 coursework plan, fear, whereas, the cognitive theory focuses on how people with OCD misinterpret their thoughts. Most people have unwelcome or intrusive thoughts at some time or other, but for those with OCD, the importance of those thoughts are exaggerated. For example, a person who is caring for an infant and essay, who is under intense pressure may have an intrusive thought of harming the infant - whether that thought is of intentional or unintentional harm.

Most people can shrug off and disregard the thought, but a person suffering from OCD may exaggerate the importance of the thought and biology plan, respond as though it signifies a threat. The World! As long as the sufferer interprets these intrusive thoughts as cataclysmic and true, they will continue the avoidance and ritual behaviors. Brain scans have shown abnormal activity in patients with OCD. Brain imaging techniques have allowed researchers to study the activity of specific areas of the a2 coursework brain, leading to the discovery that some parts of the brain are different in OCD sufferers compared with non-sufferers. Despite this revelation, it is not known exactly how these differences relate to the development of OCD. Imbalances in serotonin, or glutamate may play a part in on christmas OCD. Environmental stressors may be a trigger for plan OCD in people with a tendency toward developing the condition. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adolescents and children has also been associated with an increased risk of onset of obsessive-compulsions, with one study finding that 30 percent of children aged 6-18 who experienced a TBI developed symptoms of role, OCD within 12 months of the injury. Overall, studies indicate that patients with OCD frequently report stressful and traumatic life eventsbefore the illness begins. CBT may help a high percentage of people via two types of treatment.

Left untreated, OCD usually develops into a chronic condition with episodes where symptoms seem to improve. Without treatment, remission rates are low, at around 20 percent. However, around 40 percent of people who develop OCD in childhood or adolescence experience remission by a2 coursework early adulthood. Treatment for OCD will depend on how much the condition affects the person's ability to function. CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) a combination of SSRI and CBT. CBT is an effective method of book review, treating OCD. Plan! CBT is a type of psychotherapy (talking therapy) that aims to essay on the, help the plan patient change the way they think, feel, and behave. It refers to two distinct treatments: exposure and essay society, response prevention (ERP) cognitive therapy.

Research has shown that 75 percent of people with OCD are significantly helped by cognitive behavioral therapy. Treatment techniques include exposure and response prevention (ERP), this involves the following: Exposure - exposure to situations and objects that trigger fear and anxiety. Over time, the anxiety generated by these obsessional cues decreases and, eventually, the a2 coursework obsessional cues cause little or no anxiety. This is called habituation. Response - response prevention refers to the ritual behaviors that people with OCD engage in to reduce anxiety.

This treatment helps patients learn to resist the compulsion to essay, perform these rituals. Other techniques focus on purely cognitive therapy (CT). People participating in CT work toward eliminating compulsive behaviour. Biology! This is done by identifying and in south africa, re-evaluating their beliefs about the consequences of engaging, or not engaging, in biology the compulsive behavior. Once these intrusive thoughts and the meanings the person applies to them are acknowledged, the therapist will then encourage the person to: examine the essay cause evidence that supports and does not support the biology obsession identify cognitive distortions in the appraisals of the obsession develop a less threatening and alternative response to has changed over, the intrusive thought, image, or idea. Only a small number of studies have tested the effectiveness of CT for OCD. These studies have, however, found CT to be effective. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) There are a number of drugs available for biology a2 coursework plan treating OCD, with the development of SSRIs expanding the range of treatment options. SSRIs that may be prescribed to help people manage OCD include:

clomipramine fluoxetine fluvoxamine paroxetine hydrochloride sertraline citalopram escitalopram. SSRIs are generally used in higher doses for OCD than for depression and for at least 3 months. About half of all patients with OCD do not respond to SSRI treatment alone, with atypical antipsychotic medications often added to the treatment. Article last updated on Thu 20 April 2017. Arnold, P.D., Sicard, T., Burroughs, E.B., Richter, M.A., Kennedy, J.L. (2006, July). Glutamate transporter gene SLC1A1 associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Archives of General Psychiatry, 63 (7), 769-776. How Nursing Has Changed Over The Years! Retrieved from Fontenelle, L.F., Cocchi, L., Harrison, B.J., Miguel, E.C., Torres, A.R., (2011, February). Role of biology a2 coursework, stressful and traumatic life events in obsessive–compulsive disorder. Neuropsychiatry, 1 (1), 61-69. Reflective Essay! Retrieved from Grados, M.A., Vasa, R.A., Riddle, M.A., Slomine, B.S., Salorio, C., Christensen, J., Gerring, J. (2008). Biology! New onset obsessive-compulsive symptoms in children and adolescents with severe traumatic brain injury [Abstract]. Depress Anxiety, 25 (5), 398-407. Retrieved from How nursing,

Hollander, E., Zohar, J., Sirovatka, P.J., Regier, D.A., (2011). Obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders: Refining the research agenda for DSM-V. Retrieved from Kellner, M. (2010, June). Drug treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 12 (2), 187-197. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! Retrieved from Markarian, Y., Larson, M.J., Aldea, M.A., Baldwin, S.A., Good, D., Berkeljon, A., . Essay Homelessness Cause Effect! . . McKay,D. Biology! (2010, February). Multiple pathways to functional impairment in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Clinical Psychology Review, 30 (1), 78-88.

Retrieved from Moretti, G., Pasquini, M., Mandarelli, G., Tarsitani, L., Biondi, M. (2008, May 21). What every psychiatrist should know about PANDAS: a review. Clinical Practice Epidemiology in Mental Health, 4 (13). Homelessness! Retrieved from Murphy, D.L.,Timpano, K., Wheaton, M.G., Greenberg, B.D., Miguel, E.C. (2010, June). Obsessive-compulsive disorder and its related disorders: a reappraisal of biology a2 coursework plan, obsessive-compulsive spectrum concepts. Dialogues Clinical Neuroscience, 12 (2), 131-148. Retrieved from Nestadt, G., Samuels, J., Riddle, M., Bienvenu 3rd, O.J., Liang, K.Y., LaBuda, M., . For Sale In South! . . Hoehn-Saric, R. (2000, April). A family study of obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Archive of General Psychiatry , 57(4), 358-63. Retrieved from Parmet, S., Lynm, C., Golub, R.M. (2011, May 11). A2 Coursework Plan! Obsessive-compulsive disorder. JAMA . 305(18), 1926. Retrieved from Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: Nichols, Hannah. Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Symptoms, causes, and treatment. Medical News Today . MediLexicon, Intl., 20 Apr.

2017. Web. 5 Oct. 2017. For Sale In South! Nichols, H. (2017, April 20). Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Symptoms, causes, and treatment. Medical News Today . Retrieved from. Please note: If no author information is provided, the biology plan source is cited instead.

Interestig piece of information.However I would like to know something more,eg,how does ego or Id influence ocd? A word on this would widen my understanding of the subject. THIS IS HORRIBLE. having Ocd is no picnic but it doesn't mean your not normal. It's just something one has to live with in has changed over the years his or her life. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! taking medication is cause effect good also seeing a doctor. the key is to try to think positive. if your worried about something you can always write it down and put it in a positive way or talk to yourself. this is a2 coursework something you may always have but your gonna be okay. Essay Effect! millons of people in the world suffer from this disorder, but they can still go on and live there lives. Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK. 2004-2017 All rights reserved.

MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.

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18 Places to Find Blogging Jobs: An Essential Resource for Freelance Bloggers. Finding blogging jobs can be tough. Where should you look for gigs that pay more than a couple measly bucks for a 500-word post? Are content mills the only way to get paid to write? The truth is, if you know where to look, you can definitely find better-paying blogging opportunities.

With the a2 coursework plan rise of essay on the in developing society, content marketing, an increasing number of companies are hiring freelance writers to produce articles for biology plan their blogs. Africa. Sometimes they offer one-off assignments, which can pay $75 or more per post. Other online publications may look for bloggers who are willing to write several posts a week, the kind of steady gig that can really add to biology plan, your bottom line. Writers like Nicole Dieker, who shares her earnings each month here at is changing The Write Life, are using blogging jobs to round out biology a2 coursework plan, their income and earn a livable wage #8212; and they’re often able to work from how technology is changing essay home, on their own schedule. But how can you get paid to blog if you don’t know where to find these gigs?

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2. Freelance Writing Jobs: 25 Sites That Pay for Guest Posts. This list, from Kyle Taylor of The Penny Hoarder, focuses on sites that pay for guest posts. Most pay $50 and up, with several of them focused on writing. (Yes, The Write Life is on the list.) 3. 110 Websites that Pay You to Contribute an Article, Instantly. Bamidele Onibalusi put together this epic list of blogs and websites that pay contributors, last updated in a2 coursework January 2015. You’ll need to how technology is changing the world essay, sign up with your email to download the PDF of the full list, but you can see 70 outlets in a2 coursework plan the blog post. 4. Funds for Writers Paying Markets. Writer Hope Clark curates this list of writing opportunities, which generally pay around 10 cents a word and up. Not all of the essay on christmas listed markets are blogs, but many of these publications look for both magazine articles and blog posts, so check their guidelines for more information. Biology A2 Coursework Plan. Jennifer Mattern of All Indie Writers has put together a huge listing of paying writing opportunities. For blogging jobs, choose “blogging markets” from the drop-down menu. What about how technology is changing the world job boards?

While you could spend hours digging through general job boards like, a better bet is to biology, scour boards that focus on writing jobs. Be sure to read postings thoroughly and do your due diligence before applying #8212; and essay homelessness, if the company wants you to plan, write a 1,000-word “sample article” for free, you should probably pass. The site offers plenty of blogging jobs in addition to copywriting and print opportunities. Most gigs pay on a per-post basis, though not all of them list their rates. Some listings come directly from the client, like businesses looking for contributors to their blogs, while others are from content mills.

This job board has tons of postings for freelance writing-related jobs, from email marketing and copywriting positions to public relations and editing gigs. Tip: Broaden your search to “freelance writer” or “content curator” to help pull up more results. Many of the positions are based in New York City, but you’ll also see quite a few offers for remote work. ProBlogger’s job board is popular, and for essay on the of women in developing good reason: You’ll often see multiple new listings each day. I found opportunities in all sorts of niches, from a law office looking for a “legal blogger” to a DIY site in plan need of a “flower crafts blogger.” Created by essay on the role society freelance blogger Tom Ewer of a2 coursework, Leaving Work Behind, Paid to wallpaper in south, Blog Jobs is biology a2 coursework, a curated database of freelance writing and blogging jobs. Tom and homelessness cause, his team look for biology plan all the crucial information, like who to pitch and How nursing has changed, potential rates, and present it clearly and simply so you can evaluate each opportunity.

The downside? The convenience factor isn’t free. A membership will cost you $30 a month, $77 a quarter or $260 a year. For more information, check out our review of Paid to Blog Jobs . 10. Biology A2 Coursework. Freelance Writers Den Junk-Free Job Board.

The Den is a writing community hosted by how technology is changing essay longtime freelance writer and blogger Carol Tice. Its job board shares carefully curated opportunities. The Den is biology plan, only open at africa certain times of the year, but you can sign up on the waiting list to be notified when you’ll have a chance to join. Membership costs $25 per biology plan month, but includes workshops, forums and more. A “Den2X Income Accelerator” program is also available for book essay $139 per month. Other great places to find blogging jobs. Wading through job boards can be exhausting, and often the biology a2 coursework plan gigs don’t pay much.

As soon as you’ve built up a writing portfolio, it’s best to move on to other options. Why not stick with the africa job boards? For one, you’ll make more money pitching clients on your own, advises freelance writer and a2 coursework, blogger Linda Formichelli. You’ll also likely have less competition than you would when applying to a blogging job posted on a free job board. Curious? Here are a few other places to look for blogging work: Created by writer and editor Manjula Martin, Who Pays Writers collects anonymous reports of rates paid by for sale africa all sorts of publications, from tiny niche blogs to massive print magazines. A2 Coursework. No, these aren’t job listings, but you can use them strategically to land a blogging gig . Search the wallpaper for sale in south africa directory for the word “blog” to see submitted rates for a2 coursework blogs, plus information on the type of the world essay, contract, lead time and how to pitch. Biology A2 Coursework Plan. You can also simply scan recent submissions for blogs or websites you’d love to write for to get an How nursing has changed over the years idea of their rates before you pitch them. Once you have your hit list of blogs you want to write for, check out their contributor guidelines and a2 coursework plan, get pitching!

12. Contently’s Freelance Rates Database. While it also includes pay for photography and design, most of the database is devoted to How nursing, writing jobs. Many are print publications, but you’ll see some blog markets listed along with flat or per-word rates. You can use it the same way you’d use Who Pays Writers: as information and inspiration for biology plan your pitch list. Cause. 13. A2 Coursework. Alexis Grant’s Database of Freelance Bloggers. The Write Life founder Alexis Grant is always on the lookout for freelance bloggers for various projects. If you’d like to be included, simply fill out a few questions about your experience and topics you write about, and you’ll be on the list for future opportunities.

14. Jon Morrow’s Big Black Book of Rock-Solid Guest Blogging Targets. This resource lists 103 online magazines and blogs that accept guest posts, including big names like The Huffington Post, Business Insider and Fast Company. The best part: Jon includes contact information for each publication, include the editor’s name and is changing essay, email address, as well as specific tips on biology how to pitch your idea. Whether you write about personal finance, parenting or photography, you’ll find several great options here. Cause Effect. No, not blogging for Google. Searching using the right queries can help you find all sorts of interesting blogging gigs. Plan. Try searching for How nursing “[your topic] + write for us” and see what pops up — you might find paying opportunities you hadn’t considered. Play with the a2 coursework plan wording and reflective on christmas, search for your niche plus keywords like “contributor guidelines,” “submission guidelines” or “how to biology, contribute” to find paid blogging opportunities that are listed on the company’s website. They’re likely less overwhelmed with pitches and review, applications than companies that list their needs on job boards.

Yes, all that time you spend on biology a2 coursework plan social media could actually help you land jobs. Beyond letting you showcase your writing for essay other clients, Twitter helps you find blogging opportunities in a few different ways: Search for blogging jobs: Simply type “blogging job” or “write for biology a2 coursework plan us” into the search box. When I did, I found several advertised blogging opportunities, like this one: — FindLaw Consumers (@FindLawConsumer) March 18, 2015. Check hashtags: Clicking on essay homelessness cause hashtags like #blogging, #bloggingjobs and #writinggigs can help you find newly posted jobs.

Many of these opportunities come from Craigslist, though, so do your due diligence before applying and biology a2 coursework plan, look for gigs where you work directly with the client, rather than applying to an anonymous “content company.” Follow your favorite bloggers and editors: Congratulations, you probably already do this! Following bloggers in your niche means you’re perfectly positioned to pounce on essay homelessness effect any opportunity, like when a solopreneur decides to a2 coursework, bring on a blog assistant or a popular blog starts paying for guest posts. To keep these important tweets separate from the rest of your Twitter stream, use a Twitter List. Here’s one tweet that popped up in essay of women society my feed: Introducing Strand, @HakaiMagazine#8216;s daily blog. I#8217;m the editor. Pitch me: Guidelines: — Colin Schultz (@ColinS) February 11, 2015.

Follow other freelance writers and bloggers: Everyone wants to plan, share their work, right? When you see another blogging or writer tweet a link to their work on a blog or publication you’d love to write for, check it out. Feel free to favorite or retweet it, and check out the is changing the world essay site’s contribution guidelines for more info. Your clients already know you do an awesome job, right? See whether they need your help with blogging as well. Biology. If you’re handling a client’s social media strategy , ask whether they need support with their blog. After copywriting a fantastic sales page, mention your ability to use those same ghostwriting skills to write a blog post or two in the company’s voice. Reflective Essay On Christmas. Or maybe a client needs help spreading the word about her services — could you help her contribute guest posts to popular blogs in her niche? You’ve already proven your skills and reliability to your client, so make the most of the relationship.

No, blogging isn’t a path to riches. Biology A2 Coursework Plan. But wouldn’t having clients come to you be easier than chasing them down on job boards? Showcase your talents on your blog and share examples of your work for past clients. Ensure you have a clear and compelling call-to-action to make it easy for clients to get in touch. Where will you find your next blogging job? Finding paid blogging jobs isn’t the essay homelessness easiest thing to do on the Internet, but it’s not impossible, either. Hone your writing skills, learn how to write a killer headline, craft a brilliant pitch email and start finding opportunities using the resources on this list. And on behalf of editors everywhere: Read the submission guidelines. If you don’t, your blogging brilliance might never make it past the editor’s inbox. Where did you find your most recent blogging job?

How do you find new blogging clients? Share your stories in the comments! This post originally ran in 2015. We’re sharing it again because it’s such a great resource! About the Author: Heather van der Hoop. Heather van der Hoop is a senior editor at The Penny Hoarder and was previously assistant editor of The Write Life. Outside of work, she can usually be found playing Jeopardy!, reading about the latest scientific advances and biology a2 coursework, climbing rocks, mountains, and trees. The Freelance Blogger#8217;s Client Hunting Masterclass. In this online course, Sophie Lizard will teach you EXACTLY how to find and win high-paying clients, with real-life examples from her freelance blogging business.

I have a website and a blog. Require newslike 200 word article for my blog. I prefer to post in blog daily. So, I expect 20 posts per month. It#8217;s a blogspt blog. I prefer article with long tail keywords and queries with breakout in google trends. Please contact me at @smartwomanguide. Thanks for sharing this opportunity for writers.

Is this a paying opportunity? Do you have contributor guidelines writers can check out for more information? TWL Assistant Editor. The same question arises in my mind. In my past experience when we go for price conversation, the price money for 500 words is offer like $1 #128577; How can overcome this problem. I would be interested in review more information as well. I also have a health website and a blog.

Require 450 word article for my blog for every day. It’s a wordpress blog. I prefer article with short and biology a2 coursework plan, long both tail keywords and book essay, queries with breakout in google trends. i have also a website that have a long list of biology a2 coursework, seo website. Please contact me at @savanichetan. How Technology The World Essay. Hello, my name is Stephanie, I am a great writer who knows what it means to put up engaging posts. I also have adept knowledge with CMS softwares like WordPress and wouldn#8217;t mind to put the a2 coursework plan posts on your website if you are too busy.

You can contact me on skype @stevy512. I can write, website profiles, blog posts, affiliate marketing articles etc. this post made me inspired on essay homelessness cause making a blog. I’ve been observing several youtube Vlogs (video blogs) and I plan to make a web blog soon. I am interested. I am a professional blogger. I can be contacted at I am Editor-in-chief in a Publication for career and education books. I have written 40+ books and edited 600+ books for school, college, university and career education. I have written many articles on burning topics of national and international importance. I am interested in blog writing. Hi, I have a writer friends.

I think she writes very well, but she writes about a2 coursework motivation, neurology and education and health. How she would be able to is changing the world, help you? What would she got in return? Thanks for the amazing resources, Heather! Thanks also for featuring my list of 110 websites that pay writers #128578; You#8217;re welcome, Bamidele #8212; I love sharing great resources for writers and bloggers, and your list certainly qualifies! Thanks for taking the time to put it together.

Wow, thank you for putting together such a great list. Now I have something else to biology, put on the to-do list this weekend #128578; I#8217;m glad you enjoyed it, Jason! TWL Assistant Editor. Great list Heather! One of the job boards I follow that I#8217;ve found VERY valuable is essay,, they#8217;re updated daily with dozens of plan, jobs. However, I#8217;ve noticed that The Write Life#8217;s job board is even more extensive so I#8217;m going to reflective essay, have to pay more to your job board. Thanks for a2 coursework sharing another resource, Daryl #8212; and for the kind words about our job board.

TWL Assistant Editor. this post made me inspired on making a blog. I’ve been observing several youtube Vlogs (video blogs) and I plan to make a web blog. This is a bit belated, but I just wanted to say thanks for mentioning the All Indie Writers#8217; market directory. The blog also features a post with 35 blogs and websites where you have the opportunity to earn $100 per post (and in some cases much more). The updated version goes live on essay the site tomorrow (Monday) taking it to 38 sites (even with 11 having to be eliminated due to plan, changes in their writers#8217; guidelines or rates).

The new version will replace the old one tomorrow at the link below: You#8217;re welcome, Jenn #8212; thanks for creating such a great resource! Thanks also for sharing this list. It#8217;s great to see so many opportunities to earn $100 or more! Thanks Heather. I was happy to find so many new ones this time around. On Christmas. But unfortunately 11 of the original 35 had to be removed. Biology. I was surprised that in less than eight months since the How nursing has changed over list was last updated that so many of them wouldn#8217;t meet the biology a2 coursework plan requirements anymore. At that rate, it might be something I need to re-evaluate a bit more frequently. Yes, there#8217;s a lot of fluctuation in essay on the these types of lists. Biology A2 Coursework. That#8217;s one reason I love posts like yours that get updated!

Thanks for book review this list. A2 Coursework Plan. Having it all in one place is great. Role In Developing. I see that Elance is conspicuously absent. Has anyone had success there? Thanks for plan your comment, Kate. Yes, I intentionally left out the bidding sites because of the ratio of #8220;$5 for 900 words#8221;-type gigs to better-paying opportunities.

You#8217;ll find quite a debate over the merits of over, sites like Elance and biology plan, oDesk in reflective essay on christmas the comments of this post, though, and several readers said they#8217;d found good clients on those sites. This is brilliant, Heather! You have compiled a TIMELESS list of biology a2 coursework, COMPILED resources awesome. Thank you I can start earning from mid-June, so this will definitely help jump-start my career 3. I#8217;m glad you like the for sale in south africa list, Kitto! There are so many great places to find blogging jobs #8212; good luck! Thanks for plan the list. You#8217;ve done a great job actually. Nice to have all this information structured and complete. I#8217;m glad you found it helpful, Pimion!

TWL Assistant Editor. Thanks for Sharing such a valuable content. This is one of the most informative blog for job seekers we liked it very much thanks for the posts hoping for more blogs. Review. is a free and unlimited job and resume posting site for tech talents. Ideal for Free lancers, IT consultants, and HRAgencies. Thanks for sharing such an informative blog with us. Great article on sites to find paid writing jobs.

I love you blog and will continue to follow your posts. Thanks for sharing a wealth of valuable information. very informative blog need more information please vist jobs in a2 coursework agri. The World Essay. Thanks for a2 coursework plan provide this list to us. Book Essay. I think this will help me. A2 Coursework. hello, in these times it is difficult to get work, especially if we talk about a good job. I like to have flexibility in my work but that not all companies offer it.

I#8217;m looking for alternatives and I#8217;m trying to essay, work in the freelance world so far will. I#8217;m working with projects offered by this site Freelance Work: workingfreelancer and I think quite useful, I had some gains that makes me think that in the future could devote to this. A2 Coursework Plan. I have also tried several blogging jobs and even experienced ghostwriting for busy bloggers. Role. It’s fun. I get paid to a2 coursework plan, what I love doing and I get to stay at cause effect home and see my two little boys grow. Currently my online job allows me to earn a lucrative income and save whatever my husband provides. Hopefully my online career would flourish more this coming year. Biology A2 Coursework Plan. To ensure this I have check CompareBroadband website to be able to secure the most efficient internet service that will work for essay cause me.

I haven’t turn back ever since. Thanks for providing this type of biology, article for reading. awesome article do visit this site if are waiting for recruitment overseas job vacancy in nepal. You#8217;ll also get a free copy of How nursing has changed over the years, The Freelance Writer’s Pitch Checklist.

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example of essay and degrading system. The varied settings of the stories range from Maryland to Massachusetts, from plan, New Orleans to New York City. Antebellum southern slaves lived in family units. The one or two-room cabins in the slave quarters usually housed one family each, albeit more than one family sporadically occupied one shelter. Slave families tried to live a private life that allowed them to be more than a slave. They married and raised children which placed meaning to their lives. In 1860, about half of. Genogram Narrative Family Systems Essay. This church is essay a branch off of the Mormon Church. As my parents grew older and were away from their families, they each began searching the a2 coursework plan, Bible and felt that the church they had come from was not Biblically sound, and together they made a decision to leave the essay homelessness effect, church. They began searching for churches, and biology a2 coursework eventually found the Church of the Nazarene.

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Family values are important to shaping children’s. colonists’ ongoing need for essay on christmas territory and expansion. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! Therefore, on June 20, 1675, the King Philips War began (Schultz and Tougias 18). How Nursing Has Changed! Rowlandson’s narrative begins with the plan, Indians wreaking havoc on wallpaper in south, the town of Lancaster. A2 Coursework Plan! For example, her second line sets a foreboding tone for the rest of homelessness cause, her narrative by describing a brutal attack on biology a2 coursework, a helpless family: “There were five persons taken in one house; the father, and the mother and a sucking child, they knocked on the head; the other two they took and. Example of Braided Narrative Essay. On his days off, my father would take me there to reflective play games and eat pizza. Filled with bright flashing lights, fun filled games and amazing food; it was a place of fun and a mecca for a2 coursework plan all young children.

Usually, I would just sit and over eat pizza and play in the ball pit. But this particular time that we went, I wanted to play a game. Being the child that I was, I just wanted to hop right up to it and go. My skeptic father on other hand just sat back and watched the people in front of a2 coursework, us play. This.

Descriptive Narrative Essay example. She heard people telling everyone else who to vote for, yet she did not hear her name. All of her life, she dreamed of is changing the world, becoming Homecoming Queen, but how could she if she was not even royalty? Everyone voted, yet she still did not put her own name down because she felt as if she should not vote for a2 coursework herself for anything. Lindsay did not want to hear the results of who would be on reflective, the court that night, but she was surprised. When the principal announced her name as the third representative of her grade. Training and Narrative Report Essay. on narrative report OJT in hotel at . Narrative Report For Ojt In Hotel And Restaurant Samples : Hotel .

Narrative Report For Ojt In Hotel And Restaurant Samples. Hotel And Restaurant Industry. Report For Scottish Executive Education And Young People Research . Example Narrative Report of Ojt for Hotel and Restaurant . - Docstoc Feb 1, 2011 . Example Narrative Report of Ojt for Hotel and. Structure of Personal Narrative Essay. to clearly indicate to the reader what happened first, next, and last. Some time transition words are next, finally, during, after, when, and later.

Transitions In a narrative essay, a new paragraph marks a change in the action of plan, a story, or a move from action to reflection. Paragraphs should connect to one another. For example, the end of one paragraph might be: “I turned and ran, hoping the bear hadn’t noticed me”, and the start of the next might be: “There are many strategies for surviving. How they’re being treated like they’re not humans. Tubman wants them to o something to stop slavery. Another element was how they would emphasize the cruelty of the wallpaper for sale, slave masters in a2 coursework plan the slave narratives. Many accounts go in to detail of many of the things the masters did. For example, many recall witnessing or experiencing the whipping themselves. 'It is better that a dozen slaves suffer under the lash, than that the overseer should be convicted, in the presence of the slaves, of having been at. Narrative therapies can consist of breaking down the problem in the creation of a new narrative that creates a new story in the client’s life.

Part One: Narrative Therapeutic Approach Daniel (2009) states, narrative articulation of a client’s experiences are an essential component in many forms of therapy. Narrative Therapy’s foundation is centered upon the “narrative metaphor – the idea that our sense of reality is organized and maintained through the stories by cause, which we circulate knowledge. arrived back at our condo around ten. The best part about that night? The fact that no one remembered there key thinking that surely someone else would bring theirs. Every locksmith in town was closed so we ended up sleeping in the Escalade. The family adventure of ‘07 turned out to be so much more than what any of us had bargained for. Besides the few predicaments above, there were many other miscellaneous mishaps on the way home as well. However, as crazy as that trip may have been, I had more. and went back closer to the mother.

I held her daughter’s hand and could feel the energy of how scared she was. Biology Plan! All I could think about was the worst-case scenario: what if she died? Where would this precious little girl go? Did she have other family to take care of her? The ambulance. return back home to visit should not be called a return, but merely a passing by. By changing from “Dee” to “Wangero”, it is as if she has never existed in the first place.

Another similarity I found is a bit complex, but also relates to a sense of family. It occurs when Dee says, “I couldn’t bear it any longer, being named after the people who oppress me.” (280). This means that Dee feels she is being held back from her culture not being named something more close to essay homelessness what her background is and that. Essay on Book Critique Family to plan Family. In the final chapter of the book, the writers detail the importance of Biblical based evangelism for all of those persons involved in the family unit.

The writers advocate what they call the FIRM approach to evangelism, which involves: F - ask about family, I - ask about their interests-listen, R - ask about religion-listen, and M - share the is changing the world essay, message (114-115). Lastly, the writers provide some practical methods for sharing the Gospel, which include some scripture memorization and tips on a salvation-testimony. For example one day I met a girl in university that was the first day of my university life when I met that girl the first thing that came in my mind is that she will be very polite and sincere friend of biology, mine. I observed her many times and always she proved herself. That was my talent by which I got a very nice and good friend.

Observing ability saved me from many hurdles. It saved me from bad company and essay falling into plan, many bad habits. My talent also saved me from cheaters. It helps me to build self-confidence. Comparing the Narrative Voice in for sale in south africa The Storm and plan Hands Essay example. The narrator utilizes a subtle approach that leaves the How nursing has changed, reader believing that Calixta’s love for Alcee is biology still alive and that the effect of the storm arouses the former passion in the unsuspecting couple. This is quite evident in the narrator’s description of Calixta’s emotional state as she glanced up at Alcee the fear in her liquid blue eyes had given place to book a drowsy gleam that unconsciously betrayed a sensuous desire (Chopin 363).

Alcee is also aflame with passion when he looked in biology her eyes. discontinuation of the family name is an extremely strong suggestion that they cannot be deemed a family at all. For the two rarely come into contact; very much satirized in essay the novel and a subject of biology a2 coursework, irony. Frank had never visited his father in his home and it is the world essay heavily suggested that Frank’s later residence is only because of the convenient location of his lover, Jane Fairfax, who is also situated in Highbury. The evident weakness of family relationships within the discussed families can be used. impact they have on the audience, not because of the nature of the a2 coursework, story but because the audience will see it from different perspectives allowing the viewer to draw his/her own conclusion unlike linear narratives where the viewer is forced on a ‘what you get is what you see’. Wallpaper For Sale In South! Crash is a perfect example to demonstrate the opposite of this, since the film strongly revolves around racism the viewer sees the story from the stereotyped ‘young black gangsta’ and the ‘white racist cop’ instead of only seeing. Personal Narrative - Graduation Day Essay example. This is one of the most important rites of passage in my life and I don’t feel the difference.

The only biology a2 coursework plan kind of change I felt was being uncomfortable. We all had to dress up in underneath our robes and I was sick of it. I knew that I would start to on christmas become sad but not until later. Amber is already sad and biology almost crying over on the of women in developing any mention of the future and leaving friends. She’s the one of the three who is personable and Ann and I knew she would deeply feel the affects of graduating. Biology! Even though Ann. Personal Narrative - Randomness of essay, Human Relationships Essay example. It's merely an excuse.

It allows us to think of plan, friendship as a connecting force that flows through the essay on christmas, universe, inviting already-compatible people to make acquaintance. [The in] allows us to biology plan think of friendship as a connecting force that flows through the wallpaper for sale in south, universe, inviting already-compatible people to make acquaintance. Consider how you met your friends. You probably remember most meetings as lucky encounters in which you were statistically quite fortunate to meet someone so similar. If we. In this way, narrative therapy is comprehensive since it does not merely focus on the future, and biology plan only the future. It also explores the past as a means of dealing with the future in book essay a more effective way. The belief by narrative therapists that the narrative is multi-dimensional allows great latitude for biology a2 coursework those that are trying to solve their problems, rewrite their stories, and move forward with their lives (Morgan, 2000). II.

Origins of Narrative Therapy The history of narrative therapy is How nursing the years very. Essay on Integration of Narrative Therapy Hristian Counselling. Narrative therapy’s philosophy fits within the parameters of plan, this terminology. Narrative Therapy is book review essay quite unique in its philosophy and techniques (Payne, 2006, p.158) Michael White and biology plan David Epston re-considered numerous reputable therapies that were used with families throughout Europe and North America, and implemented fundamental aspects within narrative therapy, these included “history of ideas, postmodern philosophy, social psychology, anthropology, feminist theory and literary theory” (White. Though I cannot speak for other families, I can cite my own family life as being part of the on the, reason for the problems that I work through today. As Ehrenreicht says the Family is the place where we go for comfort and to relax, but it is that very notion of family being a safe haven makes it all that much worse when problems inevitably arise. The popularity of plan, therapy groups that Ehrenreicht refers to really show that there is a major problem with our ideas about wallpaper family. Knowing that there is a problem. madwiggins/sister_flowers.html) When she chose to smile on a2 coursework plan, me, I always wanted to thank her. ( madwiggins/sister_flowers.html) “The action was so graceful and inclusively benign.” ( madwiggins/sister_flowers.html) “The last way narrative is different from descriptive writing is they both captures the audience attention and give detail information about the essays. It appeals to in south africa your sense of smell, taste, hearing, seeing, touch. “My judgment is a2 coursework plan that rich undergo cruel trails and. The rules of every family operate to a set of principles.

An example may be that when dad talks, everyone listens, and this rule differs from culture to culture. The role of every individual in the family varies and each family member has a role they must adhere to. Reflective Essay On Christmas! Many families alter the rules and roles as time changes within life. Both verbal and non-verbal communication is important in biology a2 coursework family structure because this is the way information is passed between one another. Proximity plays a large. Essay Photographers Build a Narrative Story. morbid piece for reflective essay the Victorian era, constructed from five different negatives to create a scene depicting a girl on her deathbed surrounded by her family. While this was not accepted by biology a2 coursework, critics and audiences at the time due to believing it was not a suitable subject, the photograph shows the early interpretations of constructing and role of women society staging a narrative type image in plan a photographic form.

It could be considered as a very early suggestion of a cinematic still, where we as an audience are questioning. Narrative Standpoint Mill on the Floss Essay. autobiographical, it is on the role in developing society not just a regurgitation of Eliot’s life. Maggie, after all, never permanently runs off with the man she loves. In many ways Maggie is the version of Eliot that never break off with her family and struck out on her own.

The Mill on the Floss is a novel whose characters and narrative styles ties in with autobiographical details of George Eliot. The narrator provides us with an in plan depth perspective into all of the characters and gives us knowledge their thoughts and. Compare and Contrast: the Advantage of Narratives over Descriptive. are in free form while in narrative writing, are more structured. While narratives typically use the first person point of view, descriptive essays generally use a second person point of view. Narratives are interesting because they tend to book be written in different voices either first person or third person.

Typically, narratives are written in first person. Writing in first person gives the essay personality. In “I Want a Wife”, the author uses this technique. For example: “I want a wife who will.

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How to Make a Professional Resume in Google Docs. The internet is plan, full of resume templates, ranging from free to professional templates with both ugly and great ones in each category. How Nursing Has Changed Over! While there are also templates for Google Docs available, there is no better feeling than creating something from scratch and on your own. Regardless of biology a2 coursework plan what you may have heard, Google Docs has plenty of wallpaper in south features to make beautiful, modern documents with. It's the perfect too to use to build your next resume with. In this tutorial, I'll show you how make a resume in Google Docs with a professional design.

We'll make a great looking resume from scratch, and a2 coursework plan cover an easy to follow workflow from start to finish. Before we begin, you can preview the final resume design that we'll be creating. Do note that since Google Docs is a web app, you'll need to be online in any modern browser—I'd recommend Google Chrome —to complete this tutorial. 1. Start Your Google Docs Resume With a Header. To create a resume with Google Docs, first open your internet browser and go to If you do not have a Google account, you will need to cause effect, create one—it's free, and will just take a few seconds to signup. Once you're signed in, open Google Docs and start with a new blank document ( File New Document ). If you plan to print this document later, it may be a good idea to select File Page Setup and biology a2 coursework set the paper size to A4 or Letter depending on your location. The difference in essay on christmas, the actual size is quite minor, but it can cause problems when printing.

You can keep the biology a2 coursework plan, margins default to 1 inch on every side. Start with a blank document. When designing this Google Docs resume, we will go from the top to the bottom of the page, which means that the essay homelessness, first thing will be the header. Biology A2 Coursework Plan! It will include your name and the address (and optionally other contacts such as email, your personal website, or social media profiles like Twitter). We want to have the name and review the address next to each other, Google Docs supports up to three columns in a document, but for this resume project we need more. Just like in the good old days of early web design, we will use tables to accomplish this task. Select menu Insert Table and select table size 2x1 as shown on biology plan the screenshot below. Inserting a new table into for sale africa your new Google docs resume. Right after inserting a table, grab the middle divider between the a2 coursework, cells and move it more to the right to make the second column much smaller. The actual size is not that important as we will most likely tweak it later.

Resizing columns in Google Docs. Type the name into the first cell, and essay the address into the second one. Select both cells and change the font to Droid Sans from the font drop-down menu. Setting a different font face. It would be great to have your name in some more distinctive font, but the default list is intended for biology plan body text. To gain access to more fonts, open the font dropdown menu again and select the How nursing, More fonts option.

Selecting the More fonts option. On the drop-down menu that opens, the list of available fonts is much larger. Biology! Select, for example, the Arvo font, and wallpaper for sale click OK to biology a2 coursework plan, add it into the font drop-down menu. With so many nice-looking fonts, you may want to add more than just one, but remember that it is better to keep the font count to a minimum. For our resume, two fonts will be enough—one for the heading and one for the body text. We can still use different sizes, colors, and bold or italic variants. Adding the Arvo font into the font list. Change the font for the name to the Arvo and increase the book, size to 30 pt from the plan, font size drop-down menu.

Setting a different font size. To make the second line more visible, set the book essay, font to Arvo as well and a2 coursework make it Bold . Now both lines have almost the same width, which looks nice. Note: You can tweak the font size to get it perfect for your name and cause title though. Setting a font for the resume header section. Since we already have text in a second cell, we can change its size so that the biology a2 coursework, right edge of the text is aligned with the right side of the How nursing has changed over the years, page. This will create a visual guideline even when we get rid of the table borders later. Resizing the biology a2 coursework, resume header columns to create visual guidelines. Now select the on the role, whole table, and then select Table Table properties . Select table properties. In the a2 coursework, dialog box, set the Tableborder to 0 pt , to make the borders invisible. Setting a table border to 0 pt makes it invisible.

Here is how our Google Docs resume looks so far. Effect! We have two columns of text: Quick preview of what we have so far. Let's continue with how to make a resume on Google Docs, moving on biology a2 coursework to design additional sections of your resume. 2. Insert a Horizontal Line Divider Below the Header. To visually separate the header from the rest of the page, we'll now add a divider. We can simply select Insert Horizontal line , but there is no way to customize this line. We have to use a different method instead. Here's another method of how to make a horizontal line in Google Docs. On Christmas! Instead we'll select Insert Special characters , and select Geometric Shapes . This section contains a lot of characters for creating tables which we will use later, together with lines in various widths. Select symbol Lower One Eight Block , click Insert , and copy paste this character using the Ctrl-C and biology Ctrl-V shortcuts to fill the entire line.

Insert a special character from the Geometric Shapes section for your horizontal line. Once you have enough symbols, select them and change the book review essay, font color to Light Cornflower Blue 1 from the color drop-down menu. Try to remember this colors name, as we will use the very same color for the more elements later. Setting a different color for the Google Docs horizontal line divider. 3. A2 Coursework! Insert Your Google Docs Resume Body. Now we'll move onto the next step of how to make a resume in Google Docs and reflective focus on the body. For the body of your resume, we also need two columns. The technique is still the biology, same—select Insert Table and set it to 2x1 size. Adding a new table to book review, Google Docs.

We do not want the table to affect the margins. Select Table Table properties , and in biology a2 coursework, the dialog, set the Cell padding to 0 . This way we still get two columns, but no extra space around from the inside. Set the Cell padding to 0 pt to remove unnecessary space. 4. How to Add a Work Experience Section. Keep the in south africa, text cursor in the first cell of the newly created table, and add another table inside this table. This table will be used to display your work experience.

Select Insert Table , and this time, set the size to 3x4 cells. Why this size? The three columns will be used for each work experience to display year, helper graphics and an actual text. We need four rows for four different jobs. You may create more or less rows depending on your needs. Adding a new table for the resume work experience section. As you can see below, we have a smaller table inside a larger one. Plan! Before adjusting this small table, it may be a good idea to add a caption. Simply type the word “ Experience ”, and book essay change the font to Arvo , sized 14 pt . Add a caption for the table. If you already have your resume text prepared, you can copy and paste it into this table.

If not, it may be a good time to a2 coursework, think about what to include in your Google Docs resume. From resume design templates to step-by-step guides of what to how technology is changing the world essay, include on your resume—our Envato Tuts+ series on creating resumes has plenty of tutorials to help. In some rare cases, you may have your old resume printed without the source file available. In that case, be sure to check the tutorial: When typing or copying the biology a2 coursework plan, text, the first column should contain the time period and the third column should be filled with the description of the work.The middle column should stay empty for now. Fill the table with your resume work experience text. As usual, select the whole table, then Table Table properties , and set the Cell padding to the years, 0 . This way there will be no extra space inside, but we still have three columns of text. Set the biology a2 coursework plan, the Cell padding to 0 pt in Google Docs. Drag the borders in between the cells to book review essay, make the right column as big as possible, to biology plan, make sure we keep the book review essay, whole table only on the first page. The middle column can be quite small, as shown on the picture below: Resize the columns to make the third column as wide as possible.

Now it's a perfect time to look at the middle column more closely. We want to have a timeline, with a marker for each date. Biology! The timeline should be made of lines, where the How nursing over, markers could be big plus symbols. Google Docs allows you to insert a drawing, but we would have to update it for each cell, since they have different heights. A much better solution would be to use special symbols. Select Insert Special characters . Insert special characters in biology a2 coursework, Google Docs. In the dialog box, select Geometric Shapes , and locate the essay on the role of women in developing society, line and cross symbols. Insert them into the middle column—if you look closely at biology plan the screenshot below, the text cursor is in the middle cell. Insert line and cross symbols. Keep only How nursing has changed over the years one instance of the cross symbol, but copy and paste the line multiple times until this middle cell is larger than the right one.

To have the biology a2 coursework, lines without any additional spacing and next to each other, select Line Spacing and set it to Single . Filling the cell with the wallpaper for sale in south africa, line symbols. If you have very small gaps between the lines, they are caused by the different font renderings. They will not be presented in a final PDF file. However, they do not look good in here. One way to a2 coursework, solve this issue is to select those symbols and set them to Bold . As mentioned above, keep in mind that the visual appearance of the final PDF file may look slightly different than what you see on the screen. Those tiny gaps between the lines are a perfect example. If you want to be sure the resume output file will look perfect, you can quickly export a .pdf file using File Download as PDF Document and check the visual appearance during the creation. What's great about book essay, a PDF file is biology, that it will look exactly the same on reflective any device, using any viewer application. Checking the a2 coursework, appearance of the exported resume PDF file.

Our timeline looks good, but it's maybe too visible. We can select all the line symbols, and change the color to light gray, using the text color drop-down menu. Set a different, lighter color for the line symbols. Once we are satisfied with the result, we can copy and paste those symbols into all cells in the middle column. Using a menu on the top, set a Center align for the middle column, and a Right align for the left column. Set different text alignments in essay role of women in developing, your Google Docs resume. For the biology a2 coursework, first line of each work experience, we can change the font to Bold Droid Sans and set the same blue color as we have used for the divider on wallpaper for sale the top of the biology, page. Tweaking the graphical appearance of the work details. Here is how our Google Docs resume looks so far. How Technology Is Changing The World! We keep the borders of the tables visible to make the editing easier, but once we're done, make them invisible just like we did for the header. A quick preview of how our Google Docs resume looks so far.

5. Insert a Right Column For Your Education and Profile. It looks like we still a bit of work ahead, but the right side will be much quicker, as we'll reuse some parts already created. Now select the whole left part of the table and a2 coursework plan copy it into the clipboard using the Ctrl-C (Command C on a Mac) shortcut. Select and homelessness cause copying the first column. Move the plan, cursor into the right cell, and paste it using the Ctrl-V shortcut. Paste the copied column in wallpaper in south, your Google Doc. Change the label above the table to “ Education ”, and insert or type in the appropriate data.

In our example, I have used only the first two rows. Biology A2 Coursework! For that reason, I have selected the content of the other two rows, and deleted the text using the Delete key. However, the essay role in developing society, cells are still there. Deleting unnecessary text. Keep the rows selected, and select the Table Delete row function. Deleting unnecessary rows from your Google Docs resume. Finally, we can copy and paste the caption above the biology plan, table one more time, change it to “ Profile ” and add some plain text as shown below: Adding a profile section to your resume. 6. Add a Space in Between the Columns. For this step in how to make a resume in Google Docs we'll add another section and fix a spacing issue.

Looking at the Google Docs resume preview above, you may realize that the space between the How nursing over the years, work experience table and profile text is very small. It would be great to know this right from the beginning, but even now, the update should not take a long time. Place the cursor somewhere over the “ Experience ” label, and biology select Table Insert column right . Warning: do not be scared, this will temporarily ruin the layout, as we'll cover how to fix that. Adding a space between the columns. We indeed have three columns, but the over, middle one is too big and the other two are too small.

New empty column in between. Drag the borders on a2 coursework plan each side of the reflective essay on christmas, middle column to make it smaller, just like shown in the picture below (now everything looks perfect.): Adjusting the size of the middle column to fix the layout. Select the work experience table, and a2 coursework select Table Table properties . Essay! In here, set the Table border to 0 pt to make it invisible. Repeat the process for both the education table and the main table. Set the table border to 0 pt to make it invisible. If you've done everything right, your resume should look like this. 7. Add a Divider on the Bottom of the Page. The very last touch is to add a thicker divider on the bottom of the page. This time we'll use a different method. Select Insert Table and select table sized 1x1 cells.

Adding a new table for the bottom divider on your resume. Open the table properties, set the Table border to biology, 0 pt , Cell background color to blue and Cell padding to 0 . Setting various properties for essay homelessness cause effect the Google Docs table. To change the table height, simply adjust the font size inside this table. Make it as small as possible, which is 6 pt . You may have to type 6 into the font box, since the drop-down menu options start at 8. Changing the font size to change the table height in biology plan, your Google Docs resume.

And that?s it! Zoom out for sale africa, your document to a2 coursework, see the whole page and double check everything: A preview of your finished Google Docs resume. 8. Homelessness! How to Export the Document as a PDF File. Once you are satisfied with your result, name your document. Then, select File Download as PDF Document , and save the biology a2 coursework, file to your computer. Exporting a Google Doc Resume as a .pdf document. Or, if you'd rather export in other formats, check out our tutorial: If you do save the essay homelessness cause, resume in another format, though, be sure to open it on a2 coursework your computer to make sure it looks the same as it did in Google Docs. Book Review! To discover which resume format is plan, best, review the how technology, Tuts+ article: The second option is to directly share the file which you have created.

For more information about a2 coursework plan, this topic, be sure to check the tutorial: With a professional resume design in hand, now all that's left is to send it off to the employer of your dreams. Good luck on landing the new position you apply to. Now that we've explained how to make a resume in Google Docs, you're ready to go. The tutorial ends here, but you should not. Essay On Christmas! Try to biology a2 coursework, experiment a little bit. What about using a different font, colors or dot symbol instead of the cross? Those changes can make your resume unique looking, and they are very easy to do. Go for it and essay be sure to post your creations in the comments!

Editorial Note: This post was originally published in 2014. It has been comprehensively revised to make current, accurate, and up to date by our staff—with special assistance from biology, Laura Spencer . Envato Tuts+ tutorials are translated into other languages by our community membersyou can be involved too!