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The descriptive essay

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Coca Cola Management Strategy Commerce Essay. Published: 23, March 2015. The advent of Cola wars has drastically changed the entire scenario of this soft drink industry. There are different giants playing in this industry and the descriptive, Coca Cola is amongst them. The fierce competitors Pepsi and essay, certain other brands are trying their level best to change the scenario of this industry by eating up market shares but Coca Cola's management strategy is so updated and relevant that they are ahead of their competition. Originating from just one brand 125 years go the strategy of the descriptive essay, Coca Cola has strengthened so much that they have launched more than 500 brands.

The company originated from selling 9 odd drinks in a day in 1886 to 1.8 billion a day in the current era. The company has grown at an enormous pace and starting from essay carson just a single city to the descriptive expanding its operations to more than 200 countries of the world (Coca Cola. 2012). The product actually initiated from a pharmacy and gained so much success after a certain period of time that it is regarded as one of the biggest brand of the world. Qualities Essay. New brands were added by this organization in their company product line and the descriptive, after a certain period of time most of the brands flourished with time (Coca Cola, 2012).

But Coke is considered as one of the biggest brand and the glass by anne, flourished at an enormous pace. The brand has grown in such a way that a new terminology of Cola drinks actually came into existence because of essay, this. Catering to the needs of the customer is the biggest success secret of this brand. They know what the polystyrene, customer is actually asking for and they provide the customer that in such a way that the needs are properly satisfied with it. The history of the organization is quite rich and they have travelled their way facing several leaps and essay, bounds. Coca-Cola has the greatest appreciated product name globally and, as one of the greatest noticeable organizations globally, it has great prospect to thesis biulder outshine in the descriptive essay, every scope of corporate performance (Ferrell, Ferrell, Fraedrich, 2011, p. 308). The organization though has been confronted by many ethical problems in respect with their shareholders. Uncertain about the equality in america, company's widespread contributions to the society and educational aspects, numerous shareholders are losing faith in the 100 year old organization.

or your money back. using our Essay Writing Service! Essay Writing Service. Every research has certain limitations and the introduction depicts that the core research would focus on the strategy management process of the descriptive, Coca Cola and discusses the scenario that are utilized by assisted therapy research the organization. The limitations of research are initiated by the usage of secondary sources in the descriptive, the research. The information are taken from equality of opportunity these sources and it cannot be properly commented that the information presented in these sources are hundred percent right. Moreover, another limitation of this research is that this research should solely be utilized for academic purposes and it should not be used for essay the decision making process for organizational purpose. In the of opportunity in america essay, similar manner it should be noted that this research is essay prepared by an individual and all rights are reserved. Reviewing the strategic planning process that keep this organization competitive in this industry are several factors that are associated with this organization.

The biggest aspect is the fact the formation of a well established mission and vision. In the similar manner one can easily say that all the strategic decision taken by writing classification the management are aligned with the vision and mission of the organization (Hill Jones, 2012). The objectives are designed so professionally that they are achieved within the stipulated deadline in such a way that they organization achieves success in both the short and the descriptive essay, the long run. The mission of the organization revolves around the scenario that they should refresh the of opportunity in america essay, world in body, mind and spirit. The Descriptive. In the similar manner their objectives focus on the scenario that they should create a difference in everywhere they engage (Sevenson, 2001).

The values of this organization are based on leadership, diversity, passion, integrity, collaboration, quality etc. Strategists and decision makers usually claim that the assisted therapy papers, global strategy of this organization is so enormous and gigantic because of the effective decision makers in the organization. Their strategy is up to the mark because the organization is responsive internally and externally. The achieve success in every form because they are aware about the culture of their organization and they generate an essay atmosphere in their organization which results in a win-win situation (Hill Jones, 2012). The collaboration of all the stakeholders that are internal and external generates and great fusion for Coca Cola and essay, that is the the descriptive, reason why it is regarded as the brand with the highest level of animal assisted research, brand equity. The competition in the soft drink industry is quite fierce because of two giant brands which are Coke and Pepsi (Dana 1999). The competition between these two brands is the descriptive essay termed as the Cola Wars. Coca Cola is considered to be the research, leader of this industry and Pepsi is usually criticized by the marketing strategists as the brand that utilizes the imitating strategy. The current scenario is so confusing for both the brands because in order to attack the essay, market leader Pepsi should have a distinctive plan or a sustainable competitive advantage (Mazze Michman, 1998).

The strategies with respect to target market and introduction of a sub brand in the market of both the organizations are relatively the same because both the organizations are striving hard to capture the market share so that they can become the leaders in the Cola industry. Pepsi's market share in Asia is much more than Coke however, besides Asia Coke captures the entire world and this strategy of Coke has taken Pepsi by a storm. The Cola are virtually fought in nearly every country of the world and organization with an effective strategy wins the race (Boutzikas 2000). Equality Of Opportunity In America. Each brand is fighting the battle with different brands and both possess several non-alcoholic brands to get a share in customer's stomach. Since the the descriptive essay, competition is becoming more and more dynamic with the of opportunity essay, advent of time and that is the the descriptive essay, reason why the arena is become much fuzzier and because of this reason the rivals are much difficult to identify and anticipate (Day Reibstein, 2004).

Marked to Standard. Organizations usually learn from their past mistakes and that is the reason why they develop a learning habit to classification essays face any external and internal issues (Vrontis, 2003). Coke made a marketing research blunder which dipped the essay, competitive graph of their brand and they were sinking in the competitive battle with other brands. Coke, due to blind tests changed the taste of the Coke and developed a formula to make it sweeter. Writing. This strategy backfired quiet badly and people started to dislike the name new coke and after a certain period of time they started to dislike the taste too. About $ 4 billion were spent on this campaign and it came out to the descriptive essay be a blunder for the company (Axson, 2011) The current objectives of this organization are to use the formidable assets of the company that is their brands to its full potential and attain a sustainable competitive advantage through globally reaching the maximum customers. There are several different strategies that are opted by Coca Cola to attain sustainable growth. For analyzing the thesis biulder, effectiveness of employed business strategies by the management at Coca Cola Company, critical analysis of current market status of the company has been discussed subsequently.

SWOT Analysis of the descriptive essay, Coca Cola Company. For strategic evaluation of the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and research, Threats which any organization, project, or a business venture comes up with, SWOT Analysis is commonly used. Primary aim behind the the descriptive, conduction of SWOT Analysis is to exhaustively identify what internal as well as external factors are favorably or unfavorably influencing the growth and development of any business (Champman, 2007). Carson. In this section, Coca Cola is the undertaken company for the description and evaluation of SWOT. Globally, the Coca Cola Company has following key aspects as its business strengths: The brand image and equity allied with the company is internationally recognized. The brands and products of the company are strategically distributed all over the world by the descriptive means of strong and efficient distribution network.

The overall financial performance of the therapy papers, company is relatively higher than its competitors. Coke is globally recognized, acknowledged as well as the essay, most preferred brand for of opportunity in america soft-drink lovers. The product-line associated with the company's brand is extensively diversified. Strong and reliable corporate identity. Continues innovation and the descriptive essay, improvisation in business plans and strategies. Coca Cola has following weaknesses on international grounds: Despite of research papers, having tremendous financial performance of the essay, company, it has high rank in credit ratings. Continuously diverging customer concentrations due to other brands in competition, specifically in US.

Customer loyalty towards Pepsi products, which is the biggest and the strongest contender of Coke around the world. In Asian countries, like India and animal assisted papers, Pakistan, Coke failed to acquire #1 position in soft-drink industry. Coke Company has following significant opportunities world-wide: The tremendously escalating demand of soft drinks all over the world. As company has expanded its covered market areas by introducing brands of mineral water, juices, soft-drinks etc, it can reach almost every market segment. Increasing globalization will allow Coca Cola to have certainly globalized business operations. Health Conscious People are being catered. Drastic growth in mineral water demand. Smaller market players' acquisitions.

Following business threats are being faced by the company: Since soft-drinks are considered to be unhealthy; in the descriptive, such scenarios, healthy drinks usually manufactured by the Fruit Juice Companies are imposing business threats to the Coca Cola Company, worldwide. Customers' increasing inclinations towards critical competitors (like Pepsi, etc) Growing financial crisis and therapy papers, thus, prices of products. Biased image perceptions in different countries of the world. BCG Analysis is an acronym for Boston Consulting Group Analysis.

The concept of BCG Matrix was firstly put forward during 1970 by Bruce Henderson for the Boston Consulting Group with the intentions of helping companies in their business evaluation practices on the basis of their business units or product lines (Middleton, 2003). BCG analysis is considered as an essay analytical tool for marketing of brands, product management, strategic management, and essay by anne carson, portfolio analysis. All in all, it helps organizations to allocate their business resources. This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Examples of our work. Components of the descriptive, BCG Matrix: To better understand the essay carson, analytical techniques used in BCG matrix, its core components are described in the segment below: Representing the highly developed business with strong market position and financial performance as compared to the descriptive its competitors. Businesses rated under this category are considered to be ideal with high shares points.

Businesses having low growth rates but higher point shares are recorded under this category of writing essays, BCG Matrix. It is assumed that the businesses recorded in this category were initially stars but somehow failed to maintain their attractiveness over essay time. 3. Question Mark. Businesses having high rates of thesis biulder, growth and the descriptive essay, development but, their point shares are low, are recorded under this category of BCG Matrix. This category is the reflection of heroic qualities, certain potentials that business has for future growth and development but, at the same time, indicates the requirement of essay, extensive efforts to increase point shares. In this category, businesses have both low point share as well as low rates of growth and development. A general representation of equality of opportunity, BCG Matrix is given in essay, the figure below: Figure 1: The BCG Matrix (Source: Middleton, 2003) As far as Coca Cola Company is thesis biulder concerned, the BCG Matrix analysis for the descriptive essay the company is based upon following statistics: Figure 2: Coca Cola's Performance from all over the World (Source: Ahmad et al 2007)

On the basis of afore-mentioned statistical analysis of Coca Cola Company, created BCG Matrix for the company is given below: Figure 3: BCG Matrix for Coca Cola Company (Source: Ahmad et al 2007) Porter's Five Force Model for Coca Cola. For carrying out industrial analysis, The Five Force Model presented by Michael Porter in 1979 is being used as the de facto framework since the writing, time of its introduction. The competitiveness of market is analyzed by Porter's five forces. The current or potential risks that a company can have from its associated industry are concluded by the experts after employing this model. Following five forces are included in Porter's model (1) Threat of New Entrants, (2) Threat of Substitute Products or Services, (3) Bargaining Power of Buyers, (4) Bargaining Power of Suppliers, (5) Competitive Rivalry among Existing Firms.

The industrial analysis of Coca Cola Company and its brands on the basis of this five-force model is discussed below: Threat of the descriptive, New Entrants/Potential Competitors: Median Pressure. As far as beverage industry is concerned, the barriers to writing essays the new entrants are relatively low because the cost of consumer switching in this particular industry is approximately zero with quite low requirements for capital investments. A number of new products have been introduced in the market at relatively lower prices than that of the products and brands of the Coca Cola Company. Threat of Substitute Products: Median to high pressure The consumer markets have a range of alternative products for essay soft-drinks, energy-drinks, juices and equality essay, mineral water. It is an open fact that Coke products lack any unique flavor because its flavor is 97% similar to that of Pepsi as concluded during a blind taste test, in essay, which people failed to distinguish Coca-Cola coke and Pepsi coke.

The Bargaining Power of Buyers: Low pressure. As far as bargaining power of consumers is concerned, Coca-Cola and Pepsi, which is Coca-cola's biggest rival, have almost same market price thus, it has very little or even 0 pressure on the company. However, newly introduced, low-priced beverages are available in markets which can be preferred by classification the consumers but at the risk of flavor and quality. Fruit juices are the most preferred drink for the consumers these days as most of the consumers have become health conscious and the descriptive, thus are aware about the adverse impacts of carbonated beverages. The Bargaining Power of polystyrene vs paper, Suppliers: Low pressure. In case of Coca-Cola supplies all over the world, its suppliers are not concerned about the adverse impacts of such carbonated drinks as they can't afford losing Coca-Cola, which is considered as their fundamental client. Rivalry Among Existing Firms: High Pressure. Pepsi is the biggest competitor of the descriptive, Coca Cola in recent times as it also has variety of beverage products with strong international network. More or less Pepsi and Coca Cola are rated similarly in all over polystyrene the world. However, the essay, target market of Coca-Cola, as per its classical brand image, is the adult community primarily; however, youngsters are being focused by the Pepsi group. Nonetheless, the share market of the US is of opportunity slightly dominated by essay Coca-Cola rather than Pepsi due to animal assisted therapy research its historical business setup.

On the other hand, beverage brands, like Dr. The Descriptive. Pepper, have also become popular in US for the reason of their unique flavors. If Coca Cola Company manages to make the most innovation for creating relations and gaining market reputation, the company can easily left all the qualities, competitors behind and can stay ahead of them in one way or other. Innovation can be the first and foremost option for the company to the descriptive avoid severe market competition. By employing innovative ideas, the company is heroic qualities essay expected to have strong competitive advantage with respect to its rivals. As a matter of fact, Coca Cola has certain market reputation as well as strong brand image; so, with appropriate innovation in the descriptive essay, products by animal assisted therapy research papers keeping customer needs at the descriptive front, the company can generate certain curiosity among its potential consumers in such a way that people will definitely want to go for it. If Coca Cola comes up with innovative products, consumers will leave with no substitutes and thus, they will happily purchase the commodity even at higher prices. With this strategy, Coca Cola can create a range of loyal customers as well (Covering S1, S2, S4, S5, S7, T1, T2 and T3). After innovation, marketing is the animal research papers, most important factor to be mulled over by the administration of the company to maintain its prominence around the globe.

Marketing is considered as the backbone for any business success and thus, is extremely significant factor for the company. Coca Cola can affirm its long-lasting market prominence and reputation by marinating strong brand image through strategic marketing and advertising of allied products. This strategy will also help the company in maintaining strong consumer loyalty towards its brands and can gain consumer preferences over its competitors (Covering W2, W3, W4, O1, O2, O3, and essay, O4). Marketing in an environment friendly attitude can definitely help the company to impose certain barriers to the new market entrants and thus can decrease the risks and threats of growing competition in the relevant industry all over equality in america essay the world (Covering T1, T4, T5, S2, S4, S5, and the descriptive, S6). If Coca Cola brands manage to writing essays sustain their quality and taste in such a way that these two factors emerged as unmatchable for the descriptive rival companies, Coca Cola will be able to reduce severe threats of being substituted (Covering S1, S4, S2, O1, O2, and the glass essay, O3). Coca Cola Company miss-utilized resources of rare water in various Asian countries, like India and Pakistan, which serve as the primary reason of company's declining market reputation in this particular region. This mis-utilization adversely impacted the brand image of the company, as the reducing water levels in essay, cola plant are certainly making the lives of the natives miserable.

To gain positive reputation in the Asian countries Cola Company can follow the measures listed below: Land inspection before starting any project. Assessment of environmental impacts that the project can have prior to start up business operations. The project should be compliant with environmental regulatory requirements. Say NO to refrigeration equipments containing CFC. Efficient treatment of waste water. Adequate operations for of opportunity in america bottling. Commencement of the descriptive, certain programs for energy conservation. Latest technologies for water recycling system should be used by the company for by anne carson saving 50% of water requirements for the operations (Covering W3, W4, and T4) With recycling of plastic bottles, costs and resources could be saved. By employing various innovative recycling ideas in company's business along with appealing advertising of essay, Coca Cola brands can open new market segments for the company.

In due course, company will have higher revenues and of opportunity essay, improved credit rating (Covering W1, W4, T1, T3, and T4). This paper attempted to analyze the strategic business planning of the Coca Cola Company exhaustively. The study affirms that company is in its booming stages and the descriptive essay, is enjoying profitable success and reputation all over the world. However, from a superficial overlook, the afore-mentioned fact might be considered as true; but, in-depth analysis of what business strategies the Coca Cola company has, evidently reflects the existence of certain loopholes due to heroic essay which the company is exposed to certain risks and market threats. Even though company has god market reputation, but innovative and unique brand ideas are required to be practiced so that the essay, credit rating of the company could be improvised. In addition, it was also concluded that owing to severe market competitions, the heroic qualities, company should put much emphasis on its advertising techniques so as to make its market prominence even more visible. Last but not the the descriptive essay, least, Coca Cola company has failed to comply with the health requirement regulations in specifically Asian countries which serve as the reason of its declined reputation in that particular area.

Thus, company has to put much focus on of opportunity, this domain to reduce negative consumer perceptions and to make them loyal with the brand and products. If you are the the descriptive, original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays website then please click on the link below to request removal:

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10 Free Business Plan Templates for the descriptive, Startups. Business plans can seem daunting to someone who has never written one. The business idea itself might be fairly simple to explain, but if you want to apply for a loan, raise investor capital, or simply have a solid, documented direction for your company, you#39;re going to need to writing classification essays, write a business plan. Luckily for entrepreneurs, there are templates out the descriptive there that allow you to plug in all of the information, instead of qualities essay, struggling with formatting and figuring out what you need to include. The Descriptive! There are web-based business plan tools, but you may find it easier to use Microsoft Word and research polystyrene vs paper PDF-based templates. Here are 10 free templates you can download and use to create your first business plan. [See Related Story: The Dos and Don#39;ts of Writing a Great Business Plan] Bplans.com, known as the essay authority on business plans, offers a free Word business plan template, complete with instructions and a table of contents. It also offers standard business plan sections such as executive summary, company summary, products and services, market analysis, strategy, management summary, and financial planning.

Once you register, you will be able to download the materials and choose from a wide range of businesses in different industries in which to base your plan. Whether your business is online, service-based, or a food establishment, Bplan#39;s Word business plan templates are comprehensive and are a great option for beginners and new business owners. Entrepreneur.com provides business tools, with a collection of writing classification, business plans free in the descriptive, PDF, PowerPoint and Word. Heroic Qualities Essay! The templates can be viewed can downloaded through the SeamlessDocs platform. The site includes a template for a variety of specific business types, a business plan model that outlines the the descriptive different parts of a business plan, and customizable templates that allow users to vs paper cups, add their logos and business information.

If you need a guide to writing a business plan, Entrepreneur.com also provides a download for that. This step-by-step business plan builder, offered by essay, Law Depot, covers structure, product marketing, SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats), operations, and details specific to your business in their templates. Once the template is writing, complete, you can download and the descriptive essay print. The plan builder asks specific questions to help focus your answers and makes your business plan concise and comprehensive. MOBI, or My Own Business Institute, is part of Santa Clara University#39;s Center for Innovation and Entrepreneurship. They offer a fifteen-section business plan template, including the business profile, licenses/permits and location, which are available for free download in Word as individual templates, or as a larger all-in-one document. All download are compatible with current and older versions of Word (2003 and earlier). MOBI also covers topics associated with startups, but also provides information on how to run a business, including employee management, how to handle problems, and e-commerce. Office Depot#39;s Business Resource Center contains free business plan samples for retailers, manufacturers and service providers.

The business tools include downloadable rich text format (RTF) business plan templates, which is Word compatible. Excel business plan financials are also available for manufacturers and service providers, while the retailer business plan template is thesis biulder, complete with forecasting and the descriptive financial tables, but this requires Microsoft Word version 6.0 or later. Catering to businesses owned by classification, women, Oprah.com#39;s free one-page business plan templates can be used by anyone who wants to essay, start a business. The PDF templates come filled in with example information for thesis biulder, small consulting businesses, boutique clothing stores and nonprofit organizations, but you can delete that information to the descriptive, be left with a template that works for research vs paper, any business venture. The template has space for information such as vision, mission statement, objectives, strategies and action plans. When you create a free business plan with Rocket Lawyer, you get the advantage of an attorney#39;s advice to make sure your document is essay, legally sound. The template is questionnaire-style and asks for key information about your business such as founders, structure and industry, marketing plans, financial projections, etc.

Rocket Lawyer not only aims at helping you create a blueprint for the glass, your business, but also for investors. The Descriptive Essay! Your completed document is available for equality of opportunity essay, download as a Word document for free with a trial subscription, which can be cancelled during the one-week trial period at no charge. The document is $10 on essay its own without a subscription. SCORE is of opportunity in america essay, a small business resource website that aims to help entrepreneurs launch and grow small business across the United States. Their collection of the descriptive essay, business planning tools includes free Word business plan templates for startups and established businesses. They also provide a sales forecasting template, competitive analysis charts to determine your business#39; strengths and weaknesses, and financial planning templates such as startup expenses, profit and classification essays loss projections, and financial statements.

You can then use these business templates to essay, meet with a Score mentor for expert business planning advice. The Small Business Administration (SBA) offers an online business plan template and classification guide to help you build your business plan, step by essay, step. Equality Of Opportunity! Once you create an account, you complete the cover page by the descriptive essay, filling in your company name, owner name and contact information, and then upload your logo. There are six business plan sections to choose from (Executive Summary, Company Description, Market Research, Product/Service Line, Marketing and qualities Sales, Financial Projections), and the descriptive you can save and work on your file anytime you want. The $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan. Looking for a no-fuss business plan template that gets straight to the point? The $100 Startup, a New York Times and Wall Street Journal best seller, offers the One-Page Business Plan, a simple form that asks several questions you can quickly answer to get up and running.

This free business plan template covers everything from your business overview to finances, marketing, goals and challenges. Other resources that The $100 Startup offers include a one-page consulting business plan, one-page marketing plan, product launch guide and more. Additional reporting by Sara Angeles and Marci Martin. Editor#39;s note: If you#39;re looking for information to equality essay, help you with business plan services, use the questionnaire below to have our sister site provide you with information from a variety of vendors for free. Jennifer Post graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a Bachelor#39;s Degree in Journalism.

Having worked in the descriptive essay, the food industry, print and assisted therapy research online journalism, and the descriptive essay marketing, she is now a freelance contributor for Business News Daily. When she#39;s not working, you will find her exploring her current town of Cape May, NJ or binge watching Pretty Little Liars for the 700th time.

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Crime Causes Effect Essay Examples. Are you in High School, College, Masters, Bachelors or Ph.D and need assistance with your research paper? All you need is to ask for essay help written by a specialist in your academic field. When you buy term papers from us, we offer you an original, nil plagiarized and unique paper written by a dedicated writer who is PhD or Masters qualified. MyEssayservices.com is an experienced service with over 9 years experience having delivered over 83,000 essays over the descriptive the years. The problem of crime has been a constant menace to society. From petty theft to robbery with violence, crime continues to be a migraine to the government of the day. The rise in crime rates over essays many states is alarming, and testament of the essay myriad of challenges that face society. The need to overcome the majority of these problems has led many a government into seeking solutions to a problem of which they do not know the causes. All through the United States of America, the causes of crime seem to be identical in nature. The war the thesis biulder government wages against crime can only be won with a deep understanding of the roots of this vice.

In order to overcome crime in modern USA society, the government must have a deep understanding of the causes of crime, and the factors that lead to increased crime levels in society. The Descriptive Essay. This paper attempts to uncover the causes of animal therapy, crime and essay, the causal linkage, if any, between these causes and the rampancy of crime. Crime persists as one of the challenges societies face. The constant rise in polystyrene vs paper, crime rates the United States over is a certain cause for alarm. This is the descriptive essay, because many neighborhoods, which are at the grassroots of crime, continue to feel the adverse effects of this problem (Darrow, 2009). Many young men and women lose their lives daily because of crime in one way or another.

Many are part of the criminal gangs that control neighborhoods, and even more are victims of robbery and homicide. It is necessary to fix this problem, and the only way to do so is to understand the causes of crime in their entire scope (Burke, Tomlinson, Cooper, 2011). This is because the only way to fix a problem as big as this one is by first understanding its causes. There is a great need to grasp the full understanding of the causes of crime in order to assisted therapy papers, effectively combat this problem. In almost all the neighborhoods in which crime is a constant threat, there are a number of baseline underlying factors that are responsible for essay, this high crime rates. The need to address these underlying factors is high as this is the only way crime can be significantly reduced all over the United States of America. The countless efforts to solve the essay by anne menace of crime in many American neighborhoods is testament of the need to the descriptive essay, understand the causes of crime. Factors such as poverty, low education levels and unemployment have been instrumental in perpetuating this problem. This is because many of the perpetrators of animal papers, crime have been found to have these traits in common.

Based on this, it is necessary to address these factors in a conclusive manner, to prevent further growth of these cancerous tumors that continue to eat away society. Only by addressing these factors, will society witness reduced crime rates. It is mandatory that the causes of crime are understood, in order to reduce the the descriptive essay rampancy of crime in the United States of America. This research is research cups, geared at understanding the the descriptive essay causes of crime in all the heroic qualities neighborhoods of the United States of America (Dressler, 2002). It is aimed at getting the full understanding of these problems in order to solve the problem of crime. By determining the the descriptive baseline causes of crime in of opportunity in america, American neighborhoods, efforts to curb, crime can be taken. Essay. Taking these efforts from an informed point of view is vital in guaranteeing the successful prevention of crime in America. The recent drops in crime rates all over the United State of America have been met with jubilant citizens. These citizens are happy that their societies are much safer than they had been before the surveys were conducted.

However, reduced crime rates do not spell absence of any crime at animal assisted research papers all, seeing that many innocent civilians continue to be the victims of heinous crimes ranging from sexual assault to robbery with violence. The Descriptive Essay. This is a great impediment to society since it highlights the sad reality that the underlying causes of crime have not yet been addressed. The current condition is similar to that of a physician prescribing medicine to soothe the patient’s pain, without actually curing the disease causing the pain. The need for thesis biulder, the underlying causes of crime in the United States of the descriptive essay, America to be addressed is very great. Many civilians suffer because of a few individuals who wield no power per se, except the power of a gun or a club at hand. There is growing concern that the government, in collaboration with its security organs, is doing very little to address the the glass essay by anne menace of crime. These forces are primarily concerned about punishing the perpetrators of crime while paying lip service to the actual causes of crime in the United States of America today. The case of Florida is a good example of the sad reality concerning crime in the American society at the moment. The causes of crime can be defined as biological, sociological or even psychological. This is because the the descriptive essay underlying causes of crime depend on the biological and psychological state of the individual, as well as the social circles in which the individual resides . The deadly combination of these forces is capable of churning out extremely violent, hardcore criminals out of thesis biulder, young men and women.

Among the leading causes of crime in Florida and the United States of America, is peer influence. The Descriptive. A vast majority of the perpetrators of crime, up to essays, 90%, are young men who have been influenced negatively by the descriptive the society in which they live. Peer influence takes advantage of two main aspects to thesis biulder, guarantee success; that is weakness and poor judgment. The nature of many young men and women pushes them into conforming to the socially acceptable standards in the various aspects of their lives. Many of these aspects include drugs, alcohol, sex, money and even fashion. The ability of the few rotten tomatoes among the young men and women to manipulate others into essay, crime as a means of social conformity plays a central role in the propagation of of opportunity essay, crime. Many youths believe that getting into crime will make them popular, will make them respected and will give them the money they need to the descriptive essay, conform in terms of drugs, sex, alcohol and the glass essay carson, fashion. The psychological and essay, emotional weaknesses present in many of the glass essay by anne, these youths prevent them from refusing to conform to ‘socially acceptable standards’.

The fact that many of these youths are unable to control their own wills leaves them at the mercy of the many ‘wolves’, waiting to increase the numbers of their gang members. The absence of a father figure to guide and mold the characters of men in their growth process results, in children raising themselves. Many youths, particularly young men, have been fooled into believing that joining a gang and killing many innocent people, is the way to prove oneself as a man. This has been detrimental in the fight against crime, seeing that many youths grow up with false notions of manhood: notions that revolve around crime, assault and the descriptive, violence. The failure of writing classification essays, parents to control, supervise and monitor their children’s habits also plays a role in crime. A family may be complete, but failure of parents to direct their children in the right paths results, in the descriptive, misguided children that can be easily lured into vices such as crime and prostitution. It is necessary that parents dedicate themselves to thesis biulder, guiding their children in the right paths. Many individuals weigh their possible success against their chances of getting caught and possible punishment, and the result is a no-brainer. Many individuals think about their families staying hungry and without the basic needs and the thought of that force many of them into the descriptive, crime as a means of survival. Although human beings are very different from animals, the heroic world is not much different from a jungle, and only the fittest survive.

Many individuals have to the descriptive, look for a means of survival in order to guarantee that they will live to see another day (Zimring, Hawkins, 2009). The high unemployment rates do little to curtail the spread of crime among the population, seeing that many individuals do not have employment that keeps them away from crime. The correlation between high unemployment rates and crime rates is outright visible, and there is a need to provide employment to many idle youths who have the potential of venturing into crime. It is the dream of many, but very few have the opportunity to witness their dreams become reality in a legal and honest manner. The bulk of the population, which is forced to thesis biulder, contend with settling for way less than they had hoped for, is forced to look for a way of making their dreams realities, as well (Longford, 1958). Many of these individuals engage in crime as a form of getting the money they are incapable of getting legally.

The result is a crime-infested society that sees countless crimes in fraud, petty theft, and robbery with violence and even burglary. This pushes the crime rate in Florida, as well as the rest of America, a couple of notches higher than it was. The fact that this is a difficult feat to achieve in the right and legal manner leaves many opting for crime (Reamer, 2005). The effect that these neighborhoods have on the crime rates is very significant. It instills within the youths, a desire to breakout of the poverty chain they live in at whatever cost. Some of these youths opt to develop their talents, especially in sports and athletics while some opt for crime. The few who make it through the use of their talent successfully breakout of the poverty chain, but the many who fail to succeed end up frustrated and still in the poverty-ridden neighborhoods they desperately wanted to leave. Many of the descriptive essay, those who fail, end up as gangsters or mobsters in their towns and neighborhoods. The result is a big boost to the crime rates of the society in thesis biulder, which they live. The need to have equality in all the neighborhoods, in America, is a pressing one. The Descriptive Essay. It is instrumental in removing the feelings of discrimination and favoritism that many individuals in deprived neighborhoods feel.

The alleviation of these feelings will play a great role in the fight against crime, seeing that individuals in research vs paper, these neighborhoods have one-less incentive to essay, venture into crime as a ‘career’ than they did before these feelings are removed. This will help to reduce the crime rates in Florida and the United States of America (Burkhead, 2005). The case in Florida is not much different from that of the United States in general. Other factors among them deprived neighborhoods, corruption, poverty and unemployment also play a key role in the propagation of crime not only in Florida, but also in America. The causes of vs paper cups, crime in Florida are the same causes of crime in the descriptive, the United States of America. The states of America are all similar in their economic patterns. Heroic Essay. Although some states are richer than others, in every state there are the privileged citizens and the underprivileged citizens. The incentives to commit crime are similar in all states and so the causes of crime are the the descriptive same in all the states of America. The research into crime and its causes are aimed at understanding the causes of crime, not in one of the states of polystyrene vs paper, America, but in the whole of America.

It seeks to unearth the underlying causes that push many youths into the world of crime. It seeks to look at essay the baseline causes of crime in all the states of America and determine if the causes are the same. This research was conducted to highlight the causes of animal papers, crime. The primary audiences that it is targeting include the Federal government, the essay State government, schools and youth. These organs are the key players in the propagation of crime, and possibly the thesis biulder key players in curbing crime, as well. The Descriptive. It aims to enlighten these players on their roles in propagation of classification, crime, and suggest possible ways they can help in the fight against crime. The variables in this study remain to be crime and the causes of crime. Crime is the dependent variable while the causes of crime are the independent variables. The nature of crimes that are committed in the United States of America is very diverse.

However, the underlying causes of crime are all the same. Some of the data sources include journals, research papers, and books that highlight the causes of essay, crime in the United States of America. Census reports from the government will also be used to highlight the population composition of crime prone areas. These reports will also identify the areas most affected by crime and the possible triggers of heroic qualities, crime in these areas. Crime reports by security agencies such as Homeland Security and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) will be instrumental in the descriptive essay, understanding the causes of crime. Data Collection Instruments and Procedures. Data collection for this study will depend on content analysis of the assisted research papers data sources used. The bulk of information that will be collected on crime rates and the causes of crime will most likely be in the form of reports; warranting the application on content analysis as the preferred method of research analysis. The causes of crime in essay, the United States of America form the unit of thesis biulder, analysis for this study. Data Analysis and the descriptive, Interpretation. The causes of thesis biulder, crime in the United States will be sought out following a baseline approach.

The causes will first be grouped as sociological, psychological or biological. This will narrow the varying causes into three groups. These causes will then be analyzed to determine if some are sub-causes of others. This will produce the main causes of the descriptive essay, crime in the United States. The research into by anne carson, the causes of crime has yielded a number of causes that have appeared in all the states of America. It is noteworthy that a majority of these causes are sociological, with very few being psychological. Among the psychological causes of crime in the United States of America are poor judgment and psychological weakness. Many of the perpetrators of crimes are, more often than not, the handymen or women.

The crime bosses do very little to soil their hands. The fact that many of these individuals give into the descriptive essay, pressures to qualities essay, join criminal gangs, is enough evidence of the apparent psychological weakness that many of these individuals suffer. Their inability to stand their ground is responsible for their recruitment into crime. Many individuals that venture into the descriptive, crime do it as a means of survival, and rarely view their actions as crimes. Assisted Therapy Research Papers. Their actions are centered on their survival, and as long as they are not caught, they do not view their actions as criminal offences. This is the essay most common flaw that criminals share. The sociological causes of crime are the main causes of crime. These causes can be further divided into causes within the institution of the family and causes within the society in general.

The causes of crime that stem from the family include lack of love to children, generational cycles and poor parenting. The failure of parents to show their children love results in many children looking for avenues of overcoming the feelings of neglect they bear. More often than not, the writing classification avenue is crime. In many families, crime also seems to be a ‘hereditary’ aspect of their lives. Many individuals, who have ever been convicted of or taken part in crimes, have at least one family member that has experienced the same thing. It is not possible to the descriptive, prove whether this is a genetically hereditary trait, however.

The high rates of absentee fathers push many young men into crime. These fathers are absent either due to abandonment, neglect or serving jail terms. Thesis Biulder. These factors contribute to crime by affecting the institution of the family. This makes the fight against crime a difficult one. Many young children get their perceptions of violence from the media.

From the deep affection of the American public towards crime-fighting superheroes to movies and videogames that depict violence, many youths itch to live out these fantasies. The result is a group of youth that will commit crimes as a result of the actions they witness. The decreased levels of crime over the past two decades are a blessing to the American society, albeit with a catch. This is the descriptive essay, because even though the qualities crime rates in America have dropped, crime still remains a constant headache to the government and citizens alike. The Descriptive Essay. Many individuals continue suffering at the hands of a few individuals that have taken up crime as their ‘careers’.

Insofar as punishing criminals is concerned, the government performs remarkably well. However, addressing the underlying factors that are responsible for crime in society are waters the government is reluctant to sail. This is because the research polystyrene vs paper government is in charge of these issues, and the descriptive, admitting these problems would mean the government will be its own critic. Many of the sociological factors that are causes of crime can be dealt with squarely by the government, but stiff resistance from the government is a hurdle that still must be overcome. The causes of crime in the United States of America include poverty unemployment, peer influence, psychological weaknesses, deprived neighborhoods, media violence, poor parenting, corruption and animal therapy papers, generational cycles. The sad reality remains that these problems cut across all 50 states of the USA, as a testament of the deep rooted nature of the causes of crime in America. America finds herself at a very critical time in history. The Descriptive. The causes of crime are no longer platonic, but instead have become traits that many in society today consider social norms. Crime now gets plenty of praise and is regarded as a means of essay, survival by a significant number of youth. This highlights the danger society faces. Seeing that many of the causes of crime are deeply rooted in society, the fight against crime in the descriptive, the USA is now tougher than it previously was.

The society has reached a point of inflection, in which it must question its morals and assisted papers, social norms if the the descriptive essay fight against crime must be won (Farrington, Welsh, 2007). The recent drops in crime rates do not count for anything; if all the research papers government does is punish criminal offenders. Too much of the descriptive, anything is the glass by anne, poison, and the government has focused on punishment for too long a time. The Descriptive. The time has come for the government to polystyrene, consider a different approach to tackling crime. This new approach dictates addressing the causes of crime in the United States of America.

The government should consider introducing programs that teach the youth how to deal with peer pressure into the education curriculum as early as grade school. The institution of the family must receive more attention from the government than it previously did. The government pays a lot of attention to the plight of children in the event of a divorce or death of parents. The Descriptive. It is time that the government also pays attention to thesis biulder, the upbringing that children in America receive. Unemployment continues to be an impediment to the fight against essay crime. The government should create more jobs than it already has, to stop idle youth from engaging in criminal activity.

The government should set up more stringent regulations governing the display of violence in different forms of media, among them the internet, television and videogames than the present ones. The government must address corruption in security agencies to help in the fight against crime. Bohm, R. M., Walker, J. T. (2005). Demystifying Crime and Criminal Justice. Oxford: Oxford Univ Press. Burke, R. J., Tomlinson, E. C., Cooper, C. L. (2011). Thesis Biulder. Crime and essay, corruption in organizations: Why it occurs and classification essays, what to do about it. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate. Burkhead, M. D. The Descriptive Essay. (2005). Thesis Biulder. The search for the causes of crime: A history of theory in criminology. Jefferson, NC: McFarland Co.

Crutchfield, R. D. (2000). Crime. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Pine Forge Press. Darrow, C. (2009). Crime: Its cause and essay, treatment. New York: Kaplan. Domin, N. (2013). 10 causes of crime. Dressler, J. (2002). Encyclopedia of crime justice: 2. New York: Macmillan Reference USA. Farrington, D. P., Welsh, B. (2007).

Saving children from a life of crime: Early risk factors and effective interventions. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Law.jrank.org (2013). Causes of Crime - Explaining Crime, Physical Abnormalities, Psychological Disorders, Social And Economic Factors, Broken Windows, Income And Education. Longford, F. P. (1958).

Causes of crime. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. Reamer, F. G. (2005). Heinous crime: Cases, causes, and consequences. New York: Columbia University Press. Riedel, M., Welsh, W. N. (2011). Criminal violence: Pattern, causes, and prevention.

New York: Oxford University Press. Sellin, T., Busey, P. R. (1942). Crime: The causes and heroic essay, extent of criminal behavior, its prevention and treatment. The Descriptive Essay. Washington, D.C: National council for the social studies, National Association of secondary-school principals, departments of the National education Association. Thesocietypages.org (2013). Six Social Sources of the U.S. Crime Drop » The Society Pages.

Tipp, S. L., Buggey, J. A. (1991). Causes of essay, crime: Distinguishing between fact and opinion. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press. Weatherburn, D. J., New South Wales. (2001). What causes crime?.

Sydney: NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research. Zimring, F. E. (2007). The great American crime decline. The Descriptive Essay. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Zimring, F. E., Hawkins, G. (1999). Crime Is Not the Problem: Lethal Violence in America. New York: Oxford University Press.

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Hiv and Aids in Sub-Saharan Africa. Using appropriate examples, discuss the implications of HIV and AIDS on development in Sub – Saharan Africa. HIV and AIDS is a critical issue for development in the descriptive Sub – Saharan Africa because of the scale of essays HIV infection and the numbers of deaths that occur in the main productive and reproductive age group 15-49 year olds (Jackson, 2002). The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (2004) donates that the epidemic has caused and is continuing to cause untold suffering among those infected with the virus and among those otherwise affected by the epidemic. The epidemic also has pervasive impact on society and economy.

AIDS affects all socio-economic groups and all sectors, ranging from impoverished subsistence farmers, informal sector workers, domestic workers and unskilled factory workers to top managers, professionals, civil servants and essay (Jackson, 2002). The essay seeks to thesis biulder, discuss the the descriptive implications of HIV and AIDS on development in Sub-Saharan Africa. The paper attempts to discuss how HIV and AIDS have influenced negatively on health, agriculture and thesis biulder food security, education, economy and just to mention a few. Need essay sample on the descriptive essay Hiv and Aids in Sub-Saharan Africa ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. In Sub-Saharan Africa, it appears that HIV and AIDS have profound social and economic effects which impact on development. Evidence from around the world seems to suggest that HIV and AIDS is one of the most pressing challenges facing rural communities in Sub-Saharan Africa. Heroic Qualities Essay? The most affected households are heavily dependent on agriculture.

As a result the pandemic has ended the ability of the descriptive rural African households to produce food and other agricultural products, to generate income, and to care and feed family members. Parker, Jacobsen and Komwa (2009) assert that while prevalence rates have declined over equality of opportunity, time in some regions, and the descriptive essay while availability of antiretrival drugs (ARVs) has reduced the effects of infection in communities where ARVs are widely available, recent studies have shown that the pandemic continues to exert significant negative economic and social effects in affected areas. Parker, Jacobsen and Komwa further assert that HIV and AIDS affects not only the health of infected individuals, but the socio-economic status of the individuals, their families, and their broader community. In addition to the glass essay by anne carson, the direct costs of paying for medical care, HIV affected households experience a loss of labour productivity both from household members who are ill and essay from their caregivers. Equality In America Essay? Furthermore Parker, Jacobsen and Komwa argues that in rural areas where farming is the essay primary source of income and food, decreases in household labor supply can lead directly to reductions in the nutritional status of all household members.

Aim deaths from equality essay, AIDS related illness have drastically affected household economies, reducing human capital, agricultural productivity, and lobour supply, and in turn reversing progress towards meeting other development challenges. Continuous sickness and death in these families reduces the ability of affected households to participate in community and national development. Shocks to households and communities from disease events such as AIDS can reverse development progress, threatening the social and economic sustainability of these systems (Parker, Jacobsen and Konwa, 2009) HIV and AIDS epidemic adds to reduction in agricultural production and food insecurity, as agricultural work is neglected or abandoned due to household illness. The Descriptive Essay? According to Avert (2013) in other countries such as Mocambique, Botswana, Nambia and Zimbabwe, the reduction is likely to writing essays, be over essay, 20%. As in other Sub-Saharan Africa countries, it was generally found that the death of thesis biulder a male reduced to production of cash crops (such as coffee, tea and sugar) while the death of essay a feme reduced the equality in america production of grain and other crops necessary for the descriptive household survival. The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (2004) points out that , the chronic illness that accompany deteroration of the immune system deplete household assets, reduce labour, and lead to reduced crop production. The Ministry further states that, in Zimbabwe, one survey found that agricultural output declined by nearly 50percent among households affected by AIDS illness and deaths. Frequent funeral attendance also affects land use and agricultural productivity. In addition the qualities essay Ministry states that, woman headed households are particularly vulnerable. This vulnerability is especially important because women in rural areas are 1:35 more times likely to be infected than men, and essay they constitute the majority of infections.

This situation negatively affects agricultural production because women provide the bulk of agricultural labour. When a family member becomes ill with AIDS related opportumistic infections, it is usually the woman who cares for the sick person. They then face competing demands to maintain crop production, care for family members suffering from `Aids, and protect their own health. Furthermore the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare argue that admit deaths from AIDS often lead to a loss of traditional knowledge of agricultural practices. Skills may not be transferred to either children or relatives, which has negative implication for food production.

When mothers die, children are usually forced to research vs paper, take the place of adults in the subsistance economy, this increasing child labour and lowering productivity. Overtime, HIV and Aids can contribute to declines in land use, crop yields, and crop variety. FAO (2001) argues that agriculture, particularly food production, is affected in several ways by HIV and AIDS. First, there is a toll on the agricultural labour force. FAO estimated that in the 27 most affected countries in Africa, 7 million agricultural workers have died from AIDS since 1985, and 16 million more deaths are likely in the next two decades. In the most effected countries which include Nambia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa and just to the descriptive essay, mention a few, labour force diseases ranging from 10 – 26 percent are anticipated. Secondly, FAO states that AIDS affects food production, through sickness and death.

Remote fields tend to be lift follow and the total output of the agricultural unit declines. Writing Classification? Switching from labour intensive crops to less demanding ones has been observed, animal husbandry and essay livestock production may decline, post – production, food storage and processing are in period, a breakdown in support services occurs as staff fall ill, and credit for equality in america essay agricultural production may be diverted for the medical care of sick relatives, funeral expenses and food. Thirdly, FAO states that HIV and AIDS can have a detrimental effect an commercial production. On small farms, cash crops may be abandoned because there is not enough labour for both cash subsistence crops. The reported reduced cultivation of the descriptive cash crops and writing essays labour intensive crops by small farmers also affects food availability at national level. Furthermore, FAO states that the impact of HIV and AIDS on agricultural production and food availability well be felt in essay terms of heroic qualities quantity and quality of the descriptive essay food. For example in Zimbabwe, communal argue cultural output has decreased 50 percent in a five year period, largely due to HIV and AIDS.

The production of maize, cotton, sunflowers and groundnuts has been particularly affected. According to the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (2004), the health sector is hit particularly herd by the epidemic. The treatment of opportumstic infections resulting from AIDS is expensive and is straining the delivery of all health services in qualities the country. HIV and the descriptive AIDS patients command a disproportionate share of bed at health centres and hospitals. Increasing expenditures on heroic qualities essay AIDS diverts spending from other health care needs. Essay? The Ministry estimated that the cost of conventional care for classification essays HIV and AIDS related illnesses the the descriptive essay budget by about 60 percent. Health providers are also affected. Some become infected themselves and the glass by anne large numbers suffer from the intense physical and emotional strain of dealing with AIDS patients.

The quality of health services has also been greatly affected due to high AIDS related mortality and the descriptive sickness among health workers. In addition, the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare argues that the epidemic also affects the sector in research polystyrene vs paper other ways. For example, the spread of HIV in the descriptive essay Southern Africa has caused a surge in tuberculosis (TB) cases. This is caused by the immune system which has been weakened by HIV, such that it can no longer control the latest infection and animal therapy papers full blown tuberculosis can develop. Many other diseases are also on the increase due to the descriptive, HIV and AIDS, such as different cancers and meningitis. FAO (2001) i. e. of the new that providing drugs for HIV infected individuals has exorbilant costs; these expenditures are beyond the reach of many governments and most individuals. Treatment costs of HIV and AIDS patients are very high and the increase d burden on government will divert funds from productive investments. Moreover, Avert (2013) argues that taking care of a person sick with Aids is therapy research, not only an emotional strain for household members, but also a major strain on the descriptive household resources. Loss of thesis biulder income, additional care related expenses, the reduced ability of caregivers to work, and the descriptive essay mounting medical fees push affected households deep into poverty. HIV and AIDS impacts education in animal research papers several ways Jacksen (2002) argues that it reduces the pool of personnel as teachers, managers and support staff become ill and the descriptive die, and it increases the costs of maintain educational services and the need for education (to replace staff in all sectors who are dying in rising numbers ). The actual demand for thesis biulder education, however, typically declines.

Jacksen further argues that AIDS impoverishes many families who can no longer afford school fees and uniforms. When their parents die, many girls are withdrawn from the descriptive, school to care for the sick or for younger siblings. In Zimbabwe for example, the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare points out that HIV and AIDS are causing considerable turbulence in the education sector as the epidemic affects the supply of educational services, the demand for education, and the overall management of the system. According to the Ministry of Education, Sports and Culture study in 2002, four out of five school heads say that the epidemic is seriously undermining the assisted papers provision of quality education. The study revealed that teachers are at a high risk of HIV infection.

AIDS among teachers is resulting in increased absenteeism and poor quality of instruction by infected and essay or affected staff. Training costs for teachers and other education officers are rising to replace those lost to carson, the epidemic. Experienced teachers who die as result of AIDS are often replaced by untrained teachers in additional to that the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare further argues that because on AIDS death to an adult results in the loss of household labour and income, children are often required to leave school and remain at home or go to work to compensate for loss and to the descriptive essay, avoid school costs. Orphans often lose the necessary financial, material and emotional support that they need for successful schooling. Wagt and Connolly (2002) point out that, when a parent becomes ill, the by anne carson education of a child is disrupted. There is a decline in school attendance, decline in school performance because children stay home to the descriptive essay, care for sick parents, they have increased household responsibilities and need to care for heroic essay young children. They suffer from emotional distress that interferes with school and they have less money for school expenses.

Although HIV and AIDS epidemic may affect overall economic growth, its economic consequences are more often considered in terms of their impact on household poverty, on the descriptive the economic success of firms and on government revenue and expenditures (Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, 2004). According to the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, economic impacts are most severe for households, this include loss of employment, loss of household productivity and income, increased health expenditures, erosion of savings and funeral and mourning costs. FAO (2001) asserts that at household level a downward spiral of the family or household’s welfare begins when the first admit in a household falls ill. Animal Assisted Papers? There is an increased spending for health care decreased productivity and higher demands for care. Food production and essay income drop dramatically as more adults are affected. Once savings are gone, the family seeks support from relatives, borrows money, sells its productive assets.

Children are forced to discontinue schooling, as the assisted research family needs help and cannot pay school expense. When AIDS patient dies, expenditures are incurred for the funeral and the productive capacity of the household in reduced. In addition, the toll of HIV and AIDS on households can be very severe. Although no part of the population is unaffected by HIV, it is often the poorest sectors of society that are most vulnerable to the epidemic and for whom the consequences are most severe. In many cases, the presence of Aids causes the household to dissolve, parents die and children are sent to relatives for care and up bringing (May, 2008). Victoria (2009) states that child bearing is another major driver of family formation and the descriptive building in Southern Africa. Instead, Victoria states that HIV and AIDS has been shown to essay by anne, exert a downward pressure on fertility in HIV infected people, and to a lesser extent on fertility in the general population in the descriptive high prevalence countries.

In HIV infected people, many factors have been shown to contribute to reduced fertility including biological effects on the fecuadity of HIV infected women and the indirect effects of reductions in sexual activity and new partners, a desire to heroic essay, avoid subsequent pregnancies, the use of condoms to prevent HIV transmission and the negative impact of HIV and AIDS on the quality and stability of relationships. Avert (2013) points out that, HIV and AIDS affect labour, setting back economic and social progress. AIDS damages businesses by squeezing productivity, adding costs, diverting productive resources, and depleting skills. Company costs for health care, funeral benefits and pension fund commitments are likely to the descriptive essay, rise as the number of people taking early retirement or dying increases. Avert further asserts that as the impact of the epidemic on households grows more severe, market diamond for products and equality services can fall. The epidemic hits productivity through increased obseltceism In addition Avert argues that HIV and AIDS has played an important role in the reversal of the descriptive human development in Africa. One way in which HIV and of opportunity AIDS affects the economy is by reducing the the descriptive essay labour supply through increased mortality and illness. Research? Amongst those who are able to work, productivity is likely to decline as a result of HIV related illness.

Government income also declines, as tax revenues fall and governments are pressured to increase their spending to deal with the expanding HIV epidemic. Revenues drop because of the essay declining productivity in the economy. At the same time, expenditure demands increase to deal with the equality in america essay multi-sectoral impacts of the epidemic. In addition HIV and AIDS economically eats government budget, forces companies to employ more people company productivity brought down, government revenue is reduced as taxation goes down and it also affects the investment climate. The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (2004) also asserts that, one of the the descriptive essay most serious consequences of the HIV and Aids epidemic is the rapid increase in the number of orphans has risen dramatically in the country, largely as a consequence of the HIV and AIDS epidemic. In addition, the Ministry of Health and research polystyrene vs paper cups Child Welfare assert that the need to provide care and support for the descriptive essay the large number of orphans is placing considerable strain on by anne social systems.

At the family level, the essay extended family, which has the traditional responsibility to care for orphans, is under ever increasing pressures. Many grandparents are being left to care for essay young children. In other cases, children and adolescents are heading families themselves. At the community and national levels, there is an increased demand to provide health, education, and care for these children. Many (2003) argues that, in many countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, Aids is the descriptive essay, erasing decades of progress in extending life expectancy. In the worst affected countries, average life expectancy has fallen by twenty years because of the epidemic. For example, life expectancy at birth in Swaziland, which has the animal assisted therapy research highest HIV prevalence in the world, is just 48. 7 years. The impact that Aids has on average life expectancy is partly attributed to child mortality as increasing numbers of babies are born with HIV infections acquired from their mothers. However, even though HIV and AIDS have negative impacts on the socio-economic development, it also have some positive impacts, especially on the descriptive essay the socio-economic development. The prolife ration of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in Africa, which include the Sub-Saharan Africa created employment for many people.

Creation of employment has led to the reduction of poverty as those infected by HIV and AIDS epidemic are employed in these organizations. The infected and affected are also given food and this has reduced poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa. Some organizations also provide funds to assist the orphans through payment of school fees. To conclude, HIV and AIDS have drastically affected household economies, reducing human capital, agricultural productivity, and labour supply, and in turn reversing progress towards meeting the Millenium Development Goals agreed upon by leaders from around the world in 2000. It in turn reverses progress towards meeting other development challenges. HIV and AIDS affects not only the polystyrene cups health of infected individual, but the the descriptive socio-economic status of the essays individuals, their families and their broader community. The social and economic impacts of HIV and Aids include health, agriculture and food security, education, economy and orphans.

To a lesser extent, HIV and AIDS has contributed to the creation of employment through the proliferation of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs).