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Imperialism essay africa

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bsc edu thesis BSC catalog advanced search. Journals available online. Alphabetical listing by imperialism essay, title. Alphabetical listing by subject. Databases the library is trying out.

Guides for courses subjects. Who we are; how to reach us. How to conduct research. BSC has borrowing privileges. research Search the Catalog Databases by Title Databases by Subject Database Trials EJournals Research Guides Research FAQs Contact a Librarian ILL Book Request ILL Article Request Other Libraries for students Appointment Request ARC Tutoring Math Tutoring Writing Center Equipment Info Equipment Request Study Room Request New Student Info for faculty Library Instruction Place an high term requirements Item on africa, Reserve Purchase Request Form New Faculty Information general information Hours/Calendar Directions/Map Policies Guest Information About the Library Giving to the Library Meet the Library Staff Archives Digital Collections BSC Archives North Ala. UMC Archives BSC History Digital Collections Library Special Colls. FAQs and academic paper writing Contact Info Socialize! Facebook Blogger YouTube. Over 40 million peer-reviewed full-text articles on general subjectsincluding physical sciences, technology, medicine, social sciences, the arts, theology, and essay africa literature (1980-present). Academic Search Premier.

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Content from hundreds of reference books in a broad range of subjects. Links to databases the library is trying out for essay africa a limited time; let a librarian know if you use the databases and would like to see them added to the permanent collection. Dictionary of Literary Biography. More than 13,000 biographies plus critical full-text essays on literary figures from all eras and genres. Discovery System.

An easy way to get started with research, returning a broad and general list of results, which will help you focus on your research goals. A growing eBook collection of about 50,000 titles spanning all academic subject areas; manybut not allare included in the BSC catalog. EBSCO host EJS. Formal. A gateway to other databases. See individual entries for detailed descriptions. Imperialism Africa. EconLit. Subject indexing and abstracts of journals and collective volumes, books, dissertations, and working papers concerning economics (1969-present). Educator's Reference Complete. Covers 1,100 periodicals, 200 reports from the United States Department of Education, including full-text results for nearly half of the titles cited in ERIC. Electronic Collections Online (ECO) A full-text collection of 6,300 scholarly journals in a wide range of subjects (1995-present). Encyclopedia of Alabama.

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550 scholarly full-text medical journals plus indexing and high term paper abstracts to others (full text 1990-present, indexing and abstracting 1984-present). Highwire Library of the essay africa Sciences and Medicine. Full-text articles on life sciences from 1500 journals, reference works, books, and proceedings (1995-present). Historical Abstracts. Bibliography of world history from 1450 to the present, excluding North America (1955-present). Historical New York Times with Index. Searchable New York Times in full-text and full image articles (1851-2007). History Reference Center. Full text from 1,990 reference books, encyclopedias and non-fiction books, 150 history periodicals, and 58,000 historical documents. Hoover's Online.

Continuously updated full-text information on public and private companies worldwide. Indexing, images and full-text of popular Hispanic magazines (1999-present). International Music Score Project. Original musical scores from thousands of composers. JSTOR.

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Full text of 500 education journals plus abstracts of additional articles. Project MUSE Scholarly Journals Online. Pratt Essay. Full text of 400 scholarly journals in the arts and humanities, social sciences, and mathematics. ProQuest Newsstand. General academic database with full-text access to imperialism essay 3,300 titles (1971-present). Coarse Work. ProQuest Statistical Insight. A database of national and international statistics; allow users to create their own charts and africa tables (1973-present). PsychArticles. Full-text articles from 80 journals and chapters in behavioral science and related fields. PsychINFO. Indexing and abstracting of three million records in essay, peer-reviewed behavioral and mental health literature; produced by the American Psychological Association (1890s-present).

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Short Story Index. Indexes 117,000 short stories written in or translated into coarse work English that have appeared in imperialism essay, collections and selected periodicals (1984-present). Slavery Abolition, 1789-1887. Chronicles the African-American experience during the 19th century. While subjects run the compare powerpoint gamut and include a fair number of imperialism essay africa titles covering religion and literature (including the Pathfinder , Slave's Friend , Anglo-African Magazine , and Youth's Emancipator ), the bulk are related to slavery and abolition, including titles such as the Freedmen's Record , Genius of Universal Emancipation , The Liberator , The Massachusetts Abolitionist , The Mirror of Liberty , and The National Crisis: An Antidote to Abolition Fanaticism, Treason and Sham Philanthropy . Based on collections of the American Antiquarian Society (AAS).

Slavery in coarse work, America and the World: History, Culture Law. Africa. This HeinOnline collection brings together, for the first time, all known legal materials on slavery in the United States and the English-speaking world. This includes every statute passed by every colony and state on slavery, every federal statute dealing with slavery, and all reported state and federal cases on slavery. Social Services Abstracts. Indexes and abstracts 1,300 publications focused on social work, human services, and related areas, including social welfare, social policy, and coarse work community development. Sociological Abstracts. Indexes and abstracts international literature from 1,800 periodicals and other publications. Essay Africa. Standard Poor's Net Advantage. Authoritative information on companies, industries, and essay funds. Statista. Statista is one of the leading statistics companies on the internet.

With a team of over 250 statisticians, database experts, analysts, and editors, Statista provides users with an innovative and intuitive tool for researching quantitative data, statistics and related information. Statistical Abstracts of the U.S. Comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic conditions of the United States. Imperialism Africa. Literary criticism (175-200 printed pages each) for nearly 600 authors. Ulrichsweb. Detailed information on 300,000 periodicals of application essay all types. Web of Science Core Collection includes, most notably, the Science Citation Index Expanded, the Social Science Citation Index, the Arts Humanities Citation Index, and imperialism africa the Emerging Sources Citation Index. Wiley Online Library.

Access to more than four million articles in health and what wrong physical sciences, social science, and essay the humanities from 1500 journals, almost 10,000 online books, and other works and databases World Data Analyst. Britannica’s information on individual countries. World News Digest. News summaries of domestic and international news with over one million internal hyperlinks, primary source documents, and summaries of suggested research topics (1940-present). WorldCat: Free. An integrated network of the coarse work world’s online library catalogues. WorldCat: BSC Subscription. An integrated network of the world’s online library catalogues.

WorldCat Dissertations. Subject, title, and author guide to American dissertations held in libraries, from 1861 to the present. WorldWide Political Science Abstracts. Indexing and abstracting of the international serials literature in imperialism essay, political science and its complementary fields (1975-present).

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Essay Imperialism in Africa -- Imperialism Africa Government Essays

NASA Prepares for Future Sans Griffin. NASA is confident it can keep a tight bead on imperialism essay shuttle safety despite the impending departure of administrator Michael Griffin, who has tendered his resignation, along with other political appointees, to allow President-elect Barack Obama freedom to pick a replacement if desired. Griffin, a highly regarded engineer and term paper scholar, has overseen the agency since April 2005 when NASA was attempting to prepare to resume flying following the imperialism africa Feb. 1, 2003, Columbia disaster. ďYou donít replace a Mike Griffin and his engineering capabilities,Ē shuttle program manager John Shannon told reporters on Friday. NASA is preparing to launch its next shuttle flight on Feb. 12 when astronauts will deliver a solar wing panel ó the last major U.S.-made component ó to school term requirements the International Space Station.

Griffinís supporters have been lobbying for Obama to retain Griffin, but so far he has not been asked to stay. A petition urging Barack Obama to retain Mike Griffin as NASAís administrator has gathered more than 500 signatures and dozens of comments, pro and con. Scott Horowitz, a former astronaut who worked under Griffin as the head of the imperialism agencyís new exploration initiative, explains why he launched the ďKeep MikeĒ drive. Why did you decide to school term paper start the imperialism essay petition and what do you hope to accomplish with it? Itís no big secret weíre in the midst of a transition here and President-elect Obama is going to contrast get to imperialism essay africa choose whether to coarse work keep the current administrator or choose another one because the NASA administrator serves at the pleasure of the imperialism africa president. I just wanted to make sure that since he has a decision to make that he has all the data available to make that decision. When I was working at a fairly high-level decision-making capacity, one of the formal idioms for essays things I realized is that one of the hardest things about making a decision when youíre high up in the ranks is ĎDo you have all the data?í So this is essay my attempt at collecting data that can be presented to President-elect Obama so that he can see what people think about the term current administrator and that there is a lot of imperialism africa, support out there and term a lot of people do appreciate how good a job Mike has done as administrator. Essay? I for one, believe, heís probably the best thing to happen to what with NASA in 30 years Ö So I wanted to imperialism essay africa see how many people felt the same and thatís what the petition is coarse work about.

People are trying to imperialism essay use it as a place to vent a bunch of different ideas and thoughts and thatís not what itís about. Itís a petition for those who support Mike. Iím just collecting comments and signatures from people who support Mike Griffin as the NASA administrator. Itís really that simple. Do you think it really matters who the essay administrator is?

Absolutely. Imperialism? I think it absolutely matters. Everything rolls from the application top on essay africa down. Give you an example: We had a set of compare essay, requirements years ago for imperialism a program called OSP, Orbital Space Plane, and because the formal idioms for essays leadership at the time did not understand the problem they were trying to conquer, that program failed miserably. The requirements were poor. The concept that led to it Ö was so technically flawed that there was no hope or it ever, ever working. NASA spent on the order of half a billion dollars trying to imperialism essay figure out how to put an coarse work, X-37 (spacecraft) on essay a Delta 4 (rocket) and basically every review of it showed that it failed absolutely miserably and that it would never be safe and that it would never work very well. Nobody at the top knew how to request the right kind of a study and the right kind of analysis so they could make the right kind of decision on the program to move forward. You know, you can have good administrative skills and be a good administrator from a managerial standpoint, but NASA is a very, very technical organization and the things we do are very technical ó flying a space shuttle, sending up all these incredible instruments on all these satellites to all these places.

Being able to wrong with make decisions that affect everything throughout the organization with no technical knowledge, in my opinion, is impossible. Imperialism Africa? You cannot manage that kind of high term paper, organization without knowing. Imperialism Essay? You donít have to be a rocket scientist, but youíd better at least understand enough about it. At this point, because weíre in essay a very huge transition, because weíre retiring the essay shuttle and academic paper writing building the next capability for probably the next 30 years if history serves us correctly ó weíre not going to build another system for africa another 30 years, at least ó youíd better have somebody who understands all the data thatís being studied and presented to them so they can make the term paper right decisions. Scott, the essay comments posted on NASA Watch run largely to the belief that retaining Griffin is a vote for the current hardware design for the new exploration initiative (to return to the moon and travel beyond).

Do you think that itís actually the hardware thatís so important, or is your petition really about Mike Griffin the man ó even if the Obama administration decided to delay or change or do something else with the architecture for the follow-on program? Well, a couple of things. Wrong Gay Marriage? One, Iíve never read NASA Watch so I donít know whatís on it, but Iíll assume that what youíre telling me is africa true. Contrast? This petition is about Mike Griffin the man, about the administrator. We can have another whole discussion on what I believe about the hardware and the architecture (for the follow-on program) Ö Thereís three things you need if you want to be successful. You need clear and concise and stable guidance from the top, which means from the president and Congress.

You need sufficient budget ó and thatís another whole discussion ó which has caused most of the problems that NASA has. Thereís been $12 billion in budget erosion over the last four years. And then you need good, technically sound, stable leadership. Iím only essay africa addressing the last point here and I think itís absolutely critical that whatever NASA is asked to application essay do, that they have somebody with the capabilities that Mike Griffin possesses to lead the agency. I have never met anybody who has the skill set that he does. I have been very impressed. He has changed the whole demeanor in NASA ó the fact that people can openly communicate and voice their views is great. Thereís nobody who is as open and honest and essay has the school paper ability to understand all the trades as Mike Griffin Ö If thereís nothing else you can appreciate about Mike is that heís brutally honest. Itís nice to have that. Maybe a little too much brutal sometimes? Maybe.

You know, I grew up in a world from being a fighter pilot and africa if you think this is brutal, you should go to a debrief after an engagement. You get really thick skin really fast or you donít survive in that world. People just need to hear the truth. One of the coarse work great things I learned in my management career is that hope is not a management tool. Just because you hope something will work, or (think) this is a pretty design, doesnít mean itís going to work. Physics rules.

If you donít understand the rules of physics, youíre going to pay for it. Dearly. Speaking of imperialism africa, truth, could you briefly recount your career arc with ATK (which won a non-competed contract with NASA for the new launch system) and teaching compare contrast essay powerpoint your ties with NASA? Iíll tell you exactly what happened. And just to let you know, everything I do I always consult with the legal people just to avoid any appearance of, or any anything, that might be perceived of as a legal issue. Imperialism? Iím not doing anything to try to game the system.

I was in the Air Force and NASA for a total of about 25 years. I left NASA in high term paper 2004. My wife and I picked a place to raise our children and it happened to be in Utah. Imperialism Essay Africa? After I moved to Utah, because I was going to start a consulting business, I was offered a position with ATK and I took that position. That was the academic term writing end of imperialism africa, 2004.

In 2005, about 11 months later, I applied to formal idioms and then received a request to become the NASA associate administrator for exploration. So, the first thing I had to essay africa do legally, you have to get rid of all of your holdings in contrast essay powerpoint a contractor company. Any financial connections with the essay africa company have to be severed: stock options, stock, anything. Legally, you have to give all that up, which I did. Went to coarse work DC and then actually legal has to go through and look at your background and decide what you can and cannot do. Africa? We decided even if it was legal for me to be, for example, the SSA, Source Selection Authority, that I would not be on any contracts at NASA for Constellation (exploration program), so I did not Ö and if it had anything to do with ATK, I was completely recused from anything to do with those selections. So I had no input into the selection of pratt application essay, any contracts dealing with ATK to imperialism africa avoid even the appearance of a conflict of interest. I served in that position at NASA for two years and application then I decided that in order to take better care of my family, because that kind of imperialism, position is not conducive to somebody with young children like I had, that I would retire from that position and start the what wrong with consulting business that I wanted to africa start four years earlier. We moved back to the place where I still owned a townhome and my wife and I started my consulting business. School Term Requirements? I have probably about 15 different clients. Africa? ATK is one of formal for essays, my clients, but I am not an imperialism essay, ATK employee and I do not represent ATK to NASA.

Iíve been out of NASA for over a year, and I could, but I do not represent ATK to NASA, like I canít represent ANY contractor to NASA and I donít work directly on any contracts that I would have had any input into making, but I didnít have any because I was recused in all dealings with ATK during my tenure as the AA of idioms for essays, NASA. So thatís exactly the chain of events since I was a NASA employee back, in 2004. Just to close the very last step, were you asked, or did the idea of the petition spring solely from you? This was completely my idea. I didnít even tell Mike. In fact, I think he was a bit flabbergasted when he saw it. Imperialism Essay Africa? I take all the credit, good or bad. This was my idea. Just out of curiosity, whoíd be your second choice for administrator? I donít have one.

Iíve been asking myself that question and I donít have a second choice Ö Iíve looked at pratt essay a list of all the names that people have been floating out there and theyíre so far distant second choice to Mike. Essay Africa? I canít think of anyone more qualified to run NASA at this time and I canít even think of a second choice. Really, I just canít think of one. This may be an esoteric issue for most people, but for those who follow the space program, or who even care about term requirements it, the person who serves as the administrator of NASA holds a very important job. Dan Goldin, a former TRW vice president who snagged the post in April 1992 and kept it until November 2001 ó longer than anyone else ó once told me he wanted the job because there was only ONE administrator of NASA. Essay? ďThere are lots of aerospace executives,Ē he said. Now Mr.

Goldinís ego was a bit of an issue during his tenure, but he was passionate about space ó some would say a bit overly emotional. Until recently, no one ever used that term to describe Mike Griffin, NASAís current chief. Griffin is an articulate, circumspect leader who likes to sit in on the tech-talk and essay offer his assessments as an essay, engineer, scientist and businessman. He is tempered in speech, so when he uses a word like ďjihadĒ in an email, you can be assured it is no accident. Politically, he is coarse work a rare bird whom I believe will stick to imperialism his beliefs even if it costs him his cool government job. (Not that anyoneís asked him to, at pratt application least not yet.) Griffin has been very explicit that he would not be interested in remaining in charge if the Obama administration decides to redirect the U.S. Imperialism Essay Africa? civilian manned space program away from its current course, namely completing the space station, retiring the shuttles and developing the new spaceship that can return U.S. astronauts to the moon. Thereís not much disagreement about the first two items on school term requirements the to-do list, but the africa last one has become a bone of contention.

Thereís been a bit of what passes for ďnewsĒ lately, which used to be called ďgossip,Ē that Griffin has been reluctant to share the NASA family jewels with a woman named Lori Garver, who is school term paper serving as point person for the Obama transition team on space issues. Garver isnít an imperialism, engineer, not that thereís anything wrong with that. Sheís best known for competing against compare, NíSync singer Lance Bass for a sponsored seat as a space tourist on a Russian Soyuz visit to the space station. The blonde boy-band star had better backing than Lori ďSoccer Mom in SpaceĒ Garver, though in the end, neither ended up flying. She makes her living as a consultant on imperialism africa space issues, technology and business. High School Term Requirements? She is 47 years old. I have no idea whom she personally or professionally prefers be the head of NASA. Griffinís backers include Neil Armstrong, whom Iím told has emailed several people at NASA informing them that he intends to imperialism write a letter to the Wall Street Journal advocating Obama retain Griffin. (Personally, Iím not sure why youíd tell people you were going to do something instead of formal for essays, just going ahead and doing it and let the deed speak for itself, but thatís another issue.)

A more grass-roots effort was launched today by africa, Scott Horowitz, a former space shuttle commander whose last job with NASA was as the associate administrator for the agencyís new exploration initiative, which includes the development of the controversial shuttle-derived Ares rockets, along with Apollo-style capsules called Orion. Paper Writing? Horowitz has started an internet-based ďKeep MikeĒ petition drive. When I checked it a minute ago, eight people had signed up. David Mould, Griffinís top spokesman, said he hadnít heard of the drive and that there had been no invites from Team Obama as of yet. ď(Griffin) has said recently heíd be both honored to serve and willing to talk,Ē Mould added. So, Merry Christmas, Mike.

Be careful what you wish for. The President of Free Space, Part 1. Iím not a gambling lady, but if I had to pick right now, Iíd say the imperialism essay africa Democrats just lost the election. Now, donít get me wrong ó Iím a registered Democrat, which Iím assuming is OK for you to coarse work know even though (especially?) because Iím a reporter and imperialism africa have had it drilled into my head by the hard-core teachers at the Medill School of Journalism (a sort of Hogwarts for reporters-in-training) who implored their proteges to coarse work live an objective, detached life, particularly in the political arena, for professional integrity. Thirty years have passed since I set foot in the door and Iíve decided itís OK to shed the cloak for a higher calling.

Iíll tell you straight up what happened: While my son plowed through Tess of the díUrbervilles for his high school IB English Class, I entered the world of Ayn Rand with my first reading of africa, Atlas Shrugged. If you havenít read the idioms book, itís not going to help you much to read the Cliffs Notes , or Wiki report. Imperialism? Like sex, or watching rockets launch , you just have to experience it. Iíd be happy to give you a book report on it another time, but suffice it to say itís a POWERFUL portrayal of compare contrast essay, what happens when rationality and scientific processes break down. Now back to the story of the day ó John McCainís selection of 44-year-old Sarah Palin of Alaska to be his running mate. First off, if the Republicans want to absolutely STOMP the essay Democrats, they would cancel the upcoming convention in Minnesota, or at least scale it way back and donate the money to any one of a billion worthwhile causes. That will show they have a heart, which is mostly what folks hold against the party. High Term? The Democrats, on the other hand, have always won my vote, though the candidates sometimes seem to lack a brain, because they positively ooze with compassion, empathy and those highly valued Judeo-Christian attributes of caring for those who canít care for themselves. Essay Africa? Besides, whatís the convention going to accomplish that hasnít already happened? Rational thought, the foundation of science, the reason why there are rovers scratching the sand on Mars today, has been largely absent from the American political scene, and perhaps the American way of contrast, life for a long time now. Essay? Institutions created to solve specific problems, became incarnated (think FDRís New Deal and what with essay LBJís Great Society) and never went away.

Thatís what NASA is imperialism africa fighting now. Its leaders know the agency needs to dematerialize, shed its expensive and deadly shuttle program, and return to its core roots of compare powerpoint, space exploration. (You can read here what administrator Michael Griffin and others have to say on imperialism this subject.) Will they be successful? Who knows. McCainís selection of Palin brought the Republicans to the Democratsí dinner table. School Requirements? She diversifies the ticket; sheís easy on the eye; sheís even a former reporter. Whatís not to like? The only team that would have been more attractive would have been if Barack Obama had picked her. So now that the africa beauty and ethnic portions of the presidential contest are over, letís move on to a discussion of substance: Free Space will explore in gay marriage the coming two months the single issue of space exploration as a window into essay africa, how the candidates view the world. Itís not about what they say or what they promise, but about their processes (or lack thereof) and for essays whether they are rational, i.e. scientific, or based on emotions. You could take any topic ó education, business, foreign policy ó and do the same, but I happen to know a lot about africa space and requirements I happen to believe itís cool and important. Plus, for you (us) nationalists, itís just about the only major enterprise where America still reigns supreme.

We talk a lot about freedom in this country, criticize its absence abroad, but do we really practice it? As a Democrat who has taken a sharp turn to the right, Iím often as confused as anyone about the road ahead. Imperialism Essay Africa? We often cannot pick our path, but we can choose our travel partners. I pick my old J-school buddies, Morality and Integrity, and invite you to journey with us on a scientific quest to illuminate the meaning of coarse work, free space. Iíd prefer to not do this in a vacuum (pardon the essay pun) so please use your hands or whatever tools you use to communicate these days, and be generous with feedback. Iíd like to know about dark matter as much as anyone. What With Gay Marriage? And it sure would be swell if the United States made good on its word to africa fly the particle detector known as the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer, or AMS, to the International Space Station, especially after it got 16 countries to foot most of the essay $1.5 billion construction bill. With great fanfare ó press conferences with the Nobel Prize winner behind the project, etc. ó NASA flew a prototype on the shuttle 10 years ago. The agency agreed to send another AMS to the space station in 2002 or 2003 for a three-year study. Then came the imperialism essay africa Columbia accident, the decision to retire the shuttles and ultimately a cancellation of AMSí ride to orbit. Except that Samuel Ting, the contrast essay Nobel-holding lead scientist for AMS, wouldnít take no for an answer.

He lobbied Congress. He got his international partners involved. Africa? He literally turned it into a federal case. And now, Tingís relentlessness may be about to pay off. Last week, the House passed a NASA funding bill adding one more flight of the shuttle to deliver AMS to the space station. This week, itís the Senateís turn. On Monday, NASA chief Michael Griffin told a Senate oversight committee itíd run a few hundred million dollars for the extra flight, with one huge caveat: That figure presumes there is application no extension of any shuttle equipment contracts. Griffin wouldnít come straight out and say it, but what he means is that if the AMS flight is added on, there wonít be a shuttle available to mount a rescue mission. Since Columbia, NASA routinely adds the contingency mission to every flight.

Thatís not to say that a crew tapped to deliver AMS to the station would be abandoned should the shuttle be too damaged to imperialism africa return to Earth. They could all use the station as a temporary shelter until folks figured out how to get enough Soyuz capsules to the outpost to academic term writing fly them all back home. Or something along those lines. (At this part of the hearing it was NASA space operations chief Bill Gerstenmaierís turn at obtuse.) Griffin came back after the morning proceedings ended to imperialism essay clarify that maintaining the shuttle contracts past their cut-off dates would be prohibitively expensive ó something on the order of $3 billion to $4 billion, which ďwe donít need to do to fly the final flight.Ē No, all NASA needs to do is tell it straight: If AMS is the teaching contrast essay powerpoint last flight, itíll go without the safety net provided to essay all previous missions since Columbia.

After listening to all the circumfusion, I think I have a clearer picture of dark matter, metaphysically speaking.

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10 Most Common IELTS Writing Task 2 Topics. The post will give you the imperialism essay 10 most common IELTS Writing Task 2 topics. School Term Paper Requirements? A question my students keep asking, again and again, is #8216;What are the most common IELTS writing part 2 topics?#8217; They are worried that they won#8217;t be familiar with the topic and will not have any relevant ideas. This is especially true for students from #8216;developing#8217; countries, because most of the questions are #8216;first world#8217; problems and issues. Imperialism? Let#8217;s turn that disadvantage into an advantage. To answer the term paper question I have asked my students over the last few years to send me the topics on their exams.

A big thank you, to essay, those students, who were kind enough to send me their questions. I have built up a huge amount of questions and pratt application I think it is about time to analyse them. Africa? Are the same Writing Task 2 topics repeated? The answer is yes and no. Essay? There are a huge amount of topics that come up in writing task 2. At last count there were around 50 different topics (based on collecting data over essay, the last few years) and formal idioms for essays if you would like all 50, please let me know, but I#8217;m more concerned about the topics that come up again and again. If you have time to familiarise yourself with over 50 topics then please do, but I think must people have to be smart with their time and it therefore makes more sense to prioritise the most common topics. I try to encourage my students to be efficient when it comes to learning.

However, I don#8217;t agree with the saying #8216;Work smart, not hard#8217; as this implies you can do very little work and still achieve your goals. My motto is work hard and smart. Imperialism Africa? There are 10 general topics that come up more often than all of the rest put together. They are: So what can I do with this information? Now you know the common topics there are 3 things you can do: 1. Develop a vocabulary list for each topic. Having relevant vocabulary for each topic will give you a big advantage. Many students fail to provide relevant vocabulary and their band score suffers. When looking at new vocabulary try to guess the meaning from context first and then look up the wrong with gay marriage meaning to make sure your idea matches the actual meaning. Imperialism Essay? Also, be sure to look at the word within a sentence to be aware of the way it relates to other words. When recording vocabulary do it in a way that will help YOU remember it. Everyone learns in a different way and everyone learns vocabulary in a different way.

Some people like to draw pictures beside the word, some people like to write synonyms or antonyms, others prefer to idioms for essays, write a few sentences and some people like to use the imperialism essay phonemic chart to write the word that way. Whatever works for you, do it. It is also very important to term, review words regularly. This is the most effective way to remember the words. So many people learn lots of imperialism words and high school term requirements a week later they canít remember them. I would recommend reviewing them one day after learning them for the first time, then one week later and then finally one month later. After that they should be firmly stuck in your head for good. I am developing a vocabulary list for each of the topics above which you can access here. 2. Practice reading and listening within these topics. To do well on essay africa, your IELTS test you should practice at home. Even just 60 minutes per day can make a big difference.

This will not only improve all four skills but familiarise you with the term writing common topics at the same time. Why waste time listening or reading something, if it is about something that probably won#8217;t come up on the test? Unless of course you are listening or reading for pleasure, in essay africa that case, be my guest. If you are reading an for essays, English newspaper, look for articles on the common topics and highlight any good vocabulary. If you like listening to imperialism essay africa, the radio or podcasts, find ones on the common topics. Please check out my 25 online language learning tools for lots of ways you can study at home for free. This method is term writing, so effective that some of the best IELTS schools are starting to adopt this approach. If you are going to study or practice anything then do it within the context of one of the common topics. For example, if you are practicing speaking with a friend on Skype, why not discuss one of the issues above? If you are practicing writing essays, find a question about one of the imperialism essay most popular or repeated IELTS topics. Term Requirements? This method allows you to practice both the skills and learn about these crucial topics.

They also come up quite a lot in the speaking test. Can I just focus on these topics and get a high band score? Obviously, there is imperialism, much more to teaching compare, achieving a high score than just focusing on imperialism africa, the repeated topics but this will allow you to study and prepare in coarse work a smarter and imperialism essay africa more efficient way, giving you a huge advantage. However, I would like to add that it is also important to study things you have a passion for. If you are genuinely interested in a topic then it is much easier to study and you are less likely to quit. Please also make time to read, listen, talk and powerpoint write about imperialism, your passion. If you love football, read about your team everyday on Love fashion?- find some fashionista blogs. Have a passion for with gay marriage photography?- why not blog about it? Have a passion for astrophysics?

Listen to star talk radio. I looked at 15 Writing Task 2 papers over July, August and africa September of 2015 to see if the same common topics were coming up. Here are the topics: Traditional Culture Government Spending Technology Technology Education Health Technology Traditional Culture Education Health International Aid The Environment Economics Education Health. High Paper? As you can see, Technology, Health and Education are still prominent Task 2 topics. It was interesting to see Traditional Culture popping up twice in such a short period of time, but that doesn#8217;t mean that it will definitely feature again soon. Imperialism Essay Africa? I still think that Technology, Health, Education and the Environment are important topics and will feature regularly in the future. Reading within these topics will help you and you will also pick up other vocabulary just by coarse work reading about them. The important thing is to read actively. When you see a word you don#8217;t know, note it down and find out the imperialism africa meaning, collocation and teaching compare contrast essay powerpoint synonyms. Soon you will have a notebook full of new words and you review them regualelry until they become part of your vocabulary. Here#8217;s a live video I did on imperialism essay, Facebook about this topic: I would recommend looking at our IELTS task 2 page for lots more lessons, tips and sample task 2 answers.

The best way to keep up to date with our latest posts is to like our page on academic term paper writing, Facebook. There are also daily practice activities on our Facebook page. As always, if you have a question about this post or anything else, please let me know in the comments section below. 46 Comments on 10 Most Common IELTS Writing Task 2 Topics Chris. am not able to watch ur video.any idea? i think the first step is to africa, pass the essay ielts exam is to imperialism africa, understand where you are on in regards to your 4 skills and then prepare your plan ,without plan and agreed source of knowledge you will be lost . the question is how to prepare a proper plan to enhance your skills ,get familiar with the exam ? also if you can prepare PDF for all the Tips that we need to take care of during the exam of the coarse work 4 skills ,that will be great . hello from essay africa, uzbekistan))) Hello from Tashkent)) Home Ľ Writing Task 2 Ľ 10 Most Common IELTS Writing Task 2 Topics. Check your email for teaching contrast essay the link. Advantage Exam Preparation Limited. Africa? 4 Castleglen Park, Dundrum, County Down, BT33 0WL United Kingdom. Coarse Work? The information on this site is for information purposes only.

IELTS is a registered trademark of University of essay Cambridge, the British Council, and with IDP Education Australia. This site and it's owners are not affiliated, approved or endorsed by the University of Cambridge ESOL, the British Council, and IDP Education Australia. For full information please refer to our terms and imperialism africa conditions and coarse work disclaimer.

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African Imperialism essays

essay meaning The Academic Essay. The academic essay is merely a specific writing genre#150;as is the love letter, newspaper editorial, or pop-fiction. As a genre, it functions within a set of norms, rules, and conventions. The purpose of this discussion is to make clear to imperialism africa you what those rules and what wrong with essay norms are, and how to use them to express your argument clearly. The purpose of the academic essay is to essay africa persuade by reasoned discourse. Scholars use the essay amongst themselves to advance ideas. Its value as an term writing instructional tool is to assist students in developing their critical thinking skills.

As you recall, critical thinking is defined as: the ability to read theory accurately, appropriate it meaningfully, apply it independently, generate results based on that application, analyze the results, and form a clear argument based on africa, those results that can be defended with a specific line of reasoning. A good academic essay engenders this process and clearly demonstrates that the process has been performed successfully. With this in mind let's examine how to write an pratt academic essay. Do you frequently find yourself struggling with the essay, introduction to for essays your essays? Do you not know how to begin the essay? Do you find yourself searching for imperialism essay africa, a generalizing statement that will get things going, and trying to wrong gay marriage essay find a delicate balance between BS'ing and saying something meaningful?

If so, that's because you are not following the norms for the introduction to the academic essay. Imperialism Essay Africa? Following this norm actually makes introductions a piece of cake and gets you right into formal the body of the imperialism, essay. Here is the norm: The purpose of the introduction is two-fold: 1. High School Term Requirements? To introduce the imperialism, theoretical framework that will guide your analysis. 2. To introduce the thesis statement that will organize your paper. Following this norm allows you to cut to the chase. No more generalizing statements of philosophical speculation that you venture forth hoping that it won't get shot down. You know, crap like Hemingway was perhaps one of the most visionary authors of his time. or The Western is perhaps the most uniquely American of all the genres. Rather, if the purpose of the essay is to demonstrate that you have appropriated a theory and applied it independently to produce results, then the function of the introduction becomes more focused: to introduce the theory#150;or theoretical framework#150;that you have decided to school term paper use.

Hence you will find that many essays begin with such statements as In his book. Or, In her essay. IMPORTANT NOTE: One of the main reasons that the norm of the Introduction developed this way is because of an important rule of the Academic Essay: Avoid making statements that you cannot prove. The problem with the generalizing/philosophical/BS'ing statements like Hemingway. Imperialism Africa? and The Western. is that they cannot be proven through reasoned discourse. Application Essay? Moreover, to even try and do so would require voluminous amounts of discourse for something that is not even your thesis: what you actually ARE setting out to prove. As a result, the genre of the Academic Essay has evolved into the above norm. Africa? It still meets an paper writing introduction's purpose of orienting the reader, it just does so in imperialism essay, a very specific manner. Having accomplished that, the expectation for an essay is that you will introduce a thesis statement that is teaching compare powerpoint directly related to that theoretical framework (or its application). Imperialism? As a result, a major convention of the academic essay is that: The introduction ends with the thesis statement.

Having stated a thesis, you are expected to then go and prove it through the body of the essay. That said, it is important to discuss what's at stake in making a thesis statement. There are four basic logical forms for a thesis statement: #149; A banal thesis statement. #149; A simple thesis statement. #149; A complex thesis statement. #149; An impossible thesis statement. Let's discuss each of these quickly before moving on.

A banal thesis statement is a statement that does not really say anything#150;it is in fact meaningless because it is either so overly general or so evident as to not be of significance. Here's an example from literature. A frequent argument students will make is paper writing This author used symbolism to make his point. The statement, however, is meaningless precisely because it is not of significance: every author writing literature uses symbolism of africa one kind or another, either using language metaphorically or metonymically. Thus, to attempt to single out or make a distinction of a piece for using symbolism is to not say anything that even needs proving to begin with. A simple thesis statement is not quite what it may sound like.

A simple thesis statement means that only one main point or argument is going to be proved. The term simple argument can thus be misleading because the argument itself can and frequently is very theoretically sophisticated. What makes them simple is that in teaching, terms of their logical structure, they only imperialism essay take on one line of formal proof, and hence, their organization of proof will be simple. One has to be careful, however, because sometimes one main argument may require SEVERAL supporting arguments. Imperialism? The example here would be the argument that Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre. Essay? Here the writer has only one thing to prove, but in order to do so will have to establish the elements that comprise the Western Genre and imperialism demonstrate how the film embodies them--not a small task. Simple thesis statements are eminently preferable in terms of writing an application essay for a course. It allows you to focus on your points and your proofs rather than getting lost in the organization of imperialism essay africa your arguments. A complex thesis statement means that the contrast, thesis has more than one point to prove. In this respect, the essay will have to organize more than one line of reasoning in essay, so far that more than one thing has to be proven.

Complex theses are not necessarily more theoretically sophisticated than simple thesis statements, they are only more difficult to organize clearly. In this respect, they are not worth what they entail and should be avoided. An example of a complex thesis statement would be something like: Faulkner's novels critique the ideologies of patriarchy and racism. This would be an appropriate analysis for wrong with, the work of Faulkner, but I'm not sure it would be worth it. To begin with, it is not clear what the africa, writer has to gain in formal idioms for essays, terms of proving BOTH of these aspects of the work rather than just the one.

Instead, with this complex thesis, there are going to be long sections of the essay where half of what needs to be proved will be left suspended while the other half gets discussed. In addition, the imperialism essay africa, thesis picks the work of Faulkner which necessitates discussing every book, rather than just one. Thus it is that an term requirements important convention of the academic essay is imperialism essay that: A complex thesis statement can usually be restructured into a more theoretically sophisticated (if not interesting) simple thesis statement. Making an coarse work Argument. As stated earlier, the academic essay is an exercise in reasoned persuasion. Imperialism Africa? In this respect, the thesis statement is an important organizational structure insofar as it establishes how the rest of the essay will be organized. Academic Paper? Classical logic maintains that there are 3 basic kinds of persuasive statements: statements of fact, statements of africa value (or evaluation), and wrong with essay statements of policy (or action, which argue what we should do). Essay? Unless otherwise specified, the first of these, the statement of coarse work fact, is the form that the thesis statement for an academic essay should take#150;the obvious exception being when you write evaluative criticism (which you will NEVER do in my course). Statements of fact can themselves be grouped into two basic forms: arguments of classification, and essay africa arguments of operation or function.

It is possible to make other distinctions, like for example, arguments of relationship (how to things relate to each other) but these distinctions can be readily subsumed into these two basic groups. Arguments of classification are when you establish some sort of criteria, and then argue that something meets or fails to meet that criteria. For Essays? The earlier example that Star Wars belongs within the africa, Western Genre is an example of an argument of classification. Having established what comprises the Western Genre, the writer will then go on to prove how Star Wars embodies, contains, or possesses those elements. The writer will, in other words, prove that Star Wars meets that criteria. Arguments of operation or function argues in terms of what something does, or how it functions. The earlier argument that Faulkner's work critiques the ideology of patriarchy is an example of function. This statement argues that Faulkner's work DOES something: it criticizes the ideology of patriarchy. Note that unlike the argument of classification, the writer of formal idioms for essays this essay SEEMS to have to do more to prove their thesis. They will not only have to define what the africa, ideology of patriarchy is#150;and thus establish criteria#150;they will also have to demonstrate that Faulkner's work DOES something with that criteria. The question of HOW leads to a discussion of the body of the essay.

The Body of the Essay. From a conceptual standpoint, the function of the body of the essay is to prove the thesis statement laid out in the introduction. Easy enough. This section discusses how the writer accomplishes that proof. In the discussion of coarse work types of argument, I made the point that the writer will have to establish criteria that can be used to prove their argument. Essay? The body of the essay is the location where the writer accomplishes that. An introduction is precisely that: It INTRODUCES the theoretical framework and the thesis statement. It does not DESCRIBE or DISCUSS these two things. This is what wrong with gay marriage a fairly common mistake that beginning essay writers make. They fear that they have not said enough in the intro and as a result, go on to discuss aspects of their theory or elaborate on a thesis.

The problem with doing so is that it screws up your organization. What comes next is no longer clear to imperialism essay africa the reader. If you keep it clear to yourself that the purpose of the introduction to your essay is to only INTRODUCE your theoretical framework, and for essays your thesis statement, then the function of the imperialism essay, body of your essay will also become evident to the reader. They will expect you to high requirements establish criteria so that you can prove your thesis. As a result, another important norm of the africa, academic essay is: A primary function of the body of the formal for essays, essay is to establish the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven. Thus it is that having argued that Star Wars is a Western, the body of the paper is imperialism essay going to term writing have to imperialism africa first establish the elements that comprise the Western#150;it will have to establish the criteria by which the thesis can be proven. To argue that Faulkner's work criticizes thee ideology of patriarchy is going to require that the term requirements, writer establish what the ideology of imperialism patriarchy is. Establishing the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven leads to the next logical step: demonstrating how the object under investigation meets those criteria. Coarse Work? Clearly it is not enough for the Faulkner essayist to just define what the essay, ideology of patriarchy is. Their thesis is that Faulkner's work criticizes that ideology.

As a result, they will have to point to specific things within the text and argue that they relate to those criteria IN A SPECIFIC WAY#150;in this case through a process of criticism. This process of relating the object of investigation back to the established criteria is another fundamental component of the body of the essay. Without it, the idioms for essays, proof is not complete. As silly as that sounds, I kid you not that the africa, most frequent mistake of beginning essay writers is a failure to relate their analysis back to the criteria they have established. Gay Marriage? Thus it is essay africa that another important norm for the academic essay is: Relate the contrast essay, analysis back to the terms and concepts of the imperialism essay, established criteria. The Star Wars example brings up another fundamental logical task to this process.

From the beginning you have probably thought the Star Wars thesis to not be very feasible. The film is application essay not set in the West, and it occurs in the future. The question becomes, however, whether these are ESSENTIAL criteria to the Western, and if not, what is? In terms of proving that thesis statement, the writer is going to have to clearly establish what the elements of the Western Genre are, and then relate aspects of the essay africa, film back to ALL of what gay marriage essay those criteria. Herein lies the essential importance of essay completeness to coarse work that process. If the Star Wars writer establishes the essay, criteria but can only paper requirements point to the gun-fighting that occurs in the film, then their essay will fail to persuade. Their essay will fail to persuade precisely because it inadequately addresses the scope of the criteria. Thus it is that another important norm for this process is: Fully address the established criteria. It is very important to note that fully addressing the essay, scope of the criteria does NOT mean that the object under discussion has to fully meet ALL the criteria. To stick with the teaching contrast essay, Star Wars example, the africa, writer can not IGNORE the issue of setting and even remotely hope to persuade the audience. In some way, the writer is going to have to address the fact that both time and place are out of the what with essay, bounds of the Western.

This is the point precisely. The author will have to ADDRESS that point#150;those criteria#150;not necessarily MEET those criteria. In this respect, the writer is going to imperialism africa have make a supporting argument about how these criteria relate to each other in terms of wrong with essay comprising the genre (or in a logical sense the whole). The important point is that all criteria are addressed adequately. Imperialism? Failure to address any of the established criteria creates a gap in pratt essay, logic. Subsequently, the reasoning process (and its ability to imperialism essay africa persuade) fails. Fully relating the object of the thesis to the established criteria fulfills the logical requirements necessary to persuade reasonably and allows the writer to draw conclusions. Before that process is discussed, however, it is necessary to examine an important component of this relating back process. The Role of Description. Relating the object of investigation or the object of the thesis back to the established criteria is necessarily going to involve description. Description is frequently an unclear and thorny issue for writers of the academic essay#150;especially in terms of scope (how much is enough?).

The purpose of description, however, clarifies the issue of scope. The purpose of description to is to make clear, or establish WHAT in the object of investigation (the film, the scene, the shot) relates to the criteria being used. It therefore becomes important for the writer to use description in such a manner as to establish the basis of the relationship between the object and the criteria. Furthermore, the writer should LIMIT description to accomplishing only this task. Added description is not only superfluous, but distracts from trying to prove your argument. As a result, another important norm for the body of the academic essay is: Subordinate description to the purpose of analysis. As stated above the process of wrong gay marriage essay fully relating the object of the thesis to the established criteria has the effect of fulfilling the logical requirements. It is THAT task which ultimately persuades, not the conclusion itself.

It is for essay africa, this reason that, in some respects, the conclusion does not seem to have a FUNDAMENTAL role in the process of reasoned persuasion. That in itself probably accounts for coarse work, how many dopey tips exist for what to do with a conclusion, like: repeat the thesis statement (like people have forgotten it despite the fact that you've been working to prove it the entire time) or some other such thing. What to do with a conclusion if the work of proof is already done? The most effective thing to do with a conclusion is to africa first signal that the work is coming to for essays close, and then close off the discussion itself by stating something definitive about the work. Like the introduction, then, the conclusion has a dual role: to signal the transition to closure, and to close the discussion with a definitive statement. The work of the conclusion should reference the thesis, without necessarily repeating the thesis (or the steps by which it was proven) It should then say something definitive that signals closure by pointing to the implications of what you've discussed, by amplifying what you've discussed, or by contextualizing what you've discussed. In each case, you are striving to close discussion by being definitive, and you are taking caution not to violate rule #1 of the academic essay: avoid statements that you cannot prove. To stay with the running examples, the conclusion to the Faulkner paper could look something like this: . it therefore serves as an essay example of how literary texts structure their criticisms of dominant ideologies. (pointing to the implications of proving your argument). Thus, far from being a portrait of its time Faulkner's work demonstrates that literary works actively engage ideologies. (amplifying your argument) Rather than a story centered exclusively on war, Hemingway's novel instead participates in the reinforcement of dominant ideologies with American culture. (Contextualizing the term requirements, argument) Note that the similarity here is how definitive these statements are.

They draw upon the work that has been done, but say something different and final that is logically based upon what has been discussed. There are, of imperialism essay africa course, variations on the genre of the academic essay--some rather large difference exist, for example, between the social sciences and the humanites. This discussion is based on the humanties approach. Other variations can result from the what with essay, idiosyncracies of imperialism essay africa specific instructors. To the degree that what is paper writing written here sounds heavy handed and inflexible, I caution instead that such tone is trying to reflect the manner in which your own analysis and imperialism essay africa writing will need to sound precise and rigorous#150;the standards by which the academic essay is evaluated. The precision and compare contrast rigor with which these norms and conventions are applied should function only to demand that your own analysis and reason engender these standards. They are thus meant to elevate your thinking, not control it.

The principles by which the academic essay structures itself is designed to be a discipline that frees your thinking, not subjugate it. Within its conventions is unlimited creative potential whose only demand, ultimately, is that you say something meaningful that others can be persuaded of via your logic. What I have attempted to do here is make the norms and conventions of the genre explicit so that you can refine your skills working within it. Mastering this genre has the benefit of developing your skill to analyze situations using explicit criteria, and be able to make decisions based on that analysis. More than a few people have found that possession of such a skill is invaluable in life and professional endeavors.