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Mood Disorders Essays and Research Papers. Mood Disorders You never know why a person does the things they or even what has cause them to be the an essay person that they are. For . example, you might never have known that famous people like Drew Carey, Jim Carrey, Sheryl Crow, even Pablo Picasso have depressive disorders . By reading, you will get an insight, if any, on mood disorders , along with how I found a relation in projects defoe my personal life. As well as something relating to what I like to an essay, do in my free time. Mood disorders are fairly attention-grabbing;. Bipolar disorder , Creativity , Dysthymia 1189 Words | 3 Pages. Mood Disorders Mood disorders are quite interesting; especially if you're realizing that you have . Essays Of Today? many of the an essay symptoms.
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Anxiety , Chronic fatigue syndrome , Depression 1726 Words | 6 Pages. MOOD DISORDERS A 32-year old female Janice Butterfield, who came in at the insistence of an essay on anything, her husband Jed Butterfield for a . consultation concerning her suicidal attempt due to dysthymia. American Heritage Dictionary defines that dysthymia is a chronic disturbance of mood lasting at intelligent, least two years in adults or one year in children, characterized by recurrent periods of mild depression and such symptoms. Although the symptoms of dysthymia may be less intense than those of an essay on anything, depression, dysthymia. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1377 Words | 4 Pages. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), or otherwise known as Major Depression, is a serious mood /mental disorder that . On Youth? drastically affects one’s life resulting in on anything loss of essay projects, interest, changes in diet, increase in irritability, and drop in on anything mood . Major Depressive Disorder affects about 6.7% of the population of the United States over essay the age of 18. On Anything? Although, MDD is common mostly in machinery essay adults, it also affects teens and children. The main symptom of depression is a described as a sad or gloomy mood that doesn’t seem. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Hypomania 1466 Words | 4 Pages. Systemic Family and Couple Therapy for Mood Disorders.
Systemic family and couple therapy for an essay, mood disorders Behaviourally-inspired couple therapy approaches have been used for some . time and have proved to be effective with patients suffering from depression. A number of RCTs of marital therapy as a treatment for research paper, depression have been conducted (e.g. An Essay On Anything? O'Leary Beach, 1990; Jacobson et al, 1991; Emanuels-Zuurveen Emmelkamp, 1996; Baucom et al, 1998). Invasion Of Poland? Interpersonal systems therapy (Gottlieb Colby, 1987) and conjoint interpersonal therapy (Klerman et. Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Family therapy 736 Words | 3 Pages. 11Focused Study Guide for Mood Disorders 1. On Anything? List the essay on the invasion of poland signs symptoms of anxiety describe the nurse’s role in an essay on anything managing anxiety . in essay on the clients. Panic Disorder -Episodes typically last 15 to 30 min Four or more of the an essay following symptoms are present: * Palpitations * Shortness of breath * Choking or smothering sensation * Chest pain * Nausea * Feelings of depersonalization * Fear of dying or insanity * Chills or hot flashes | Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) excessiveWorry 6 months. Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Insomnia 1415 Words | 6 Pages.
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Study. Circadian rhythm , Mood disorder , Rain 1110 Words | 3 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- As many as 19 million Americans million are affected by mood disorders ( The . Recycling Research Paper? two main types of mood disorders are bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder which are described as disturbances in mood , behavior and emotion.“ Bipolar disorder is a complex disorder in an essay on anything which the core feature is essays, pathological disturbance in an essay mood ranging from is essaylib, extreme elation, or mania, to severe depression usually accompanied by disturbances in thinking and behavior. Bipolar disorder , Creativity , Dysthymia 3778 Words | 12 Pages. Mood Disorders Mood disorders are a disturbance in an essay the emotional state, which affects thinking, . physical symptoms, social relationships and behavior. If you have a mood disorder , you might feel very happy or very sad for recycling research, long periods of time for no apparent reason. There are different types of an essay, mood disorders including: mania, depression, bipolar, drug induced mood disorders , and essays of today medically induced mood disorders . When a mood factor pushes a person to one extreme or the other that mood disorders. Bipolar disorder , Depression , Dysthymia 741 Words | 3 Pages. ?Bipolar Disorder , also known as a manic depressive illness, is an essay on anything, classified as a brain disorder ; that causes unusual shifts in projects defoe the . mood , energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry-out day to day tasks.
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Depression Paper Unipolar depression and bipolar disorder are two common mood disorders . . The emotions that make these two disorders classify as mood disorders are depression and mania. Depression is a mood that makes a person feel sad and low and makes life seem overwhelming and challenging. Mania, however, is the opposite. Mania is a state of emotion where a person feels an abnormally elevated mood . Both can last for a long amount of time, even after recovery, and damage. Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Hypomania 1010 Words | 3 Pages. ? Understanding postpartum psychosis: Andrea Yates story Abstract Postpartum depression is a serious mood . disorder experienced by women after giving birth. An extreme case of an essay on anything, PPD is postpartum psychosis. This complex disorder can shatter mothers mind, body, spirit and end their dreams of what they expected motherhood to be.
The mother began to machinery essay, become detached from reality. She began to hear voices telling her to do harm to protect her children. Health professionals estimate that. Andrea Yates , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 2025 Words | 5 Pages. Research Base Intervention on Mood Disorder Tamika. With the variety of different disorders , the individual would develop through the course of their lifetime. The . disorders have a specific symptom, different methods for intervention, and different options that are available to treat the disorder to an essay on anything, help the individual through it.
Psychopathology is developed throughout the years of research to machinery turing, incorporate the information and an essay knowledge of the work for turing essay, different disorders , how disorders cause the individual to an essay, behave, and what symptoms. Bipolar disorder , Hypomania , Lamotrigine 1375 Words | 6 Pages. Cause, Diagnosis, and essay projects daniel defoe Treatment of Mood Disorders. decided to choose mood disorders as their appears to be a genetic pre-disposition in my family history to it. There have also . On Anything? been members of my wife’s family who have exhibited mood disorders . I therefore chose this class to attempt a comprehensive review of the use and essays impact of psychopharmacological agents as part of the treatment regimen for their symptoms. Causes of Mood Disorders According to on anything, (NIMH) the National Institute of on youth of today, Mental Health (2009), the causes of mood disorders at this time are.
Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 4398 Words | 14 Pages. Abnormal Psychology - Mood Disorders. ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY: MOOD DISORDERS A mood disorder is the term given for a group of diagnoses in . the DSM IV TR classification system where a disturbance in the person's emotional mood is hypothesised to an essay on anything, be the main underlying feature. The classification is machinery, known as mood (affective) disorders in ICD 10. English psychiatrist Henry Maudsley proposed an overarching category of affective disorder . An Essay? The term was then replaced by mood disorder , as the latter term refers to the underlying or longitudinal. Bipolar disorder , Cognitive behavioral therapy , Dysthymia 4486 Words | 16 Pages.
Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) (Fundukian amp; Wilson, 2008). The long version of the BDI consists of 21 questions or . items with four possible responses. Each response contains a score from zero to three indicates the severity of the is essaylib symptom the patient experienced in an essay on anything the previous two weeks. The version used by primary care providers (BDI-PC) consists of seven self-reported items. Fundukian and Wilson (2008) state, “Individual questions of the BDI assess mood , pessimism, sense of failure. Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder , Martin Seligman 2063 Words | 6 Pages. Abnormal Psychology Chapter Mood Disorders. Chapter 7-- Mood Disorders and Suicide Key 1. Intelligent Machinery Essay? Prior to the DSM-IIIR, conditions that are currently characterized as . An Essay On Anything? mood disorders were referred to by several different names, including all of the following EXCEPT: A. B. C. D. 2. depressive disorders affective disorders psychotic episodes depressive neuroses One of the symptoms of a mood disorder is called anhedonia, which means: A. a feeling of worthlessness B. an altered pattern of sleep C. indecisiveness D. an inability to essay invasion, experience pleasure . Bipolar disorder , Bipolar spectrum , Dysthymia 5762 Words | 28 Pages.
Major Depressive Disorder and Societies Youth Lisa Somerville Argosy University- Nashville Campus December 13, 2007 Abstract In . an attempt to better understand depression in an essay on anything today’s youth, I have chosen to explore the depths of johnstown research paper, Major Depressive Disorder and how it affects the young people in our society. Depression amongst school age children and adolescents are the primary focus. The prevalence, adversities, and treatment of the an essay depression are discussed as well. After exploring these. Adolescence , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 1755 Words | 6 Pages. Effects of Exercise on Anxiety and Depression. changes in mood and flood research reductions in anxiety and depression.
According to the Mental Health Victoria, depression is characterised by on anything, prolonged . feelings of sadness, dejection and hopelessness and will affect one in daniel defoe four women and one in six men at some point in their lives. In the an essay United States, anxiety disorders and depression are the johnstown flood research most common mental health disorders costing the public $45 billion a year (Berger, Pargman Weinberg, 2002, pp. 398). Although people typically deal with these mood disturbances. Antidepressant , Anxiety , Cognitive behavioral therapy 967 Words | 3 Pages. Individual Anxiety, Mood/Affective, Dissociative and on anything Somatoform Disorders. Individual Anxiety, Mood /Affective, Dissociative And Somatoform Disorders My Name PSY/410 Date Instructor Individual . Anxiety, Mood /Affective, Dissociative Throughout this paper an explanation of terms used to describe mental states will be presented. Some of the mental states are real/physical, and some are only in of poland the minds of the an essay individual. To understand the disorders an explanation will be provided. Johnstown Flood Paper? For example, to understand what is an anxiety disorder an understanding of anxieties. Abnormal psychology , Bipolar disorder , Classification of mental disorders 898 Words | 3 Pages.
Anxiety, Mood/Affective, Dissociative/Somatoform Disorders. Anxiety, Mood /Affective, Dissociative/Somatoform Personality disorders stem from mental health issues and derive from abnormal . psychology, commonly referred to as, psychopathology. Feelings, thoughts and behaviors expressed by those suffering from a personality disorder are usually exaggerated feelings, thoughts and behaviors expressed by all human beings (Millon amp; Davis, 1996). The problem arises when these thoughts, feelings and behaviors become severe maladaptive patterns that transcend. Abnormal psychology , Anxiety , Behaviorism 1456 Words | 5 Pages. 297. 1 Delusional Disorder Diagnostic Features The essential feature of Delusional Disorder is the presence of one or more non . bizarre delusions that persist for at an essay on anything, least 1 month (Criterion A). A diagnosis of Delusional Disorder is not given if the individual has ever had a symptom presentation that met Criterion A for Schizophrenia Criterion B). Auditory or visual hallucinations, if present, are not prominent. Tactile or olfactory hallucinations may be present (and prominent) if they are related.
Abnormal psychology , Delusion , Delusional disorder 2670 Words | 8 Pages. ? Adolescent Bipolar Disorder : Recognition and plan of treatment for recycling research, families Upper Iowa University August 3rd, 2014 Abstract . Bipolar disorder (BD) is a serious mental illness in which a person’s mood will alternate between mania and depression; and where what would be considered common emotions will become powerfully as well as unpredictably exaggerated. Bipolar disorder is also referred to as manic-depressive illness. While bipolar disorder is less common than depression at least. Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Hypomania 2202 Words | 10 Pages. Bipolar Disorder and Depression I. An Essay? Introduction. All types of depression are clinical diseases with several different symptoms, causes, and is essaylib effects that could result in life threatening situations.
II. . Types of depression A. Dysthymic disorder B. Major depressive disorder C. Bipolar disorder (manic depression) III. Symptoms of depression A. Depressed mood B. An Essay On Anything? Lack of interest C. Feeling worthless D. Thoughts of johnstown, death IV. Causes of depression A. Genetics B. Biochemical V. Effects of depression A. Treated A.1. Medicine A.2. Therapy . Bipolar disorder , Depression , Dysthymia 1160 Words | 4 Pages. dejected, or discouraged, in on anything psychology, mood or emotional state marked by feelings of low self-worth or guilt and reduced the ability to . enjoy life.
In ordinary usage it refers to a mood state which is called dysthemia, as contrasted with the normal state of euthymia and the opposite state of elation. In psychiatric usage, disorders of mood are called affective disorders ; depression can be such a disease in itself or a symptom of another mental disorder . On the johnstown paper other hand, depression is not a sign. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1606 Words | 6 Pages. PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDER ANALYSIS Psychological Disorder Analysis Amy Verhagen Axia College of on anything, University of Phoenix The . Research? diagnosis given to Maria is an essay, Dysthymic Disorder . Intelligent Essay? Maria has been having trouble sleeping at night, feeling ‘jumpy’, and not able to concentrate. I suspect this has been going on for a while and possibly co-occurs with other psychological symptoms. Further questioning Maria about her past and an essay present symptom onset will help in confirming this diagnosis to help treat her appropriately. Anxiety , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 1797 Words | 5 Pages. Americans are experiencing depression and essay projects 90 percent of an essay, suicidal reports are commonly caused by depression. Machinery? The brain has a certain chemicals that work to on anything, . On Youth Of Today? keep your moods balanced. An Essay? When your brain is not generating enough of these chemicals, there’s a tendency for you to become depressed. Depression is commonly referred to as mood disorder . Everyone occasionally feel sad or blue, but these feelings are usually short-lived and pass within a couple of days.
When you have a depression, you just don’t feel. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1415 Words | 4 Pages. Then there is bipolar disorder , which used to be known as manic depression, is a mood . disorder . Is Essaylib? Bipolar is a mood disorder that can interrupt your daily life. People with bipolar are known to on anything, have major mood swings, happy one minute completely mad the is essaylib next, or sad. An Essay On Anything? These mood swings can be mild or outrageous, the come on slowly and take hours or the can come as quickly in a matter of essay defoe, minutes. Along with the mood swings people may also have breaks in there thinking. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1135 Words | 4 Pages.
D. Forecast 6. The Base 7. An Essay On Anything? The Middle 8. Research Paper? The Top II. Body A. Depression is on anything, a medical condition that causes and affect a . person’s ability, 1. According to the website www.nimh.nih.gov, depression is of today, a mood disorder that makes you feel unhappy, non motivated, or hopeless for a period of time. Depression can have a significant impact on the enjoyment of your life, your work, your health and the people who care about an essay, you. Not everyone experiences depression. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 819 Words | 4 Pages. Mental Disorder ; Depression A research paper presented to invasion of poland, Mr. Joeffrey Yee St. Francis College Guihulngan In partial fulfillment of the . subject requirement in English IV Prepared by: June Brangel Baterna IV- St. Bonaventure of an essay, Bagnoregio SY: 20012-2013 Acknowledgement To express my gratitude, first I will thank God for everything.
To our beloved English teacher, Mr. Joeffrey Yee, for teaching us how to do this research paper. Legit? To my classmates, friends, and on anything my family who. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1601 Words | 7 Pages. Is Cyclothymia a Disorder ? People who have Cyclothymic disorder usually do not realize they may have a treatable . disorder because they feel that their mood swings are associated to life’s imbalance. Many things in life can trigger mood swings making it difficult to determine if there is a mood disorder . However, an recycling, individual that has unpredictable mood swings may have Cyclothymia and should be concerned. Individuals who have this disorder go through life on an emotional rollercoaster and. Bipolar disorder , Cyclothymia , Dysthymia 1565 Words | 4 Pages.
Psychological Disorder Analysis Psychological Disorder Analysis This psychological analysis is about Maria a 42 year old . Hispanic female who comes into the mental health clinic complaining of an essay on anything, feeling jumpy all of the defoe time, she has trouble sleeping and on anything is enable to concentrate on her work as an accountant. These symptoms are causing problems for her at work. There can be many causes for her symptoms but to get to the root of her issue a clinical assessment, diagnoses, and proper treatment for. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1415 Words | 4 Pages. women was 39-51”(as cited in Speroff, 2000,p. 376-377). Essay? The transition into peri-menopause subjects a woman to fluctuations in an essay on anything reproductive hormones and is . Legit? characterized by but not limited to irregular menstrual cycles, insomnia, hot flashes, and mood swings. “According to Sichel and Driscoll (1999), this time of life may last as long as seven to ten years, or longer although some women may also have shorter peri-menopausal transitions”(as cited in McGonagle, 2005, p.9). Symptoms Symptoms for. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Estrogen 2447 Words | 6 Pages. lifetime, but more often a person may have multiple episodes.
Dysthymic Disorder is an essay on anything, characterized by at least 2 years of depressed . Essays On Youth Of Today? mood for more days than not, accompanied by additional depressive symptoms that do not meet criteria for a Major Depressive Episode (American Psychiatric Association APA, 2000). Dysthymic disorder is on anything, a serious case of research, ongoing, chronic depression. Claimed by NIMH (2012) Unlike dsythymic disorder , minor depression is characterized by having symptoms for two weeks. Bipolar disorder , Cognitive behavioral therapy , Major depressive disorder 1445 Words | 5 Pages. catatonia 2. Emotional Symptoms: - High levels of euphoria with highly elevated moods states also a decrease in tolerance may be seen . with irritability when one fails to on anything, get their own way. Behavioural Symptoms: - High Energy levels, increased social activity, quick rate of essay on the, speech reckless and dangerous behaviour. 3. Many biological explanations have been put forward in an attempt to explain the on anything cause of mood disorders these mainly consist of Unipolar and Bipolar Depression the biological explanation.
Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 542 Words | 2 Pages. psychoanalytic explanation for mood disorders (depression and essays bipolar disorder) of self hatred develop from the depressive's thoughts about an essay, unresolved conflicts which have often been repressed to the unconscious. Psychoanalytic . explanations find it especially difficult to explain the cyclical nature of is essaylib legit, bipolar disorder , and mood disorders such as SAD and post natal depression; they only seem to have an explanation for depression. Melanie Klein, a post Freudian, claims that whether an an essay on anything, individual loses his or her self esteem depends on the quality of the individual's relationship. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 620 Words | 2 Pages. Bipolar disorder or manic depression causes serious shifts in mood , energy, thinking, and behavior—from the highs of mania on one . extreme, to the lows of depression on the other. More than just a fleeting good or bad mood , the cycles of bipolar disorder last for days, weeks, or months. Johnstown Paper? And unlike ordinary mood swings, the mood changes of bipolar disorder are so intense that they interfere with your ability to function. SYMPTOMS Bipolar Symptoms Bipolar disorder varies among. Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Bipolar spectrum 1559 Words | 5 Pages.
mental disorder that some people have. Bipolar affects your daily life in school, relationships, and work places. There is an essay on anything, no cure yet, but . there is essay on the, treatment. On Anything? Many tend to ignore their or not recognize the symptoms. Legit? The disorder can get so severe it can have a great ability on how you function. Bipolar also has the symptoms and treatment so people can live a normal life. Bipolar is found in children, teens and adults.
Bipolar is a disorder in on anything the brain that causes mood shifts. Recycling Paper? The disorder can be. Bipolar disorder , Bipolar spectrum , Dysthymia 1260 Words | 4 Pages. Chori Lea Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder , also known as manic depression, is an essay on anything, a common, recurrent, and on the invasion debilitating . mood disorder which causes extreme shifts in energy and mood . The word bipolar indicates the two main polar extremes which a person with the disorder experiences. According to on anything, NIMH the National Institutes of Health (NIH) that oversees neurological and psychological research, this disorder affects about 2.3 million adults in the United States and about 1.2 percent of the.
Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Bipolar spectrum 1277 Words | 4 Pages.
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The Model-View-Controller (MVC) Design Pattern for PHP. Amended 1st September 2017. As of 10th April 2006 the software discussed in this article can be downloaded from www.radicore.org. I am no stranger to software development having been a software engineer for over 25 years. I have developed in a variety of 2nd, 3rd and 4th generation languages on an essay a mixture of mainframes, mini- and micro-computers (which are now called Personal Computers). I have worked with flat files, indexed files, hierarchical databases, network databases and relational databases. The user interfaces have included punched card, paper tape, teletype, block mode, CHUI, GUI and web. I have written code which has been procedural, model-driven, event-driven, component-based and object oriented.
I have built software using the 1-tier, 2-tier and the 3-Tier architecture. Turing Essay? I have created development infrastructures in an essay on anything, 3 different languages. My latest achievement is to create an is essaylib environment for building web applications using PHP that encompasses a mixture of 3-Tier architecture, OOP, and where all HTML output is generated using XML and XSL transformations. On Anything? This is essays on youth, documented in A Development Infrastructure for on anything PHP. Before teaching myself PHP the only occasion where I came in contact with the concept of the model-view-controller design pattern was when I joined a team that was replacing a legacy system with a more up-to-date version that had web capabilities. I was recruited because of my experience with the language being used, but I quickly realised that their design was too clumsy and the time taken to flood develop individual components was far to long (would you believe two man-weeks for an essay on anything a SEARCH screen and a LIST screen?). They kept arguing that there was nothing wrong with their design as it obeyed all the rules (or should I say 'their interpretation of the rules'). I was not the only one who thought their implementation was grossly inefficient - the client did not like their projected timescales and costs so he cancelled the intelligent essay whole project. How's that for a vote of confidence for their design! When I started to build web applications using PHP I wanted to adapt some of the designs which I had used in the past. Having successfully implemented the 3-Tier architecture in an essay, my previous language I wanted to attempt the same thing using PHP.
My development infrastructure ended up with the following sets of components: Presentation layer - a set of component scripts, screen structure scripts, and a series of reusable XSL stylesheets and controller scripts. Business layer - this contains a separate class for each business entity. As each business entity also has a database table, and as the johnstown flood code to communicate with a database table is virtually the same regardless of the business entity, I put all the sharable code into an essay an abstract class and defined each business entity as a subclass. This enables me to share all the standard properties and methods of the johnstown research paper superclass through inheritance.
This I have documented in Using PHP Objects to access your Database Tables (Part 1) and Using PHP Objects to access your Database Tables (Part 2). Data Access layer - a single component which contains all the DML (Data Manipulation Language) statements for an essay a particular RDBMS engine. If I wish to defoe switch from one RDBMS to another all I have to do is replace this single component. Although I have never been trained in OO techniques I read up on the theory and used the OO capabilities of PHP 4 to produce a simple class hierarchy that had as much reusable code as possible in an abstract superclass and where each business entity was catered for with a concrete subclass. An Essay On Anything? I published an article Using PHP Objects to access your Database Tables (Part 1) and (Part 2) which described what I had done, and I was immediately attacked by self-styled OO purists who described my approach as totally wrong and unacceptable to REAL object-oriented programmers. I put the essay projects daniel defoe question to an essay on anything the PHP newsgroup and asked the opinion of the greater PHP community.
This generated a huge response that seemed to be split between the it is research paper, bad and it is good camps, so I summarised all the an essay criticisms, and my responses to those criticisms, in essay projects, a follow-up article entitled What is/is not considered to be good OO programming. I have absolutely no doubt that there will be some self-styled MVC purists out there in an essay on anything, Internet land who will heavily criticise the contents of this document, but let me give you my response in advance: I have read the essays principles of on anything, MVC and built software which follows those principles, just as I read the recycling paper principles of OOP and built software which followed those principles. The fact that my implementation is an essay, different from your implementation is totally irrelevant - it works therefore it cannot be wrong. I have seen implementations of johnstown flood, several design patterns which were technical disasters, and I have seen other implementations (mostly my own) of the same design patterns which were technical successes. Following a set of principles will not guarantee success, it is how you implement those principles that separates the men from the boys.
The principles of the various design patterns are high-level ideas which are language-independent, therefore they need to be translated into workable code for each individual language. This is where I have succeeded and on anything, others have failed. I have spent the last 25+ years designing and daniel, writing code which works, and I don't waste my time with ideas that don't work. Other people seem to think that following a set of rules with blind obedience is the an essay prime consideration and have no idea about writing usable or even efficient code. When someone dares to criticise their work they chant it cannot be wrong because it follows all the rules. The difference between successful and unsuccessful software is essays on youth, not in an essay, the underlying rules or principles, it is recycling research paper, how those rules or principles are implemented that counts. Where implementation 'A' makes it is easier and quicker to develop components than implementation 'B', it does not mean that 'A' is right and 'B' is wrong, it just means that 'A' is better than 'B'. Where an implementation works it cannot be wrong - it can only an essay on anything be wrong when it does not work. The Principles of the MVC Design Pattern. After researching various articles on recycling research paper the internet I came up with the following descriptions of the principles of the Model-View-Controller design pattern: The MVC paradigm is on anything, a way of breaking an application, or even just a piece of an application's interface, into three parts: the model, the research paper view, and the controller.
MVC was originally developed to map the traditional input, processing, output roles into the GUI realm: Input -- Processing -- Output. Controller -- Model -- View. A model is an object representing data or even activity, e.g. a database table or even some plant-floor production-machine process. The model manages the behavior and data of the application domain, responds to requests for information about its state and responds to instructions to change state. The model represents enterprise data and the business rules that govern access to and updates of this data.
Often the model serves as a software approximation to a real-world process, so simple real-world modeling techniques apply when defining the model. The model is the piece that represents the state and low-level behavior of the component. It manages the an essay on anything state and conducts all transformations on that state. The model has no specific knowledge of either its controllers or its views. The view is the piece that manages the visual display of the state represented by the model. A model can have more than one view. Note that the recycling model may not necessarily have a persistent data store (database), but if it does it may access it through a separate Data Access Object (DAO). A view is some form of an essay, visualisation of the state of the model. The view manages the graphical and/or textual output to the portion of the bitmapped display that is legit, allocated to on anything its application. Instead of a bitmapped display the on youth view may generate HTML, PDF, CSV or XML output.
The view renders the contents of a model. It accesses enterprise data through the model and specifies how that data should be presented. The view is responsible for mapping graphics onto on anything a device. A view typically has a one to one correspondence with a display surface and knows how to render to it. Intelligent Machinery Essay? A view attaches to a model and renders its contents to the display surface. A controller offers facilities to on anything change the state of the essays model.
The controller interprets the an essay mouse and keyboard inputs from the user, commanding the recycling research model and/or the view to change as appropriate. A controller is the on anything means by which the user interacts with the application. A controller accepts input from the essays user and instructs the model and an essay on anything, view to perform actions based on that input. In effect, the recycling research paper controller is responsible for mapping end-user action to application response. The controller translates interactions with the view into actions to an essay be performed by the model. Is Essaylib Legit? In a stand-alone GUI client, user interactions could be button clicks or menu selections, whereas in a Web application they appear as HTTP GET and POST requests. An Essay? The actions performed by the model include activating business processes or changing the essays on youth state of the model.
Based on the user interactions and the outcome of the an essay model actions, the controller responds by selecting an appropriate view. The controller is the piece that manages user interaction with the model. It provides the mechanism by which changes are made to the state of the model. In the Java language the MVC Design Pattern is described as having the on the of poland following components: An application model with its data representation and business logic. On Anything? Views that provide data presentation and user input. A controller to dispatch requests and control flow. The purpose of the MVC pattern is to recycling paper separate the an essay on anything model from the view so that changes to the view can be implemented, or even additional views created, without having to refactor the model. The model, view and johnstown flood paper, controller are intimately related and in constant contact, therefore they must reference each other.
The picture below illustrates the basic Model-View-Controller relationship: Figure 1 - The basic MVC relationship. Even though the above diagram is incredibly simple, there are some people who try to read more into it than is really there, and they attempt to on anything enforce their interpretations as rules which define what is proper MVC. To put it as simply as possible the MVC pattern requires the following: It must have a minimum of three components, each of research, which performs the responsibilities of either the Model, the View or the Controller, as identified above. You may include as many additional components as you like, such as a Data Access Object (DAO) to communicate with a relational database. There is a flow of data between each of those components so that each may carry out its designated responsibilities on that data. What is not specified in MVC is on anything, how the mechanics of that flow are to on the invasion of poland be implemented.
The data may be pushed by the Model into an essay the View, it may be pulled by the View from the Model, or pulled into essays of today an intermediary (such as the Controller or an Observer) before it is pushed into the View. An Essay On Anything? It does not matter how the intelligent essay data flows, just that it does flow. An Essay? The actual mechanics are an implementation detail and can therefore be left to the implementor. The MVC pattern does not identify from where each of of today, these components is instantiated and called. An Essay On Anything? Is there a mystical 4th component which oversees the 3 others, or can one of them oversee and direct the other two? As this is not directly specified in MVC the actual mechanics can be treated as a separate implementation detail. Note the following: HTML or PDF output can only be generated and output in one place - the View. Data validation and business rules can only be applied in one place - the Model. SQL statements can only be generated and executed in one place - either within the Model (not good) or via a separate Data Access Object (DAO) which is my preferred method.
There are some people who criticise my interpretation of the rules of MVC as it is machinery turing, different from on anything, theirs, and therefore wrong (such as how data moves from the Model to the View), but who is to say that their interpretation is the only one that should be allowed to projects defoe exist? In my opinion a design pattern merely identifies what needs to be done without dictating how it should be done. Provided that the what is an essay, not violated any implementation should be a valid implementation. I do not develop software which directly manipulates real-world objects, such as process control, robotics, avionics, or missile guidance systems, which means that a lot of the properties and is essaylib legit, methods which apply to real-world objects are completely irrelevant. An Essay? I develop enterprise applications such as Sales Order Processing, Inventory, Invoicing and Shipments which deal with such entities as Products, Customers and Orders, so I am only manipulating the information about those entities and not the actual entities themselves. This information is held in essay projects daniel defoe, a database in the form of tables, columns and relationships. Regardless of what properties or attributes a real-world object may have, in a database application it is only necessary to store those pieces of information that are actually required by on anything, that application. A product in the real world may have many properties, but the application may only need to record its Id, Description and Price. A person in the real world may have such methods as sit, stand, walk and run, but these operations would never be needed in essays, an enterprise application. An Essay On Anything? Regardless of the operations that can be performed on a real-world object, with a database table the only operations that can be performed are Create, Read, Update and Delete (CRUD). Johnstown Flood Research Paper? Following the process called data normalisation the information for an entity may need to be split across several tables, each with its own columns and relationships, and in these circumstances I would create a separate Model class for each table instead of on anything, having a single class for a collection of tables.
As an is essaylib legit application is divided into a number of user transactions or use cases, it would be wise to have a separate controller for each use case instead of a single universal controller which can deal with all possible use cases. Some people advocate the creation of a separate controller for each use case, such as in GRASP - The Controller which states the following: A use case controller should be used to deal with all system events of a use case, and may be used for on anything more than one use case (for instance, for use cases Create User and Delete User, one can have a single UserController, instead of two separate use case controllers). I do not have a separate Controller, or a group of controllers, for each business entity. On The? Each user transaction (use case) does something with a database table, so I have placed the an essay something into turing a resuable controller script, then use a component script to identify which table (model) should be the subject of that action. Because each business entity is a database table, and each database table has exactly the on anything same operations, I have designed my controllers around the essay of poland operations that can be performed on an unspecified database table where the name of that table is not known until run time. So instead of such controllers as Create User and on anything, Delete User , Create Product and Delete Product , Create Order and Delete Order I simply have Create Table and Delete Table . These controllers can be used with any table in any database, and because they have been reduced to invasion of poland this level of simplification they can be supplied as standard framework components and do not need to be created or modified by any developer. There is a separate controller for an essay each of my Transaction Patterns. In my implementation, as shown in Figure 2 and essay invasion, Figure 3, the whole application is broken down into a series of an essay on anything, top-level components which are sometimes referred to legit as tasks, actions, functions, operations or transactions (that's user transactions, not database transactions), each of an essay on anything, which is may be related to a Use Case. Each transaction component references a single controller, one or more models, and usually a view.
Some components do not have a view as they are called from other components in order to perform a service, and once this service has been completed they return control to intelligent machinery turing essay the calling component. Each component is an essay on anything, self-executing in that it deals with both the HTTP GET and POST requests. Figure 2 - My implementation of the MVC pattern (1) The Model is implemented as a series of business entity classes each of which contains all the properties and methods required by johnstown flood research, a single business entity. An Essay On Anything? It is actually a subclass to an abstract superclass which contains properties and methods which are common to all database tables. The model is essay, responsible for all data validation, business rules and task-specific behaviour, while the actual generation of DML (Data Manipulation Language) statements is performed in a separate DML class. An Essay On Anything? The DML class or Data Access Object (DAO) is the only object in the entire framework which is invasion of poland, allowed to communicate with the database, and it can only be called by a model component.
This isolates the model from the underlying database and allows the application to be switched from one RDBMS to another simply by switching to an essay another DML class. Only the DML class deals with database resources - all communication with the of poland entity subclass is by standard database-agnostic arrays. The View is implemented as a series of screen structure scripts which are combined with the on anything output from each database table class to produce an XML document. This file will also include the essay on the data for the menu bar, navigation bar, action bar, pagination and scrolling areas. The completed XML document is then transformed into HTML output by using one of the generic XSL stylesheets. For each database table there is typically a list view (containing multiple occurrences with data arranged horizontally) and a detail view (containing a single occurrence with data arranged vertically). If output in an alternative format is required, such as PDF instead of HTML, there are separate transaction patterns which use a different view object to create PDF output in an essay, either LIST view or DETAIL view, each with its own report structure file. Recycling Research? There is an essay, also another view object to create CSV output. Note that my implementation of MVC differs from the legit Java implementation in the following ways: Controllers do not select which View to an essay use. Each of my page controllers is tied to a single view as described in Transaction Patterns for Web Applications.
There is, in effect, a separate Transaction Pattern for each type of use case. The Model does not send updates to the View . When the Model has finished the actions requested by the Controller , the Controller will instantiate its one and only View , inject the Model(s) into the View, and the View will then extract all data from the Model(s) and render it in the desired format. There are separate Views for HTML, CSV and PDF output. All HTML output is generated from a collection of reusable XSL stylesheets. The View does not send user gestures to the Controller . Communication is always one way from the Controller to the View , never from the View to the Controller . With web applications there are only two possible actions - GET and essay invasion, POST - and these are received by the Controller which then calls the appropriate method(s) on the Model(s) followed by a single call to the View . Also note that, unlike the Java implementation, I do not use any of the following design patterns - Filter, Helper, Composite, Front Controller, Value Object, Facade or Delegate. I do, however, use a Data Access Object (DAO), but only because it is component in an essay on anything, the 3-Tier Architecture. Figure 3 - My implementation of the paper MVC pattern (2) Note that all the an essay items in the above diagram are clickable links. As I said in the introduction, my implementation of MVC is combined with the 3-Tier Architecture which has separate layers for Presentation logic, Business logic and projects daniel defoe, Data Access logic. How the two can interact is shown in Figure 3a: Figure 3a - The MVC and 3-Tier architectures combined.
This implementation has very high Levels of Reusability due to the number of components which are either pre-written and come supplied with the framework, or are generated by the framework. This component is comprised of the following: A separate and unique Component script for an essay on anything each user transaction. Each of these is generated from the Data Dictionary. A sharable Controller script which is supplied in essay invasion of poland, the framework in the catalog of Transaction Patterns. The Model is an essay, never supposed to paper handle the output of its data to any particular device or medium. Instead it is on anything, supposed to transfer its data to recycling another object which deals with that device or medium. An Essay On Anything? In this implementation I have separate objects to create output in either HTML, PDF or CSV format. The HTML component operates as follows: It is given a Screen Structure file which is generated from the Data Dictionary initially, but which may be modified as required. This identifies which XSL stylesheet to use, and which data columns need to intelligent essay be displayed where.
After the Model(s) have finished executing they are injected into the View which will extract all the data and copy it to an XML document. On Anything? Information from the paper screen structure file is an essay on anything, also copied into the XML document so that the is essaylib XSL stylesheet will know which data elements to put where. The View will then copy in data supplied by the framework, such as menu buttons, screen title, navigation buttons, action buttons, pagination and scrolling details, and any messages. The View will then perform an XSL Transformation using the nominated XSL stylesheet and on anything, the newly constructed XML document to produce an HTML document. The HTML output is then sent back to the requesting client device. The PDF component operates as follows: The Controller instantiates the Model and machinery essay, instructs it to issue its SQL select statement, but without actually retrieving any data. The Controller instantiates the an essay on anything PDF object and of today, injects into an essay on anything it the MOdel and the name of the projects defoe report structure file. The PDF object instructs the on anything Model to fetch a record which it will format into essays of today a page for the DETAIL view or a line in an essay on anything, the LIST view. The read-a-record-process-a-record cycle will continue until there is no more data.
The CSV component operates as follows: The Controller instantiates the Model and instructs it to of today issue its SQL select statement, but without actually retrieving any data. The Controller instantiates the CSV object injects the Model into it. The CSV object instructs the Model to fetch the first record so that it can construct a line of column labels. The CSV object will then write the current record's data to the output, then read the next record. The read-a-record-process-a-record cycle will continue until there is on anything, no more data. Note that some components may not have a view at all as they perform a service without producing any visible output. This component is comprised of the machinery turing following: A separate Business Entity class for each table within the application database. Each of these is generated by exporting the an essay table's details from the Data Dictionary to produce a class file and intelligent turing, a structure file. The structure file provides information which is used by my standard validation object to validate user input.
This file can be regenerated whenever the table's structure changes. An Essay On Anything? Each of these concrete table classes inherits its standard methods and properties from a single Abstract Table class which is supplied as part of the framework. This ensures that all the common code is defined in one place but can be shared by many objects. Each table class contains its own specific business rules and of poland, data validation rules, but all communication with the an essay on anything physical database is legit, routed through a separate Data Access Object (DAO). There is an essay, a separate DML class for each DBMS engine which is supplied as part of the framework. Johnstown? This arrangement makes it possible to switch from one DBMS to another without having to an essay make any changes to any table class. Currently supported DBMS engines are MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle and SQL Server.
My implementation also has the following characteristics: Each of the components can be classified as one of the following: Some of these components are built into essay on the invasion of poland the framework while others you have to generate yourself: The framework components are pre-written and come supplied with the framework or are invoked automatically. The application components are generated by the framework using information obtained from your application database. The Data Dictionary is used to generate the business entity classes as well as the component scripts, screen structure files and report structure files. Components are either application-agnostic or framework-agnostic:
The framework components are application-agnostic as they have no knowledge of the internals of an essay, any application component. A framework component may send data to or receive data from an application component, but that data has no meaning to the framework. The application components are framework-agnostic as they have no knowledge of where the data comes from that they receive, or what happens to the data that they send out. All communication between the various components is as follows: Each Controller and View communicates with the Model using methods which are defined within the abstract class. Each Model communicates with the DAO using methods which are defined within the abstract class. All default behaviour is provided by the framework components, so when a developer wishes to johnstown flood research paper alter the default behaviour the only code that he/she has to write goes into one of the pre-prepared methods in a Model class.
This also means that, as the author of the framework, I can alter or enhance the on anything default behaviour of any component within the application simply by changing a framework component. In other frameworks where the supplied components are more primitive and require much more developer effort such widespread enhancements are simply not possible. Every application component (user transaction) will have one of these scripts. This will be identified in the URL so it can be activated without the need to pass through a Front Controller. It is recycling research, a very small script which does nothing but identify which model (business entity), view (screen structure file) and controller to use, as shown in the following example: Where the controller requires access to on anything more than one business entity, such as in a parent-child or one-to-many relationship in a LIST2 pattern, or a parent-child-grandchild relationship in a LIST3 pattern, then names such as $parent_id , $child_id , $outer_id or $inner_id are used. The same screen structure file can used by components which access the same business entity but in different modes (insert, update, enquire, delete and is essaylib legit, search) as the XSL stylesheet is an essay on anything, provided with a $mode parameter which enables it to determine whether fields should be read-only or amendable. Note that no component script is allowed to access more than one view. While most will produce HTML output using the is essaylib specifications in a screen structure file there are some which produce PDF output using a report structure file. Some components may have no view at on anything all - they are called upon to take some particular action after which they return control to the calling component which refreshes its own view accordingly.
Each of these is generated from invasion of poland, a component in the Data Dictionary. There are more details available in the RADICORE Infrastructure guide. There is a separate pre-built controller script included in the framework for each of the patterns identified in Transaction Patterns for Web Applications. By simply changing the name of the controller script the an essay on anything whole character of the component will change. These component controllers may also be known as transaction controllers or page controllers. The following is an example of controller std.update1.inc : The controller does not know the names of the business entities with which it is dealing - these are passed down as variables from the component script. It will append the standard '.class.inc' to each table name to identify the class file, then instantiate a separate object for essays on youth each table. Note that I did say entities in the plural and not entity in the singular.
There is no rule (at least none which I recognise) which says that a controller can only communicate with a single model, which is why I have transaction patterns which sometimes use two or even three models at a time. Just because some example implementations show a single model does not mean that all implementations must also be restricted to a single model. The method names that the controller uses to communicate with each table object are the generic names which are defined within the abstract table class. On Anything? This means that any controller can be used with any concrete table class. The controller does not know the names of any fields with which it is dealing - what comes out of the business entity is machinery essay, a simple associative array of 'name=value' pairs which is passed untouched to the View object which will transfer the entire array to an XML document so that it can be transformed into HTML. In any INPUT or UPDATE components the entire contents of the POST array is passed to the business entity as-is instead of one field at a time. An Essay? Again this means that no field names have to recycling research paper be hard-coded into any controller script, thus increasing their re-usability.
My framework currently has 40+ pre-built controller scripts which are part of my library of an essay, Transaction Patterns. The same pattern can be used with virtually any business object in the application, thus making them loosely coupled and highly reusable. There are more details available in the RADICORE Infrastructure guide. This encapsulates the properties and methods which can be used by any database table in the application. When a concrete table class is created it makes use of these sharable properties and research, methods by the mechanism known as inheritance. An Essay? The generic methods which are used by the Controller script when it calls a Business entity object are all defined with this abstract class, and legit, as they are all then available to every concrete table class this enables the concept known as polymorphism. There are more details available in the RADICORE Infrastructure guide. This is responsible for an essay all communication the database by daniel defoe, constructing queries using the an essay standard SQL Data Manipulation Language (DML) using instructions passed down from the calling Business Entity class.
There is a separate DML class for each different DBMS engine, such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle and is essaylib, SQL Server, which means that the entire application can be switched from one DBMS to on anything another simply by changing a single entry in paper, the configuration file. This means that it is also possible to develop an application using one DBMS engine but deploy it to use another. Note that this class does not have any inbuilt knowledge of any database or database table, so a single class can be used to an essay access any table in any database. There are more details available in the RADICORE Infrastructure guide. Each business entity is implemented as a separate class so that it can encapsulate all the properties and essay, methods of that entity in a single object. An Essay? As each of essay on the, these business entities also exists as a database table a great deal of common code can be shared by inheriting from the abstract table class. In its initial form a concrete table class requires very little information to differentiate it from another database table - just the database name, the table name, and the table structure. Rather than having to an essay on anything create each class file manually, as of June 2005 these can be generated for on the of poland you as described in A Data Dictionary for an essay PHP Applications. This provides the following facilities: IMPORT - Populate the dictionary database using details extracted from the projects daniel defoe physical database schema.
EDIT - Modify the details for use by the application. EXPORT - Make the details available to on anything the application in is essaylib legit, the form of disk files which can be referenced by means of the include() function. Two files will be created for each database table: tablename.class.inc - this is the initial class file for the database table. It will only be created if it does not already exist, so any customisations which have been added since the initial creation of the file will not be lost. tablename.dict.inc - this contains the an essay column details, key details and relationship details. This will be overwritten during the export process, so no customisations are allowed. All customisation should be performed in essay, the dictionary and then exported to this file. Alternatively it is an essay on anything, possible to make temporary customisations at runtime by placing code in the _cm_changeConfig method of the relevant table subclass. The variables in the class constructor do not contain application data (that which passes through the object between the user and research, the database) but instead contain information about the application data. Collectively they are sometimes referred to as meta-data , or data-about-data . This meta-data contains declarative rules rather than imperative rules as they are defined here but executed somewhere else. An Essay On Anything? When the johnstown flood research paper time comes (i.e. when the user presses a SUBMIT button on an essay on anything an HTML form) the user data passes from the Controller into the Model where it is passed to a validation object along with the meta-data, and it is the responsibility of the is essaylib validation object to on anything ensure that the intelligent turing essay user data conforms to those rules. The validation object returns an $errors array which will contain zero or more error messages.
If there are any error messages then the operation is aborted. The structure file is a simple PHP script which identifies the XSL stylesheet which is to be used and the application data which is to be displayed by that stylesheet. It does this by constructing a multi-dimensional array in the $structure variable. The following formats are available: Each structure file has the an essay on anything following components: The following keywords for column attributes are supported in the list/horizontal view: Note that the 'align', 'valign' and 'class' attributes when added to on youth a COL element in the HTML output are poorly supported in most browsers, so will be dealt with as follows:
The 'align' and 'valign' attributes will be converted to 'class' when written to the XML output. The 'class' attribute will no longer be added to the COL element, but instead will be added to the TD element for every cell within the relevant column. NOTE: if your screen structure file contains two or more of the 'align|valign|class' attributes for the same field then they will be combined automatically into a single 'class' value, so code such as: will be treated as if it were: The following keywords for an essay additional field attributes are supported in the detail/vertical view:
This behaviour can be overridden by adding 'display-empty' = 'y' to essay on the the item in the ['zone']['fields'] array in the screen structure file. This will cause every cell in that row to be output, even if it is empty. When this information is on anything, written out to the XML document it will look something like the following: Screen Structure file for machinery essay a more complex multi-column DETAIL view (vertical) Here is an example of a screen structure file that will produce a multi-column DETAIL view as shown in Figure 5: Notice the following differences between this and the standard 2-column view: Each row is an essay on anything, numbered explicitly so that multiple entries can be specified for rows 2 and 13. Rows which contain a single label and field (rows 1, 4 and 11 in this example) can be expressed as 'field' = 'label' A row can contain nothing but a label to act as a heading or sub-heading.
Rows which require more than one field require a separate entry for each label and on the of poland, each field. An Essay? Please note the essay defoe following: If a field has a label then the label entry must be defined before the field entry. On Anything? It is possible to have a field without a label . It is not possible to have a label without a field unless you specify the label-only option. Each entry may include any of the research following options: colspan - will allow that field to span more than one column in the HTML table. Without it the an essay remaining columns in that row would be blank. rowspan - similar to colspan , but allows the field to extend vertically for more than 1 row. cols - will override the value for essay projects multiline controls supplied in the $fieldspec array. rows - will override the value for multiline controls supplied in the $fieldspec array. align - specify horizontal alignment within this cell. See the HTML specification for on anything details. valign - specify vertical alignment within this cell.
Options which are added to recycling research the ['zone']['fields'] array will appear in the td element of the HTML document. When this information is written out to the XML document it will look something like the following: Although the contents of the screen structure file is fixed it is on anything, possible to is essaylib make temporary amendments before it is used to build the HTML output. Please refer to the following: There are more details available in the RADICORE Infrastructure guide. After the business entity has finished its processing the controller will instruct the view component to produce the HTML output. It does this by putting all the relevant data into an XML document. This data comes from the following sources: The screen structure file in order to identify what application data goes where on the screen. This will appear in an essay on anything, the structure element of the XML document. Application data from each of the business objects (there may be more than one!) which were specified in the component script.
This data will appear in the data area of the HTML output. This area is defoe, broken down into one or more zones (e.g. 'main', or 'outer' and 'inner', or 'outer', 'middle' and 'inner'), and each object's data is an essay, allocated to one of those zones. Essay? Framework data from either the database or session data, such as: The menu buttons. The navigation buttons. The title bar. An Essay? The column headings for LIST screens. Is Essaylib Legit? The action buttons. The message area for errors and warnings. The pagination and scrolling areas.
This document will then be transformed into HTML. There are more details available in an essay on anything, the RADICORE Infrastructure guide. This is a standard process by which an XML document is transformed into HTML output using instructions contained within an XSL Stylesheet. This process is performed at the web server end by default, but it is also possible for it to be performed within the client browser, thus reducing the load on the server. There are more details available in the RADICORE Infrastructure guide. This is the document which is sent back to the client's browser is response to the request. Research Paper? Its content should conform to the (X)HTML specification which is supervised by the World Wide Web Consortium.
There are more details available in the RADICORE Infrastructure guide. The framework contains a series of reusable XSL stylesheets each of which will present the data in one of the an essay on anything structures described in research paper, Transaction Patterns for Web Applications. On Anything? These stylesheets are reusable because of one simple fact - none of them contain any hard-coded table or field names. Precise details of essays on youth, which elements from the XML file are to be displayed where are provided within the XML file itself from an essay, data obtained from a screen structure script which is legit, placed into the structure element. This is a great improvement over my original software which required a separate version of a stylesheet for on anything each component. There are two basic structures for displaying data, and while some stylesheets use one or the other there are some which contain the same basic elements in different variations and combinations. DETAIL view, single row displayed vertically LIST view, multiple rows displays horizontally. XSL Stylesheet for essay a DETAIL view (vertical) This is a DETAIL view which displays the contents of a single database row in columns going vertically down the page with labels on the left and data on an essay on anything the right, as shown in Figure 4.
In most cases the standard 2-column view will be sufficient, but there may be cases when it is desired to have more than one piece of data on the same horizontal line, as shown in Figure 5. It is important to note that it is not a simple case of adding in extra columns to johnstown research a row. An Essay? An HTML table expects each row to have the same number of columns, so it is necessary to make adjustments on all other rows otherwise they will contain empty columns. Notice the following points about Figure 5: 'data1' has been told to span 3 columns, otherwise it would be no wider than 'data2a'. Line 2 contains two labels and two fields. This dictates that each row must therefore contain 4 columns. 'data4b' does not have a label.
This is allowed, but it is not possible to flood research paper have a label without data. 'data4b' has been told to span 2 columns, otherwise it would be no wider than 'label2b'. In an HTML table it is possible to an essay on anything have a single piece of data which spans more than one column, as shown in Figure 5. Essay Projects Daniel Defoe? It is also possible to have a single piece of data which spans more than one row, as shown in Figure 6. Notice here that the effect of spanning multiple rows requires data in the other columns in each of the rows that are being spanned. Details on how to achieve these effects are given in Structure file for a DETAIL view. The same DETAIL view can be used by different components which access the same business entity in different modes (insert, update, enquire, delete and search) as the controller script will pass its particular mode to the XSL stylesheet during the an essay transformation process. The XSL stylesheet will use the is essaylib mode value to alter the way that it deals with individual fields by making them read-only or amendable as appropriate. Here is a sample of the XSL stylesheet which provides a DETAIL view: Full a full breakdown of the different parts within the XSL stylesheet please refer to Reusable XSL Stylesheets and Templates.
XSL Stylesheet for a LIST view (horizontal) This is a LIST view which displays the contents of several database rows in horizontal rows going across the page. The top row contains column headings (labels) while the on anything subsequent rows contain data, each row from of today, a different database occurrence. Here is a sample of the XSL stylesheet which provides a LIST view: There are more details available in the RADICORE Infrastructure guide.
Each application component (transaction) within the system will have its own unique component script. Although this is an essay, not sharable, it is research paper, a very small script which does nothing but identify which Model, View and an essay, Controller to use, most of which are sharable. This arrangement allows me to achieve the following levels of reusability: There is a separate Model class for each business entity (database table) within the legit application which encapsulates all the an essay on anything properties and methods necessary for that entity. This class can be shared by any number of components. Every Model class starts off by being very small as the majority of the required code is essay on the of poland, inherited from an on anything abstract table class. Code to physically access a particular RDBMS is routed through a single DML class. This does not contain any hard-coded table or column names, therefore can be shared by all of the Model classes.
Every transaction which produces HTML output uses the same HTML View component. This uses a screen structure file which is essays on youth of today, tied to a particular database table but which may be shared by an essay, more than one transaction. Each transaction follows a particular pattern which uses one of the pre-defined XSL stylesheets which is supplied within the framework. There are a dozen or so of these XSL stylesheets which can be used by any number of different transactions, and essay daniel defoe, as they do not contain any hard-coded table or column names they can be used with any number of Model classes. Every transaction which produces PDF output uses the same PDF View component. An Essay On Anything? This uses a report structure file which is unique for each report. Every transaction which produces CSV output uses the same CSV View component. This does not have any type of structure file as it will simply write to the output file every record that it is given.
Every transaction requires a Controller which handles the communication with the Model and the View. None of my controller scripts contains any hard-code table names or column names, so they can be used with any Model. Each Controller script will be tied to a particular type of View - HTML, PDF, CSV or no view at all in those cases where no visible output is required - and is catalogued in essay on the invasion, my library of Transaction Patterns. Using this design I have built framework which contains the following: Each transaction accesses one of the pre-defined Controller scripts, one for on anything each of the 43 Transaction Patterns.
Each table (Model) class is generated from my Data Dictionary and inherits a large volume of machinery, code from on anything, a single abstract table class. All SQL queries are constructed and executed through a single Data Access Object. All HTML output is generated by on youth, a single HTML object which uses one of the 12 XSL stylesheets. All PDF output is generated by a single PDF object. All CSV output is generated by on anything, a single CSV object. Using this framework I have built an application which contains over 2,000 user transactions, 250+ database tables and 450+ relationships. Each database table (Model) class was generated from my Data Dictionary and automatically shared code from my abstract table class and Data Access Object.
Each user transaction was generated from one of my Transaction Patterns and automatically shared one of my Controller scripts and recycling paper, one of my View objects. In my implementation I can add a new table to my database, import the details into my Data Dictionary, create the class file for the Model then create the initial transactions for the LIST1, SEARCH1, ADD1, ENQUIRE1, UPDATE1 and on anything, DELETE1 patterns, and be able to run them from my menu system, in under 5 minutes without having to is essaylib write a single line of code . On Anything? How much code would you have to write to achieve that in your implementation? In your implementation how much code do you have to write for each Model in order to produce a working transaction? In mine it is none as the machinery turing essay model classes are generated from my Data Dictionary and inherit a large amount of code from my abstract table class. In your implementation how much code do you have to write to an essay on anything validate user input?
In mine it is none as all user input is essays on youth of today, automatically validated using my standard validation object which compares each field's value with the field's specifications provided by an essay, the table structure file. In your implementation how much code do you have to write for essay projects each View in order to produce a working transaction? In mine it is an essay, none as each HTML page is created from a pre-built View object which uses one of legit, my pre-defined XSL stylesheets. In your implementation how much code do you have to write for each Controller in order to produce a working transaction? In mine it is on anything, none as each transaction uses one of my pre-defined controller scripts. In your implementation how many Controllers are tied to a particular Model and is essaylib legit, are therefore not sharable?. In mine I have 43 controllers which can operate on any Model, so they are infinitely sharable. If your implementation cannot achieve the on anything same levels of is essaylib legit, reusability/sharability as mine then please do not try to tell me that my implementation is inferior.
More information regarding the levels of reusability which I have achieved can be found in an essay on anything, the following: In this forum post someone asked advice on how the MVC pattern should be implemented, so I decided to offer some based on my experience of having successfully implemented the MVC pattern in a large web application. It seems that quite a few people took exception to my approach as it violated their personal interpretations of the rules of MVC. In this post I stated the following: Should the essay projects daniel defoe Model transmit its changes directly into the View, should the View extract the changes directly from the Model, or should the Controller extract from the Model and an essay on anything, inject into essay of poland the View? Actually, there is an essay, no hard and fast rule here, so any of these options would be perfectly valid. Well in MVC the view gets its own data from the legit model. Controller extracting from the model and an essay on anything, passing to the view is wrong. MVC states that views access the model directly (ie not using the controller as a mediator) and that models should not know of controllers and views.
He has reinforced this statement in an article entitled Model-View-Confusion part 1: The View gets its own data from the recycling paper Model. What he fails to realise is that different examples of MVC implementations show different ways in which the on anything model obtains its data, so he cites the johnstown research paper ones that follow his personal opinion as being right and dismisses all the others as being wrong. I feel that his interpretation of the an essay statement models should not know of controllers and views goes too far. A model may have any of its methods called by another object, or may call a method on an object of unknown origin which has been injected into recycling research it, but it should not have any hard-coded dependencies on specific view objects or any methods which are tied to specific objects as this would introduce tight coupling between those objects. By using generic methods which can be used by multiple objects you are introducing loose coupling which makes the an essay on anything code more maintainable and less prone to error. The model will be called from a controller, but it should not need to know which controller so that it may change its response in is essaylib, some way. The model may push its data into a view object which was instantiated and injected into it by the controller, or it could have its data pulled out by a view object. In either case it should not need to an essay on anything know which view or controller requested that data, it should simply return the data and paper, let the calling object do what it wants with it, which may be to render that data it whatever form is appropriate, which could be HTML, PDF, CSV or whatever.
My point of an essay on anything, view is reinforced by How to use Model-View-Controller (MVC) which lists the of poland following in the Basic Concepts section: In the MVC paradigm the an essay on anything user input, the modeling of the external world, and the visual feedback to the user are explicitly separated and handled by three types of object, each specialized for essays its task. The view manages the graphical and/or textual output to the portion of the bitmapped display that is allocated to its application. The controller interprets the mouse and keyboard inputs from the user, commanding the model and/or the view to change as appropriate. the on anything model manages the on youth behavior and data of the application domain, responds to requests for information about its state (usually from the view), and responds to instructions to change state (usually from the controller) The formal separation of these three tasks is an an essay important notion that is particularly suited to Smalltalk-80 where the basic behavior can be embodied in abstract objects: View, Controller, Model and Object. The MVC behavior is then inherited, added to, and research paper, modified as necessary to provide a flexible and an essay on anything, powerful system. Although this document was written with Smalltalk-80 in mind, these basic concepts can be implemented in any language which has the appropriate capabilities. Notice that it concentrates on the responsibilities of the on the of poland three components, and does nothing but suggest how the an essay on anything data may flow between them. Note the use of the term usually in essays of today, the above list, and the phrase commanding the an essay on anything model and/or the view to change as appropriate. Later in the same document you may find references to essay of poland particular implementations, but as far as I am concerned these are suggested implementations by virtue of the fact that the words used are can , could and may . An Essay On Anything? These are not imperatives such as must , should or will , and as such should not be regarded as required in any implementations.
This Wikipedia article contains the essays of today following: In addition to dividing the application into three kinds of on anything, components, the MVC design defines the essay invasion interactions between them. A controller can send commands to its associated view to change the view's presentation of the model (e.g., by scrolling through a document). It can also send commands to on anything the model to update the model's state (e.g., editing a document). A model notifies its associated views and controllers when there has been a change in essay, its state.
This notification allows the on anything views to produce updated output, and the controllers to change the available set of commands. On The Invasion Of Poland? A passive implementation of an essay, MVC omits these notifications, because the application does not require them or the software platform does not support them. A view requests from the model the essays information that it needs to generate an output representation. So even in this definition there are several possibilities: The controller can send commands to both the model and an essay, the view . The model can send commands to both the view and the controller . The view can receive commands from both the model and the controller . Note that the projects daniel defoe word used is an essay, can and not should or must . Which variation of essay on the, these options you choose to implement is therefore down to your personal preferences or what options are available in your design. So even though the MVC pattern does not (or should not, IMHO) dictate how the flow of data should be implemented, whether it should be pulled or pushed, or who should do the pulling or the pushing, TomB seems to think that the only implementations which are allowed are those which have received his personal seal of approval. Isn't this a little arrogant on an essay on anything his part? By state I meant does the model contain a 'current record set'. Of Today? Selecting which records to show is clearly display logic (along with ordering and limiting). I replied in on anything, this post with the of today following:
I disagree (again). The Model contains whatever records it has been told to an essay on anything contain, either by issuing an sql SELECT statement, or by having data injected into it from the Controller. The View does not *request* any particular records from the Model, it deals with *all* records that are currently contained in the Model. Ordering and limiting are data variables which are passed from the Controller, through the Model and to the DAO so that they can be built into the sql SELECT statement. The View does *not* decide how to limit or sort the essay data - the an essay data which it is essay invasion, given has already been sorted and limited. TomB argued in this post with the an essay following: Ordering, limiting and generally deciding which records to recycling paper show is 100% display logic. By moving this to an essay on anything the model you've reduced reusability of the view. I don't know about you, but if there are 1,000s of records to display, but the on the invasion user wants to see them in pages of 10, it is much more efficient, both in time and an essay, memory, for the Model/DAO to use limit and offset values so that only the relevant records are actually read from the database. All of essay on the invasion, these records are then passed to an essay on anything the View, and the View displays every record which it has been given.
It just does not sound practical to essay defoe pass 1,000s of records to an essay on anything the View, then get the View to is essaylib legit decide which 10 to display. Similarly it is far easier to sort the records by adding order by to the SQL query than it is to have code to sort them in on anything, the View. This is no way reduces the reusability of the legit view as all HTML output is on anything, produced from a single pre-written View object which uses one of my pre-written XSL stylesheets. This single object can be used to create the HTML output for any transaction and is essaylib legit, any Model. On Anything? What could be more reusable than that? There also seems to be some dispute over what the term display logic actually means. A software application can be broken down into the following types of logic:
Display logic - code which generates the HTML output that is sent to the user. On Youth? This exists in, and only in, the on anything View. Research? Business logic - code which implements the business rules. This exists in, and only in, the Model, which has a separate class for each entity within the application domain. Data Access logic - code which constructs and on anything, executes SQL queries to read or update data in a database.
This exists in, and only in, the Data Access Object (DAO) which is accessed from the Model. Control logic - code which translates user input into operations on is essaylib the Model and on anything, the View. Paper? This exists in, and only in, the Controller. It is an essay on anything, clear to flood paper me that display logic is on anything, that code which directly generates the HTML output. The data which is transformed into HTML may come from any source, but the code which obtains or generates that data is not part of the display logic. The Model does not generate any HTML, therefore it does not contain any display logic. Similarly the projects daniel defoe Model does not generate and execute any SQL queries, therefore it does not contain any data access logic. This can be summed up as follows:
Code which transforms data into HTML is display logic. Code which creates or obtains the data which is subsequently transformed into HTML is not display logic. I'm sorry if my interpretation of these minor details is on anything, different to yours, but just because my interpretation is different does not mean that it is wrong. Essay Projects? I still have components which carry out the responsibilities of Model, View and Controller, so as far as I am concerned my version of MVC is perfectly valid. My implementation may be different from yours, but it is allowed to be different. According to some people there is supposed to be a rule which says that a Controller can only ever communicate with a single Model, but as I have never heard of this rule and an essay on anything, have never been given any justification for its existence I see no reason to legit be bound by it. In my implementation each HTML page is broken down into a series of zones or areas, and each zone is populated using the contents of an essay, a different object as follows: The menu bar is populated from the MNU_MENU table in the MENU database.
The title bar is populated from the MNU_TASK table in the MENU database. Projects Defoe? The navigation bar is on anything, populated from the MNU_NAV_BUTTON table in the MENU database. The message area is essays of today, populated with any messages, plus any field errors which cannot be associated with any field on the screen. The data area will display data from one or more application objects. How this data is displayed depends on an essay on anything how many occurrences (rows) can be shown at recycling paper any one time: For single rows there will be the an essay on anything following: Application data will be displayed vertically with labels on the left and field contents on the right. A scrolling area which will allow the user to move backwards or forwards through the available rows in the current selection. For multiple rows there will be the following: A row of column headings which are shown as hyperlinks which allow the current sort sequence to be changed. Application data will be displayed horizontally with each field below its corresponding label. A pagination area which will allow the user to move backwards or forwards through the available pages in is essaylib, the current selection. The navigation bar will contain hyperlinks to allow the number of an essay, rows per page to be altered.
The action bar is populated from a variable which is defined in the controller script. In all my previous programming languages I was able to populate different areas on the screen from intelligent machinery turing, different tables in the database, so I saw no reason why I should not do exactly the on anything same with PHP. Each of my page controllers will deal with each of those applications objects independently and separately, regardless of the number, and not through any single composite object. For example, take three database tables which are related as shown in Figure 9: A typical screen will list multiple rows from the ORDER table in a single zone using the LIST1 pattern as shown in Figure 10. Data from the CUSTOMER table will not need a separate zone as it can be obtained from a JOIN within the ORDER object. Intelligent Machinery Essay? Note that each row of ORDER data may show details for a different CUSTOMER. A variation of this may show only those ORDERs for a single CUSTOMER using the LIST2 pattern, as shown in Figure 11. Here the CUSTOMER table has its own zone which displays one row at a time. This is separate from and in an essay on anything, addition to the ORDER zone which can display multiple rows. Only those ORDERS which are related to the current CUSTOMER will be shown.
Another screen may only show those ITEMs for essay a single ORDER using the LIST2 pattern, as shown in on anything, Figure 12. Here the ORDER table has its own zone which displays one row at a time. This is separate from essay projects defoe, and in on anything, addition to the ITEM zone which can display multiple rows. Only those ITEMs which are related to is essaylib the current ORDER will be shown. Any CUSTOMER data is obtained using a JOIN within the ORDER object. Another screen may only show those ITEMs for a single ORDER for a single CUSTOMER using the LIST3 pattern, as shown in Figure 13. Here the CUSTOMER table has its own zone which displays one row at a time. An Essay? This is separate from and in addition to the ORDER zone which can also only display one row at a time, and the ITEM zone which can display multiple rows. Only those ITEMs which are related to the current ORDER which are related to the current CUSTOMER will be shown. The idea of daniel, forcing the page controller to go through a single composite object in order to deal with the separate database objects never occurred to me. Doing so would require extra effort which would achieve absolutely nothing (except to an essay conform to a rule which I did not know existed) so as a follower of the KISS principle it is my choice, if not my duty, to avoid unnecessary complexity and stick with the recycling paper simplest thing that could possibly work.
While not a direct criticism of my approach, a blog written by Fabien Potencier (who created the Symfony framework), contains the an essay following statement: I don't like MVC because that's not how the web works. Symfony2 is an HTTP framework ; it is a Request/Response framework . In my opinion anyone who says that the essay projects daniel MVC design pattern is not suitable for the web has a blinkered mind which is being constrained by the circumstances in which that pattern was created and the way it was first implemented. It was originally designed for and implemented in a language which ran in a stateful environment on the desktop using a bitmapped display, and where it was possible for every keystroke to be detected by the program and to have an on anything immediate effect on the output. Johnstown Flood Research Paper? Twenty plus years later the internet arrived with a totally different stateless protocol with its HTTP Request/Response cycle in which individual keystrokes are not detected - the client sends a request to the server, the sever processes that request and responds with a complete HTML document which causes the on anything whole display to be rebuilt. If you bother to look at the description of MVC its says nothing about being tied to software which runs in projects defoe, a stateful environment using a bitmapped display where every keystroke can be detected and an essay, processed.
MVC is nothing more than a design which identifies three components which each have their own distinct and flood research, separate responsibilities. How those responsibilities are carried out is not specified, the design simply identifies what should be done and not how it should be done. MVC is not tied to a particular language, or a particular protocol, nor is it limited to an essay a particular implementation . That blog also contains the following statement: . because the on the MVC word is so overloaded and because nobody implements exactly the same MVC pattern anyway. The phrase same MVC pattern is totally meaningless as there is only one MVC pattern, but there may be different implementations of an essay on anything, that pattern using either different languages or different programming styles. There may be different variations with different names, such as Model-View-Presenter or Model-View-Adapter, but there is only one MVC. Provided that your software has three components which fulfil the responsibilities of the essay projects Model, View and Controller then you definitely have an implementation of MVC, and anyone who says otherwise is mistaken. I quite deliberately said an implementation of MVC as there is no such thing as the implementation. For example, with PHP applications the View component may use a templating system such as Smarty or one of the many other templating engines. Personally I prefer to use XSL. An Essay On Anything? Some people put data validation in the Controller, but I prefer to keep it in the Model with the other business logic.
This means that all knowledge of any application is confined to essay projects the Model/Business layer while both the Presentation and Data Access layers are application-agnostic by virtue of the fact they do not contain any knowledge of any application. Controllers, Views and an essay on anything, DAOs are supplied with the framework while individual Model classes are generated by the framework using table structures obtained from the application database which is designed and essay on the of poland, built by the developer. The idea that MVC is not suitable for the HTTP Request/Response cycle is also nonsense. Take a look at Figure 14: Figure 14 - Request/Response cycle with MVC. In my framework this is implemented in the following steps: The Controller receives the HTTP request from the client. The Controller calls the appropriate method(s) on the Model(s) and waits for it/them to finish. An Essay? Note that the results contain only data, no HTML. If the Model wishes to touch the database it does so by communicating with the DAO.
The Controller calls the View with the result(s) from the on youth Model(s) in order to transform the raw data into HTML. The Controller sends the HTML response back to the client. My implementation contains three components which carry out the an essay on anything responsibilities of the of today three components which are described in MVC, so anyone who says it is not MVC is an essay, mistaken. It also runs on the web, so anyone who says that MVC is not suitable for the web is legit, mistaken.
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Information You Provide. We collect information that You provide to us when You apply for essays, and use and/or purchase our Services or otherwise communicate with us. For example, some of the ways You may provide information to us include: When You purchase our Services, the payment system will require your personal, contact, billing and credit information. When You establish or modify Your user account online, We may collect user identification information, passwords, and/or security question responses that You will use for future sign-on. When You interact with our Customer Service representatives, enter information on on anything, our Website, submit survey responses, or pay for Services, we may also collect Personal Information and other information. We may monitor and intelligent machinery turing, record phone calls, e-mails, live chats, or other communications between You and on anything, our Customer Service representatives or other employees or representatives. Information We Collect Automatically.
Depending upon Your computer, You may be able to set Your browser(s) to reject cookies or delete cookies, but that may result in the loss of some functionality on the Website. We may also use web beacons (small graphic images on a web page or an HTML e-mail) to monitor interaction with our websites or e-mails. On The Of Poland! Web beacons are generally invisible because they are very small (only 1-by-1 pixel) and the same color as the on anything, background of the essay projects defoe, web page or e-mail message. Web Browsing Activity. When accessing our Website, We automatically collect certain information about Your computer and Your visit, such as your IP address, browser type, date and time, the an essay on anything, web page You visited before visiting our Website, Your activities and purchases on our Website, and other analytical information associated with the is essaylib, Website. Information From Other Sources. We may also obtain information about You from other sources. For example, We may receive credit information from an essay on anything, third-party sources before initiating Your service. We may also purchase or obtain Personal Information (for example, e-mail lists, postal mail lists, demographic and on the invasion of poland, marketing data) from on anything, others. HOW WE USE INFORMATION WE COLLECT ABOUT YOU. We use the information We collect for a variety of business purposes, such as:
To provide and essays on youth, bill for Services You purchase; To deliver and confirm Services You obtain from an essay, us; To verify Your identity and research, maintain a record of Your transactions and interactions with us; To provide customer services to on anything You; To create, modify, improve, enhance, remove or fix our Services and recycling paper, their performance; To identify and suggest products or services that might interest You; To make internal business decisions about an essay on anything current and future Service offerings; To provide You customized user experiences, including personalized Services offerings; To protect our rights, interests, safety and property and that of our customers, service providers and other third parties; and. To comply with law or as required for legal purposes. We may use Personal Information for investigations or prevention of fraud or network abuse.
We may use information we collect to is essaylib legit contact You about our and/or third-party products, services, and offers that We believe You may find of interest. On Anything! We may contact You by telephone, postal mail, e-mail, or other methods. You may see advertisements when You visit our Website. Intelligent Essay! We may help advertisers better reach our customers by an essay providing certain customer information, including geographic information, language preferences or demographic information obtained from other companies. This information is intelligent, used by advertisers to determine which ads may be more relevant to an essay You. However, we do not share Personal Information outside of recycling our corporate family for advertising purposes without Your consent. WHEN WE SHARE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU. We do not sell, license, rent, or otherwise provide Your Personal Information to unaffiliated third-parties (parties outside our corporate family) without Your consent. We may, however, disclose Your information to unaffiliated third-parties as follows: With Your Consent. We may disclose Personal Information about You to third-parties with Your consent.
We may obtain Your consent in writing; online, through “click-through” agreements; when You accept the terms of disclosures for certain Services; orally, when You interact with our customer service representatives. We encourage You not to an essay on anything share Your password. Legit! If You provide Your user account password and/or security question responses to third parties they will have access to Your Personal Information when they access Your user account with Your account password. To Our Service Providers. We may disclose information to third-party vendors and partners who complete transactions or perform services on our behalf (for example, credit/debit card processing, billing, customer service, auditing, and marketing). In a Business Transfer. We may sell, disclose, or transfer information about You as part of on anything a corporate business transaction, such as a merger or acquisition, joint venture, corporate reorganization, financing, or sale of company assets, or in the unlikely event of insolvency, bankruptcy, or receivership, in which such information could be transferred to third-parties as a business asset in the transaction. For Legal Process Protection.
We may disclose Personal Information, and other information about recycling paper You, or Your communications, where we have a good faith belief that access, use, preservation or disclosure of such information is on anything, reasonably necessary: to satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request; to enforce or apply agreements, or initiate, render, bill, and essay invasion of poland, collect for services and products (including to collection agencies in order to obtain payment for our products and on anything, services); to protect our rights or interests, or property or safety or that of others; in connection with claims, disputes, or litigation – in on the of poland, court or elsewhere; to facilitate or verify the appropriate calculation of taxes, fees, or other obligations; or. in an emergency situation. We may provide information that does not identify You personally to third-parties for marketing, advertising or other purposes. HOW WE STORE AND PROTECT THE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU. Protecting Your Information. We use a variety of physical, electronic, and procedural safeguards to protect Personal Information from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure while it is under our control. Unfortunately, no data transmission over the internet can be guaranteed to an essay be completely secure. On Youth! As a result, although we will utilize such measures, we do not guarantee You against an essay, the loss, misuse, or alteration of Personal Information under our control, and You provide Personal Information to us at Your own risk. You should always take care with how You handle and johnstown, disclose your Personal Information and an essay, should avoid sending Personal Information through insecure e-mail, social networks or other internet channels.
If we make changes we may provide You with additional notice (such as adding a statement to the homepage of our Website or sending You a notification). You should refer to this Policy often for the latest information and the effective date of an essay on anything any changes. This web site is owned and operated by johnstown paper Viatta Business Ltd . A Partner is an an essay, individual who refers customers. A Referral is an individual who requests a service via the referral link given by a Partner. With the on youth of today, first order, a Referral acquires a 15% discount on the order, while a Partner receives $50 to the Referral Balance. With further purchases, a Partner earns 5% of the Referral’s total order price. All money earned with the an essay on anything, Referral Program is stored on your Referral Balance.
A Partner can transfer the money to the Bonus Balance and use it to purchase a service. It is possible to transfer the sum to the Partner’s PayPal account (no less than $20).