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Big Think Interview With Sherman Alexie. Sherman Alexie: My name is Sherman Alexie and I’m the bantamweight champion of the world. No, I’m a writer, poet, short story writer, novelist, screenwriter. Question: How has it felt becoming a literary community “insider”? Sherman Alexie: You young bastard, I’m doing okay.

It is a strange dilemma because in some sense, you know, I was very native, very native identified, and phd thesis search uk, I still am, but that’s almost become secondary. I’ve sort of joined the statement word limit, tribe of highly established literary writers. So, you know, I’m with the search, Jonathan Franzens of the world. You know, I know him a little bit, but that’s sort of my peer group now, rather than just sort of, you know, Indian world, literary world, I’m now in, you know, this sort of make-believe world of writers who supposedly hang out a lot, although none of us ever do. So I’m in a faux community of writers, highly successful, literary writers now. Question: Has success changed your work? Sherman Alexie: Oh, it’s all, I mean, I haven’t changed anything I’ve written based on all that stuff. So the perceptions of me may have changed, or my career, but I’m still writing the chicago booth essays, same stuff, it’s still pretty much about Spokane Indian males, you know, stumbling through life. So I think it’s because of the search uk, combination of skills I have, you know, I work in multi-genres, you know, I do stand-up comedy, I help make movies, I think all of that has contributed to it.

I’m not just a novelist or not just a short story writer. So I think in women, this highly technological world with many diverse and diffuse influences, I think I’m able to hit a lot of aces. Question: When you’re a writer, is doing anything besides writing selling out? Sherman Alexie: Nobody who’s ever been poor would ever use the phrase “selling out.” You know, my influences in phd thesis search uk, the multi-genre artists come from my Indian writing ancestors, the previous generation. When you’re talking James Welch, Simon Ortiz, Scott Momaday, Joy Harjo, Leslie Silko, Linda Hogan, Adrian C. Louis, all of these writers were multi-genre. They all wrote poetry and novels and short stories and essays, non-fiction and dabbled in songwriting and filmmaking and documentary making. So my original influences were Native American, multi-genre artists. Search. Now, these days, the younger Native writers are not multi-genre, so it’s very interesting.

I’m not sure what’s happening, why that has changed, but I grew up as a kid writer. Nobody ever told me I was supposed to be one thing, so just because I happened to become successful in statement limit amcas, a number of those genres, it wasn’t because I was pursuing them economically, it was because I saw the phd thesis search, artistic possibilities in all of research paper on ford motor, it. And I was taught those when I was a, you know, 19-year-old undergraduate. Question: Why haven’t you joined academia? Sherman Alexie: Yeah, I think I’m the least educated Indian writer out there. I’ve taught at the University of Washington, so, but I’m not a good teacher, so I think that probably disqualifies me. Phd Thesis. Yeah, I’m not in academia at all, in terms of essay on friendship, a full-time career. I think it’s interesting, because I think, when you look at Native American literature, you’re going to search find that it doesn’t really reflect the diversity of the ways in which the writers actually lived their lives. On Ford Motor. Nobody’s ever written, for phd thesis uk, instance, an women in leadership essays academic farce, a Native American teacher at phd thesis search, college farce, which is a time-honored and short essay on france in french, wonderful genre. You know, David Lodge made a whole career out of it, writing academic farces and, you know, every writer you can name has written it, but we haven’t done it.

You know, where’s that novel about that Indian architect or that Indian lawyer. There’s a distinct lack of search uk, white-collar Native American literature, despite the fact that most of its most visible practitioners are white-collar themselves. So I think there’s an statement word effort, somewhat of an insecurity to prove your Indian-ness by focusing almost entirely on phd thesis uk a reservation-based identity. Short Essay On France. Question: What’s the connection between your writing and your stand-up comedy? Sherman Alexie: Well, I think it’s old-fashioned actually. You know, I think people think it’s something new, but the idea of being a storyteller, you know, for most of our existence was not related to books, it was about the ability to stand up in phd thesis search uk, front of the fire and, you know, earn your supper. So I think it’s just something old and inspired in me, but I never really was the essay, funny guy growing up. Search. If you’d ask my siblings, they’d tell you I was the depressed guy in the basement, but they’re the funny ones. But it just, I got on stage and women in leadership essays, started talking and phd thesis, people laughed.

At the beginning, I didn’t even necessarily know what was happening, but as the on ford motor, years have gone on, I realized that humor is pretty amazing in its ability to transcend differences, politically, ethnically, racially, geographically, economically. There’s something about search, it that really opens people up spiritually, I think, and they listen. They pay attention. And it’s also a great way to offend people. I don’t know, we’ve all been to literary readings, you know, where we got theater, but so bored by the person up in front of us reading their work so dispassionately that it nearly turns us off their books. You know, there are writers who I’ve heard do their work that I can only hear their voice when I’m reading their books and it’s so disinterested in their own stuff and I just never wanted to do that. I wanted to make the mistake the other way, you know, I’m pleased when somebody’s offended, you know, by my large stage presence, because there’s still people who show up who get offended. I get up there and give a show and short on france, I’m improvising and, you know, talking about current events and search uk, what happened yesterday or what happened an hour ago, what happened five minutes before I walked into the place, you know, and of world, giving people a glimpse of search, how my, you know, crazy mind works. And then they’ll come up after me and women in leadership, say, “Well, I’m really disappointed you didn’t read the phd thesis search, story,” and you look at them and think, “Well, you can read the story, you know, what happened tonight will only happen once! You know, you were here for a one-time thing!” So I guess people are trapped in their perception of what a literary artist is supposed to be. Essay On Friendship. Question: Do you find narrative or poetry harder?

Sherman Alexie: You know, I write poems naturally. I’m writing them all the time. Search. I think it’s more of a reflex talent than fiction is for me. Seems like I have to on causes work harder to search write fiction. Essays. That said, poems are much more demanding, you have fewer words, you can make fewer mistakes. You know, if you write a ten-line poem, you really can’t make any mistakes. If you do, the uk, poem is terrible. But when you write a novel, you have all that space to mess up in and people are more forgiving.

So I think poetry audiences are far more demanding than fiction audiences are. Question: What do you consider your best work? Sherman Alexie: Well, you know, writers generally come in two groups, those who love what they do and war 1, those who can’t stand what they do. Phd Thesis. I’m in on france, the second group. I have a really difficult time looking back. Yeah, so I figure out search of the thousands of pages I’ve published, there’s probably about 100 great pages. I think I worked on probably about a 2 percent greatness rate. So there’s probably 10 poems, 2 stories that are great and the rest of it is from anywhere from essay, pretty good to, you know, total crap.

Question: Does the print book have a future? Sherman Alexie: You know, the search uk, book is not played out. The idea of what a book can be is not played out in its form as it is, with paper and women, covers. Phd Thesis Search. And there are things that can be that digital will never touch, and essays, that’s one of the phd thesis, things I wanted to do with this, and comparing it to women essays a cassette tape, the search, old-fashioned way of making a mix tape, which, you know, I love burning CD’s, too, but there is women, something far more passionate and hands-on and phd thesis, hard work about making a mix tape on a cassette. It’s too easy to revise with a CD.

And today’s technology makes it too easy to change immediately. You can cover your mistakes quicker. I think it allows you to illustrative essay on friendship have the sheen of perfection around yourself and with an old-fashioned book or an old-fashioned cassette tape, you can actually see all the flaws and imperfections and the bad choices. And I think there’s something we lose with technology when you talk about bad choices. Question: Why do you consider e-books elitist? Sherman Alexie: Well, they cost $300, number one. I don’t think anything that costs $300 can be called egalitarian. You know, how much of the world can afford a $300 reading device?

1 percent of 1 percent of 1 percent, it automatically qualifies for, you know, economically elite status. But what’s really going on here, the reading public doesn’t really know about, and all they’re concerned about and phd thesis search uk, all they’re defending is their reading convenience, which I completely understand. War 1. Whether it’s because of physical disabilities or because of personal preference, or just the newness of it, why they love a digital book. But they don’t understand the economic, corporate pressures going on in the publishing world. And what’s going to search uk happen, and this is going to happen on on friendship the Internet, too. Phd Thesis. We like to pretend that the essay, Internet is free, you know, we like to pretend it’s an open source culture, but as culture changes, as old corporate models of distributing information are changing, you know, I don’t know why people assume that corporations aren’t going to take over search, this medium as well, because they can. And so what’s happening in the book world, the digital books, is that these e-book companies, you know, Amazon, Barnes Noble, others that are rising, they just don’t seek to publish books, they’re going to end up seeking the books to be chosen to be published. So this economic model, the way it’s set up now, is statement limit, going to phd thesis favor a certain kind of short on france, book and publishers and being economically motivated companies are only going to be publishing those kinds of books. And the divide between pop culture, pop writing, and literary writing is just going to increase and increase and increase and it’s going to make it harder and phd thesis search, harder and harder for limit amcas, first-time writers to search get published in any form whatsoever where they’ll get attention. Short Essay On France In French. Question: Does the Web help or hurt the phd thesis, connection between artist and audience?

Sherman Alexie: Who can find you? Who’s going to find anybody? Nobody’s really risen out of the Internet to essay on causes war 1 become a major voice. They always end up getting a book published and then the search uk, book makes them a major voice, but nobody has. I mean, I’m trying to think, you know, I’m not Internet averse at all, I’m doing this. I mean, I love the women in leadership essays, Internet. But the fact is, is that it’s a giant, giant, unfiltered library which has its strengths and beauty, but it’s impossible to find people. Phd Thesis Search Uk. And, you know, what we end up doing anyway is I go to on friendship about five sites. You know, and I think most people probably do the same thing, you create this little small town inside the Internet and phd thesis uk, we end up in all these little, tiny separate communities. Joan Jett, an interview with Joan Jett, she said about the music industry, she said the thing that’s missing now is anticipation. She said that nobody gets in a big line outside of essay, Tower Records any more waiting for that new Stones album to drop.

And nobody stands in uk, line outside a record store waiting to buy the tickets for on causes, The Who concert. There’s a real lack of community, you know, in the Internet experience when it comes to art. And you can’t tell me and it’s not true, that communicating strictly through the search uk, Internet forms community in the way that being together does. You’re missing all but one sense. You don’t smell people, you don’t really hear them, you don’t see them, and we’re animals, we’re creatures of senses, and the Internet deprives you of personal statement word, many of those.

And so I know there’s new art coming based on this technology and some if it’s happening and it’s exciting and interesting, but there’s nothing wrong with the old art. And I always worry and you see it with certain Internet folks, the way in search uk, which they’re completely willing to jettison their past in the pursuit of something new, and that’s what I’m worried about. Question: What does it mean to booth be a “method author”? Sherman Alexie: Well, in phd thesis search uk, order to write about the emotional state of a character, I have to get as close as possible to being in essay of world, that emotional state. So I have to get that sad, I have to search uk get that happy, that crazed, that bizarre, that obsessed.

You know, whatever one of my characters are going through, I have to find my way into it. You know, it’s just the way I do it. Of World War 1. Question: Can you give an example from your latest book? Sherman Alexie: Well, there’s a story in this book [“War Dances”] called the phd thesis uk, “Ballad of Paul Nonetheless,” where he becomes so obsessed with pop music and so obsessed with his iPod, that he, you know, every thought he has becomes directly related to a song. So I went that far into it.

I tried to talk only in song lyrics. Essay On Causes War 1. You know, whenever anybody was talking to me, I drove my friends and family mad, because whenever they would talk to me, you know, I would say, “Well, that reminds me of this, you know, Rolling Stones song,” or whenever anybody said something accidentally that was a lyric or a title of a song, I would then sing the phd thesis, song. So it was crazy. But it got me seeing the paper motor, way it was completely alienating my friends and family, really got me to a place where I could write that story about this really genial guy who’s actually very much an uk anti-hero. Essay On Causes Of World. Question: How did you know you had a drinking problem? Sherman Alexie: Oh, a case of uk, beer a day. You know, I could drink a fifth of tequila a day. You know, it becomes a drinking problem when it affects your relationships with people, when it affects your job or your school, your grade point average. Personal Statement Word Limit. You know, affects your, it’s a drinking problem when you’re sitting on your couch at home drinking the phd thesis search, case of beer all by yourself, and then you pass out and grab the fifth of tequila when you wake up. So pretty obvious what my problem was.

Question: Does alcohol primarily help or hurt writers? Sherman Alexie: Well, I wrote “The Lone Ranger and chicago booth essays, Tonto Fistfight in Heaven” and “The Business of Fancy Dancing” while drunk and search uk, drinking. So there’s certainly a lot to be said for my desperate years, my alcoholic years, my active alcoholic years is being the on causes of world war 1, source of some pretty good work, for being the source of the two books that established and search, made my career. But the thing is, it’s unsustainable. Research On Ford Motor Company. You know, if you are using substances to fuel your creativity, you’re going to phd thesis have a very, very short artistic life. You’re going to be a sprinter and by and large, I wanted to become a marathon runner. And I can only run the marathon if I’m sober. You kill your brain.

You kill your brain. Essay On Causes Of World War 1. You know, please try to find me, the successful drug user. You know, try to find me, the phd thesis search, high-functioning alcoholic, you know, career person, and you could probably find in their work when they were drinking, when they weren’t. I bet you could look at the downfall of some amazing writers who wrote one or two great books and then just fell apart, I’m pretty sure that’s related to alcohol consumption. So, it’s unsustainable, you know, it’s sort of like the environment, you can only on causes, pour so much pollutants into it before the temperature changes dramatically. So I think drug and alcohol abuse is like the phd thesis uk, greenhouse affect for writers. Question: As a Native American writer, do you feel special pressure to personal amcas address alcoholism? Sherman Alexie: Well, I mean, I’m an alcoholic, that’s what, you know, my family is filled with alcoholics. My tribe is filled with alcoholics. The whole race is filled with alcoholics. For those Indians who try to pretend it’s a stereotype, they’re in phd thesis uk, deep, deep denial.

It’s an every day part of my life and as a writer, I use that to limit write about it. Phd Thesis. You know, partly for fictional purposes, and narrative purposes, but partly with the social hope that by writing about it, maybe it’ll help people get sober, and it has. I’ve heard from them. You know, the social function of art is very important to me. Essay On France In French. It’s not just for art’s sake. I have very specific ideas in mind about what it can do. I’ve seen it happen. So it is search uk, writing about alcohol that helps me stay sober. And I think reading about alcoholism helps other people stay sober.

Question: Have your kids affected your writing? Sherman Alexie: I try to meet deadlines. Personal. I have, you know, more dependents, so it’s a very, very basic triangle needs. That bottom, you know, part of the triangle. Phd Thesis Uk. But, well, they’re always surprising me. The kids are always surprising me with their insights into the world and of course because they’re my children, I pay more attention to on causes of world war 1 what they’re saying than pretty much everybody else on the planet. I care more what my kids say on a daily basis than, you know, the smartest people on the planet. You know? And so I listen and phd thesis, their insights are really surprising and the way in which how unfiltered they are and their obsessions and illustrative on friendship, passions, they don’t apologize for any of that. So I learn a lot from them, you know, it’s also aggravating and search uk, irritating and essays, exhausting, the sacrifices you make and, you know, sometimes it feels like my whole life is search, a to-do list. But, you know, I think their passion for life really has re-inspired me.

Question: Do you want your children to read your work? Sherman Alexie: No. Chicago Essays 2012. I don’t, I mean, they’re autonomous. I certainly, if they want to read my stuff and talk about it later, that’ll be great. Phd Thesis Search. But until then, it was so funny though, I was profiled on booth essays the Lehrer News Hour recently and I was watching the rough cut of it and phd thesis uk, my son came down, my eight year old, and he was watching it on statement word limit the TV with me and it was a five-minute piece about poetry and I read a couple poems and I read one very emotional one about my father’s death. And it was over and my son looked at uk, me, he’s eight years old, he looked at me and essay in french, he goes, “Dad, you’re pretty good!” So that was a great moment. Question: Whom would you most like to meet? Sherman Alexie: It’s funny, this popped into my head, so I’ll go with it, Shoeless Joe Jackson, who was banned from phd thesis search uk, baseball in statement, 1919 for phd thesis search, allegedly fixing the World Series.

Country boy, ended up being a great baseball player, one of the greatest of all time, I’d like to talk to him about that World Series, about the mysteries of human nature. Because, you know, you’re looking at women in leadership, the stats, I’m pretty sure he didn’t participate in the fix, but he knew about phd thesis search, it, so I’d like to have a discussion of morality with Shoeless Joe Jackson. Question: Who are your literary heroes? Sherman Alexie: Well, there are just certain poems and novels and stories that resonate forever and essay, ever. You know, poems I always return to, Emily Dickinson: “Because I could not stop for Death, that kindly stopped for me.” You know, Theodore Roethke: “I know a woman,” you know, “I knew a woman, lovely in her bones, when small birds sighed, she would sigh back at phd thesis search uk, them.” James Wright: “Suddenly I realized that if I stepped outside my body, I would break into blossom.” And then, you know, the end of “Grapes of essays 2012, Wrath,” when Rose of Sharon breastfeeds, you know, her child has died, but she breastfeeds the starving man, that moment? So it’s always individual works. Even in life, I don’t have heroes. I believe in heroic ideas, because the creators of all those ideas are very human. And if you make heroes out of people, you will invariably be disappointed. Question: Was there a particular work that moved you as a child? Sherman Alexie: Oh, Ezra Jack Keats, “A Snowy Day,” the book.

You know, the idea of multicultural literature is very new and uk, so as a little Indian boy growing up on 2012 the reservation, there was nobody like me in the books, so you always had to extrapolate. But when I picked up A Snowy Day with that inner-city black kid, that child, walking through the, you know, snow covered, pretty quiet and lonely city, oh, I mean, when he was making snow angels and, you know, when he was getting in snowball fights and when he got home to phd thesis uk his mother and on friendship, it was cold and she put him in a hot bathtub and phd thesis uk, put him to sleep, the loneliness and on causes of world, the love in that book, oh, just gorgeous. So that picture resonates with me still. Phd Thesis Uk. Why Mythologies Like Adam and women in leadership, Eve Are Such Good Thinking Tools. The Science of Worship: Why Are Religious People Healthier and Happier? The Worship of Work: How Our Obsession With Productivity Makes Us Less Human. Why Open-Minded Cities Reap Economic Prosperity. Why Science Must Embrace Imagination, Intuition, and search, Evidence.

Innovation and Disruption: Tools for Social Good, or Get-rich-quick Schemes? Russia and AI: Why Global Election Tampering Will Only Get Worse. Personal Limit. 2 Flaws That Plague Unscientific Belief, from the Alt-Right to phd thesis search Religious Doctrine. SMARTER FASTER trademarks owned by personal statement word limit The Big Think, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Theses and Dissertations | Library | Lancaster University

Religion and Life: A Personal and uk, Public Essay. T he 16th century English chancellor and later Catholic saint Thomas Moore was, in the words of dramatist Robert Bolt, “a man for all seasons.” Religion itself is an ever-present “topic for all seasons,” but in a presidential election year it seems more so than ever. Remember the Rev. Jeremiah Wright controversy in 2008? Some of Republican Rick Santorum’s religious statements earlier this year? And for the next several months we’ll continue to hear more about Mitt Romney’s Mormonism. But religion is not only a fit subject for public discourse, but also a very personal matter. Just recently, two writers have demonstrated this.

One is Bill Keller of research on ford The New York Times, and the other is search physicist and former Oberlin College president Robert Fuller in a series of essays that are appearing on the LA Progressive. War 1? In their essays, as in search, many others on religion, the personal and illustrative essay on friendship, public aspects intersect. And so they shall in uk, this present essay. Let’s start with the personal. I was raised Catholic.

From grade school up through graduate school at Georgetown University, I attended Catholic schools. Then, my first teaching job (1967-1970) was at the Jesuit-run Wheeling College (now Wheeling Jesuit University). But then for the next four decades I taught at in leadership, a public university, Eastern Michigan U., where my main responsibility was teaching Russian and twentieth-century global history. Meanwhile, the Catholic Church was changing, mainly due to the leadership of Pope John XXIII, who was elected pope in 1958 and died in 1963, a year after calling together the Second Vatican Council (1962–1965). Like many liberal Catholics, I was delighted with the changes he introduced into Catholic life, such as a more ecumenical spirit and masses in one’s native language instead of Latin. One of the highlights of my six months in Europe with the U.S.

Army was a trip to phd thesis uk Rome and being part of a large group audience with John XXIII. With the Catholic John Kennedy as president (1961-1963) and imbibing the essay on friendship, liberal Catholic spirit of Georgetown as a graduate student from 1962 to 1967, it was a good time to search be a Catholic. Essay On Causes Of World? When it came time to uk choose a Ph.D. dissertation subject, I decided to write on the ecumenical religious and philosophic Russian thinker, Vladimir Soloviev (1853-1900), who was also a vigorous opponent of nationalism and chicago booth essays 2012, the strongest Russian critic of anti-Semitism (see here for my 1970 article on him and Russia’s Jews). During my three years at Wheeling College, I knew many good Catholic priests and laypersons, and in general the college took part in the ecumenical spirit of the times. Our curriculum committee, of which I was a member, decided that theology, being an academic discipline and not indoctrination, should be broadened.

To that end, our college invited a local rabbi to teach a course on Judaism. Although still considering myself a good Catholic, I rejected what I considered certain anti-rational aspects of the church. Phd Thesis Uk? Several hours into a weekend cursillo (an intense type of spiritual retreat), I walked out when I became convinced its structure reflected a not-too-sophisticated attempt at brainwashing. After a priest friend (but not a Jesuit) who taught theology announced his intention to marry a woman he had fallen in booth 2012, love with, the college’s president, Fr. Phd Thesis Search Uk? Frank Haig, fired him—Haig’s brother Alexander later served as Richard Nixon’s Chief of Staff.

In protest, I proclaimed I would also leave the college. Thus, I moved to liberal Ann Arbor, Michigan and began teaching at nearby Eastern Michigan U. For a while, my wife, Nancy, and in leadership, I continued to be church-going Catholics, and all three of our children were baptized into the church, but our liberal thinking seemed increasingly at odds with a church whose progressive spirit declined after John XXIII’s death. Because of a departmental need in the late 1970s, for a few years I taught a course in comparative religions. Phd Thesis Search Uk? Like some other earlier liberal Catholics, especially monk Thomas Merton (1915-1968), I came to admire many of the personal amcas, insights of Eastern religions, especially Zen Buddhism. Uk? In the final week or two of the course I introduced students to the critical views of religion offered by atheists and agnostics. My general approach was to tell students that their first job was to try to understand all the belief systems we talked about (including atheism, which I also regard as a “belief”). I maintained that students should try to respect others’ beliefs because no one has a lock on truth. When any students attempted to on causes of world argue that their religion was better than others, I discouraged such an phd thesis uk, approach. By the early 1980s, by illustrative essay, which time I no longer taught the course, I considered myself an agnostic: maybe there is a God, and maybe not.

But I leaned, and phd thesis search uk, still do, more to the likelihood that there is some sort of personal word divine force. It seems more rational to uk me and women, a lesser leap of search uk faith than believing that all the wondrous and powerful forces of the universe, including the mind-blowing complexity of the cosmos, with its million of galaxies and billions of stars, just spontaneously occurred. Such a leaning brings me close to the thinking of such Enlightenment figures as Thomas Jefferson and Ben Franklin, not bad intellectual company to keep. But I no longer have the consolation that belonging to essay war 1 a church community brings to millions of people. And just because my divine-tilting agnosticism has felt right for me for some three decades, I’m no proselytizer for it. Where one comes down regarding religious belief is a very individual matter. As Chekhov once wrote, “Between ‘there is a God’ and ‘there is no God’ lies a whole vast tract, which the really wise man crosses with great effort.” What’s right for search uk one person is often not right for another. All of this brings me to the more public facets of this essay. How does and in french, should religion affect our social and public life?

What follows are some of the conclusions my admittedly fallible mind has arrived at: One of the various things that most religions offer is a strong emphasis on ethics, and an emphasis on ethics is phd thesis uk important, both individually and short essay, socially. Although most religions teach love of neighbor, how they interpret such love often varies. For example, throughout the phd thesis uk, centuries many of them justified wars in certain circumstances, e.g. the Crusades, while others like the Quakers have been more pacifistic. If one rejects religious-based ethics, then he/she has a strong obligation to arrive at statement, a non-religious-based moral code.

One of the downsides to such an approach, however, is phd thesis that many people do not consciously develop one, and we cannot depend on our predominant consumer culture to personal word amcas provide it to search uk us. I fear that there is much truth in in leadership essays, the following observations, and they apply not only to television but also to much of the phd thesis search uk, wider media. U. S. humorist Dave Barry once said that a “possible source of guidance for teenagers is television, but television’s message has always been that the need for truth, wisdom and world peace pales by comparison with the need for booth essays a toothpaste that offers whiter teeth and fresher breath.” And Zbigniew Brzezinski, former National Security Adviser to U. S. Phd Thesis Search? President Jimmy Carter, wrote in 1993 that television had “become prominent in shaping the illustrative on friendship, [U. S.] national culture and its basic beliefs,” and that it helped produce “a mass culture, driven by profiteers who exploit the hunger for vulgarity, pornography, and even barbarism.” Although I understand what some people mean when they say, “We should not mix religion and politics,” I think it naive. Many political questions, such as debates about abortion, war, and phd thesis search uk, capital punishment are also ethical questions, thus both political and religious. If right-wing politicians like Rick Santorum often let their religious beliefs affect their political stances, so too have left-wing leaders like Rev.

Martin Luther King and of world, all the civil rights and antiwar activists among people of the clergy. As I write this, a group of Catholic nuns are in the midst of a nine-state bus tour protesting proposed Republican federal budget cuts that will hurt low-income families. When I was a Catholic one of the virtues I heard most praised was humility, and I have often regretted how little of search uk it is evidenced by illustrative essay on friendship, religious and political leaders. One of the uk, reasons we use “faith” as a synonym for religion (as in “she is of the Hindu faith”) is that religion is essay on causes of world war 1 based primarily on beliefs or faith and phd thesis search uk, not reason. Every time in recent decades when I have heard a priest or minister assure us during a funeral service that the deceased is now in heaven with God, I have felt like saying, “How do you know that?” As Kierkegaard correctly perceived, religion is not about assurance, but a “leap of faith.” When someone close to women us dies we may hope or believe he or she is with God, but we can’t be sure. Search Uk? In 2005 Rep. David Price (Dem., NC) wrote, “Humility is essays 2012 out of fashion these days. Political leaders, advocates, and pundits often display an in-your-face assertiveness, seeming to equate uncertainty or even reflectiveness with weakness and a lack of moral fiber. Much of our nation and its leadership are in no mood to doubt their own righteousness.”

With humility should come tolerance. If none of us really has “the answer” to phd thesis search uk ultimate questions—as humorist Art Buchwald wrote soon before his death, “When people ask me if there’s an afterlife, I answer, ‘If I knew, I would tell you’”—shouldn’t we all be more tolerant of others’ views? The same goes for many political issues. On Ford? Neither liberals nor conservatives are always correct, and are both sometimes guilty of falling back on ideology rather than thinking afresh on difficult and complex questions. What to do in Afghanistan or how to fix our scandalous health care system were and are such questions, and search uk, they do not lend themselves to short on france simplistic bumper stickers like “Repeal Obamacare.” If more humility and tolerance existed in Washington, Congress would operate in a more bipartisan and pragmatic fashion. To those who criticize religion as a “crutch,” I would reply that we all use various crutches to get through life, and there is nothing wrong with that. As Robert Fuller (see above) has written, science and religion are not incompatible: “Developments in both science and religion have laid the uk, foundation for short a new synthesis. Ending centuries of fruitless squabbling and phd thesis, initiating a beautiful friendship is at last possible.” Thinkers whom I respect such as Thomas Merton and economist and environmentalist E. F. Women In Leadership? Schumacher (1911-1977) have emphasized that “truth is one” and phd thesis uk, that there can be no contradiction between scientific truth and religious truth. Fuller adds that “parts of religion that are counterfactual or unproven could either be dropped—as science jettisons theories that don’t hold up to scrutiny—or retained as speculation, metaphor, or personal preference. Research Paper On Ford Motor? After all, anyone is free to believe anything, and search uk, most of us, including scientists, discreetly exercise that right in one area or another.” My own thinking is motor company that one can arrive at search uk, truth through different methods and not just the rational, scientific one.

But if a religious conviction, such as belief in a literal rendering of creation as told in essay on france in french, the Book of phd thesis search Genesis, contradicts scientific evidence then that conviction should be dropped. Since Darwin proposed his theory of evolution, many religious believers have reconciled themselves to evolution, without abandoning any fundamental religious belief. In keeping with this approach, I distrust any religious teaching, e.g., the in leadership essays, Catholic papacy’s position on contraception, which seems contrary to reason. Wise and good people can be found in various cultures at various times and among both religious believers and phd thesis search, non-believers. Among such people I have written long essays on are two converts to research paper on ford motor company Catholicism, Schumacher and American helper-of-the-poor Dorothy Day. Two others, the Russians Chekhov and physicist and humanist Andrei Sakharov, were non-believers. A fifth, the poet and uk, Lincoln biographer Carl Sandburg, once said: “I am a Christian, a Quaker, a Moslem, a Buddhist, a Shintoist, a Confucian, and maybe a Catholic pantheist or a Joan of essays Arc who hears voices. I am all of these and more. Search? Definitely I have more religions than I have time or zeal to on causes war 1 practice in true faith.”

Although I no longer consider myself an adherent of any specific religion, I still feel the phd thesis search uk, need for a guiding principle in my life, and it has become the personal word, concept of wisdom. I seek to become wiser and have my actions be as wise as I can make them. The Oxford English Dictionary (2d ed., 1989) defines wisdom as “the capacity for judging rightly in matters relating to life and conduct; soundness of judgment in the choice of means and ends.” A leading wisdom scholar, Robert Sternberg, states that “wisdom is search not just about maximizing one’s own or someone else’s self-interest, but about balancing various self-interests (intrapersonal) with the interests of others (interpersonal) and illustrative, of other aspects of the context in which one lives (extrapersonal), such as one’s city or country or environment or even God.” Another wisdom scholar, in an essay on “The Centrality of Wisdom,” wrote that “values are at the heart of the matter,” and he recommended wisdom-associated values such as empathy, justice, and compassion. Since I have dealt extensively with various types of wisdom, including political wisdom, in other writings, I will merely paraphrase here what I have written earlier concerning E. F. Schumacher’s thoughts on wisdom: It can be found amidst the ideas of the great religious and philosophical systems of the phd thesis, pre-modern age. It deals with fundamental questions like “What is the purpose of life?” and how to discover and achieve Truth, Goodness, and Beauty. It emphasizes, prioritizes, and applies higher values such as love, compassion, understanding, and empathy.

Being guided by it is the essay on causes war 1, key to dealing with our most serious problems, whether economic, environmental, political, or personnel. To Schumacher wisdom was like the sun and search, its rays should penetrate and enlighten all aspects of our life. “Unless that person has sorted out and coordinated his manifold urges, impulses, and desires, his strivings are likely to be confused, contradictory, self-defeating, and possibly highly destructive. The ‘centre,’ obviously, is the booth, place where he has to create for himself an orderly system of ideas about himself and the world, which can regulate the direction of phd thesis uk his various strivings.” By the final decades of his life, Schumacher had concluded that “it may conceivably be possible to live without churches; but it is not possible to live without religion, that is, without systematic work to keep in contact with, and develop toward, Higher Levels than those of ‘ordinary life’ with all its pleasure or pain, sensation, gratification, refinement or crudity—whatever it may be.” These words lead to me a few final thoughts about religion and its relationship to our lives. Religion has many definitions. If one means by it, as Schumacher suggests, “systematic work to keep in contact with, and develop toward, Higher Levels than those of ‘ordinary life,’” then I believe in religion. Chicago Essays? Every day of our lives there is search uk more goodness, beauty, and truth out there in the world than we appreciate in our humdrum existence of “living and partly living” (T. S. Essay? Eliot’s phrase).

I also think, as Schumacher did, that the great religions of the world contain much wisdom, including the emphasis of phd thesis search many of them on on causes of world, compassion, humility, and phd thesis, the Golden Rule of on causes war 1 treating others as one wishes to be treated. But I am not willing to phd thesis search go as far as saying I think Jesus Christ was more divine than say Buddha. And religions have a checkered record when it comes to valuing tolerance and rationality, which to me these are great wisdom values. In Crime and Punishment (1866) Dostoevsky has his main character, Raskolnikov, pridefully overemphasize “reason,” and it leads him to think that ordinary morality does not apply to him, that he can be sort of a super-man standing above conventional ethics. Although very critical of the Catholic Church, Dostoevsky’s thinking on reason was similar to that proclaimed two years earlier by Pope Pius IX in booth 2012, his Syllabus of Errors. In this encyclical the phd thesis search, pope proclaimed as an error the belief that “human reason, without any reference whatsoever to of world God, is the sole arbiter of truth and falsehood, and of good and evil.” The warnings of Dostoevsky and uk, Pius IX about individuals relying too much on personal statement word amcas, reason are ones worth considering. Search Uk? The reasoning of individuals can be twisted. Look at someone like the Unabomber, Theodore Kaczynski, who earned a Ph.D. in mathematics and thought his mail bombing campaign could be intellectually justified. A wise person will consider the wisdom of the personal amcas, past, including that maintained by the great religions, and the laws and customs of his/her society.

Ultimately, however, is phd thesis search uk it not our own reason and essay of world war 1, judgment that should dictate our behavior? Church leaders and teachings can be wrong. Phd Thesis Uk? In the past, some have justified slavery or war when they shouldn’t. Laws and government policies can be wrong. Dorothy Day, Martin Luther King, Nelson Mandela, and Andrei Sakharov all spent some time in jail or exile for daring to violate unjust laws or government policies. Our culture or subculture can be wrong. In making decisions many of us are strongly influenced by illustrative on friendship, them. When young, I belonged to a Catholic subculture.

Throughout most of my adulthood, I was part of an academic subculture. When I was in the military, I noted that many career officers seemed to be part of phd thesis search a military subculture. All of these subcultures skew our objectivity and way of looking at women in leadership, the world, and if we wish to act rationally, we must be aware of their influence on us. Our ideology can also be wrong. Whether we consider ourselves conservatives, liberals, progressives, socialists, or anarchists, our ideology can box us in, deterring us from thinking afresh about complex problems.

Although the expression “knee-jerk liberal” is search common enough, knee-jerkism can also be a failing of other ideologists. Standing outside of any particular religious community and attempting to remain free of chicago booth any cultural or ideological boxes can be a lonely path to follow. Phd Thesis? I sometimes miss the on friendship, sense of oneness and warmth experienced by singing with others in church. And as Dostoevsky so clearly perceived there is always the phd thesis uk, danger or pride and egotism, of thinking oneself or one’s ideas superior to others. As a historian, however, I take comfort in past individuals whom I admire, those like Dorothy Day, Thomas Merton, Carl Sandburg, E. F. Illustrative? Schumacher, Anton Chekhov, W. H. Auden, Andrei Sakharov, Nelson Mandela, and finally, the French writer Albert Camus (1913-1960), an existentialist and phd thesis, “non-believer,” greatly admired by chicago essays 2012, the two fervent Catholics, Day and Merton. About Camus, Merton wrote, “By reason of uk his personal integrity, his genius, his eloquence, and chicago booth essays, his own record in protest and resistance, Camus still speaks to our world with resounding authority,” and “life is, or should be, nothing but a struggle to phd thesis uk seek truth,” and “the whole truth of Albert Camus is motor centered upon the idea of telling the phd thesis search, truth.” Camus himself once told a group of Dominican monks, “I shall never start from the supposition that Christian truth is illusory, but merely from the fact that I could not accept it.” He also wrote, “It is essential to short essay on france condemn what must be condemned,” but also “one should praise at length what still deserves to be praised.” In his short story “The Guest,” he ends it this way: “Daru looked at the sky, the plateau and phd thesis search, beyond the invisible lands stretching all the way to the sea. In this vast landscape he had loved so much, he was alone.” Like his character Daru, we may often feel alone. And in condemning and praising as Camus suggests, we must always realize our fallibility: we may be wrong. One final lesson from the essay of world, non-believer Camus and the very Catholic Dorothy Day is to phd thesis uk (in Day’s words) “always be seeking concordances, rather than differences—that is the short in french, basis of the ecumenical movement, which is part of the peace movement.” After her conversion, she was often criticized for still associating with Marxists and anarchists, but she believed strongly that dialogue contributed to “clarification of phd thesis thought.” In his address to chicago Dominican monks, Camus said “between the forces of phd thesis search uk terror and short in french, the forces of dialogue a great unequal battle has begun. . . . But I believe it must be fought,” and search uk, he encouraged the monks to whom he spoke, and Christians generally, to join with “isolated individuals who, without any sort of research paper company affiliation, today intercede almost everywhere and ceaselessly for children and for men.”

I n these days of partisan name-calling and political gridlock, when intolerance and search, lack of essay on friendship humility are too often on display, Camus and Day offer us an important lesson. Like them, we need to “condemn what [note: not ‘who’] must be condemned,” but also seek dialogue with anyone (believers or unbelievers) willing to correct injustices and work for the common good. Phd Thesis? Sufficiently humble, they were both aware that in their condemnations they could be wrong, but believed in dialogue as a path of correcting their mistakes. In this, they mirror what Robert Fuller admires about science: “[it] makes even more mistakes than religion; but it saves itself by being quicker to recognize and correct them.” Posted on July 1, 2012. Walter G. Moss is a professor emeritus of history at Eastern Michigan University. Word Limit? His most recent book is phd thesis search An Age of Progress?: Clashing Twentieth-Century Global Forces (2008). For a list of illustrative on friendship all his recent books and online publications, including many on phd thesis search uk, Russian history and culture, go here: Edwin Ted Mosser says.

I read the above this morning. I won’t comment now on all of it or on all of my beliefs. What I will say, is statement that one of the problems with Christianity, at uk, least as it is so often stated, is that it is exclusionary, and evidently so is paper motor Islam. Thus, the huge conflict. Christians are a little more subtle. I frankly don’t know whether Jesus intended to exclude those who did not make a specific vow. Anyway, I am something of a pantheist and I’m inclined to believe there are many paths for people to the divine. Pope Francis seems to be a man who is moving in the right direction. I do envision a heaven or a sort of nirvana where I hope to reunite with those I love.

The Cost of Silence: How A Wealthy LA Democratic Donor Muted The Political Party of “Allies” and “Coalition Building” Jasmyne Cannick: Very few from the political party of allies, coalition building and we’re stronger together have joined the phd thesis, public call for justice in the death of this young Black gay man. Appetite for War: US, Israel and Saudi Arabia v. Iran. Vijay Prashad: There is widespread enthusiasm in the White House to walk away from the nuclear deal and to use the full vitality of U.S. On Ford? power to suffocate Iran. Once More into the Breech: Getting a Grip on Gun Violence.

John Peeler: Just as Trump’s supporters chant “Build the Wall” for its symbolic value, those of us who want to get a grip on gun violence will not stop advocating for outlawing weapons whose only uk, purpose is to kill people. Copyright #x000A9; 2017 · Dick Price and Sharon Kyle · Log in.

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To Kill a Mocking Bird - Wisdom of Atticus. In the recent past there has been a great growing interest by social scientists to better understand the issue of personality psychology and the element of diversity when it comes to responses agents under in the same environment (Baumeister Bushman2014). The scholars and social scientists these days include personality proxies and traits for cognition during the empirical research analysis. The bone of uk contention now arises how can one interpret these human estimated relationships? (Blascovich et al 2011) . insisting that he ‘fell on his own knife’ in order to protect Boo as Maycomb would never let him walk as a free man. From this we see a change of illustrative heart in the children Scout especially when she decides to walk Arthur home and now recognizes that ‘Atticus was right. One time he said you never really know a man until you stand in his shoes and phd thesis, walk around in them’ just standing on the Radley porch was enough. These examples expose a brighter future, one where prejudice and injustice will not be so extensive. The town of Maycomb displays prejudice against women in leadership essays Boo Radley, Atticus Finch and Tom Robinson in different ways. They are all indefensible in search, society and there is nothing they can say or do to prevent discrimination against themselves. By the essay on causes of world war 1 conclusion of the novel, Maycomb seems to begin a positive change from prejudice and injustice.

We are reminded that ‘it’s a sin to kill a mocking bird’ and search uk, that all need to be more accepting of others differences. Society is now beginning to understand that Boo, Atticus and Tom's differences are what give them character and without their differences, life in Maycomb would be tedious. Words: 976 - Pages: 4. . Essay. real-world economics review, issue no. 58 The Eurozone crisis: Looking through the financial fog with Keynesian glasses Jorge Buzaglo [Sweden] Copyright: Jorge Buzaglo, 2011 You may post comments on this paper at It is easy to become confused about what is really happening to the European economies. The media are totally focused on financial surface phenomena. Attention is given only to the developments in the financial markets, in particular the phd thesis growing difficulties of the so called PIIGS countries (Portugal, Ireland, Italy, Greece and Spain) for keeping on financing their government spending by increasing debt — as reflected by increasing spreads in on ford company, interest rates (e.g. compared with German rates). However, looking just below the surface one discovers that the Eurozone is phd thesis search uk, suffering from booth, a kind of disequilibrium that is similar to the type of imbalance existing in the trade relationship between the phd thesis US and China. The origin of the US-China imbalance can be found in the huge expansion of credit and debt in the US (a Minsky-type process), which financed a large consumption and import boom — including a boom in imports from China in particular. The vast import boom caused in turn a large US trade deficit and short, a growing external debt.

External debts cannot grow indefinitely; at some point markets judge them unsustainable. With a de facto fixed exchange rate between the dollar and the yuan, the uk only way. Words: 2998 - Pages: 12. The Crooked Letter vs to Kill a Mocking Bird. . Writing 102 Synthesis Essay October 28th Synthesis Essay We live in a world today that is empowered by morals, the principle of essay on france in french right vs. Phd Thesis. wrong and integrity. In both Tom Franklins novel, the Crooked Letter and Harpers, To Kill a Mocking bird, each author explores the illustrative essay principle of phd thesis search uk moral and personal word limit, race. Each novel depicts the relationship between those who are white and those who are African American. However, both of phd thesis uk these relationships were not common to their time periods of chicago booth essays 2012 segregation and racism but instead friendships and kindness in a cruel world. Through The Crooked Letter and To Kill A Mockingbird, the evolving relationships between races exploit the coexistence of good and evil in uk, the world. The presence of innocence and growth in each novel help illustrate the ever evolving relationships between white and blacks. Scout and Jem are still of youth in statement word limit amcas, the beginning of the novel and phd thesis search uk, are at a stage in which they see the world as all good and people are all in good faith.

They are blind to essay on causes of world war 1, the evil that even the adults they look up to can create. Phd Thesis. As their father, a lawyer, Atticus begins to defend a black man in women in leadership, his case; their youthful eyes are open up to the principle of racism for phd thesis search uk the first time. In Franklin’s novel, the crooked letter, the racism also begins at in leadership essays, a young age. However, the protagonist Larry and Silas are aware that their friendship is odd and chose to keep it a secret. Phd Thesis. The principle of what is right and what is wrong despite. Words: 395 - Pages: 2. . William Qi English Honors 12/17/12 Block C To Kill a Mockingbird Essay How does the theme of women in leadership “appearance vs. Phd Thesis Search Uk. reality’ play a role in this story?

Have you ever heard of the phrase “Don’t judge a book by its cover?” Many people have, yet they still treat people unfairly without getting to paper on ford, know them. In the book To Kill a Mockingbird by phd thesis search uk Harper Lee, the author is able to use the theme of appearance vs. reality to portray many characters in the book in a relationship that can give readers two different sides of a person. For the residents of Maycomb County, Boo Radley is rumored to be a malevolent phantom that mutilates animals, stalks people at night, and runs with the rebellious crowds before he was locked up in his room. Although, the children have never seen Boo Radley, Jem speculates that “Boo was about six and a half feet tall, judging from his tracks; he dined on raw squirrels… that are why his hands are bloodstained… There was a long jagged scar that ran across his face; what teeth he had were yellow and essay on france, rotten; his eyes popped, and he drooled most of the time (pg 16).” This description shows how misguided they are due to phd thesis uk, the outrageous myths about Boo spread around town by adults. Paper On Ford Motor. However, as the story moves forward, more insight on the real character of Boo is revealed through various incidents. When Jem and Scout were walking home one day, Jem finally confesses what happened to his pants that night when they tried to sneak. Words: 1418 - Pages: 6. . To Kill a Mockingbird Final Project – Test Lance Moyes Period – 2nd 1. Phd Thesis. Why did Atticus save money? a. To buy a new car b. To put his brother through medical school c. To buy his wife a new dress d. To go on vacation 2. When summer ends, where does Dill go? e. To his uncle’s house f. To Cincinnati g. Home to Meridian h. College 3. What does Scout say to Atticus about going to statement word amcas, school? i. That she wishes he would drive her to school every day j. That she loves school k. That she doesn’t want to get coodies l. That she doesn’t need to go to school 4. What does Miss. Maudie send home with Scout m. Flowers n. Homework o. Pound cake p. Reading Books 5. What did Jem leave when they dove under the search fence? q. Scout’s tennis shoe r. Research Paper On Ford Motor. A school book s. Jem’s toy airplane t. Jem’s pants 6. What do they see in the knothole tree? u. A kite v. A kick ball w. A ball of twine x. Search. A birds nest 7. Essay On Causes Of World. Why is Scout terrified when she wakes up on morning? y. Search Uk. She sees snow z. Someone is in her room . Reverend Sykes. . On Ford Company. Caroline Fisher . Thomas Robinson . Phd Thesis. Harper Lee 9. Personal Limit Amcas. Who gave Scout and Jem shooting lessons with their air rifles? . Phd Thesis Search Uk. Atticus . On Ford. Uncle Jack . Dill . Miss Maudie 10.

What. Words: 969 - Pages: 4. . To Kill a Mockingbird Summer assignment Tyler Reid When looking at uk, the title I really thought it was meaning to kill a mockingbird. Then I was also thinking the book was about paper on ford motor killing someone who is mocking another. • Sin- To break one of the 12 commandments. • Trash- To use Racial terms • Courage- To take pride in what you have done. • Neighbor- Someone who lives in another residential area by you. Phd Thesis. • Civilized- To make amends or peace with one another, to be friendly and of world war 1, together. • Gentlemen/Lady- Formal way to call a man or a girl. I think one of the most essential parts of this book was about Miss Caroline.

She didn’t play as big of a role in search uk, the book but she did have a important part in it. She was Scouts first ever teacher, also she was a reality check for her as well. She is from North Alabama so everything that has happened in essays 2012, chapter 3 she wasn’t aware about (Cunningham Incident ) Another big thing that has happened in the book is uk, that when Scout was about to start a fight with Cecil Jacobs. Cecil was picking on scout by saying his dad defends black people. Personal Statement Limit Amcas. I am surprised that Scout didn’t actually fight. One last thing about the phd thesis uk book that got to me was the essay mystery pants. Search. The pants were hanging over the fence neatly out of nowhere. After that, a grey ball was in the knot hole way after. When I read this book, I thought it was a really good book, even though I didn’t know it was going to turn out like the way it was. There’s some parts in the.

Words: 567 - Pages: 3. . In Harper Lee’s 1960 novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, and in Robert Mulligan’s 1962 film adaptation of the same name, although there is a lot of similarities and differences, it is still a very good storyline. Even though many things are left out of the 1962 film, the plot is still well developed and has the same effect on the audience. Illustrative Essay. Three main things that were left out search, of the chicago booth 2012 movie include: Mrs. Dubose being addicted to opiates, Mrs. Maudie’s house burning, and the children role playing the Radley family. These still have the same effect because they are less dramatic than all the other scenes. In the 1960 novel To Kill a Mockingbird, Mrs. Dubose is portrayed as being addicted to opiates, yet in the later produced motion picture this information is phd thesis search uk, left out.

Mrs. Dubose is a widow who lives in Maycomb, Alabama. Personal Word Limit Amcas. She had been addicted for many years and had been told she would not live much longer. Jem has to go read to phd thesis, Mrs. Women Essays. Dubose because he messed up her yard. While Jem reads to her it helps her to forget to phd thesis uk, take her morphine. Atticus told Jem and Scout “not to hate Mrs. Dubose, because she is a strong woman and it takes courage to quit an addiction.” Although it is in on ford company, the book to build Jem’s character it is phd thesis search, not portrayed in the movie, for women in the phd thesis search film Jem’s character is adequately developed through other means like, him being present for the explaining that Tom Robinson had been killed to his family. The understanding of Jem’s character within the book and the film refers.

Words: 656 - Pages: 3. To Kill a Mocking Bird - Wisdom of Atticus. . ntroduction In the recent past there has been a great growing interest by social scientists to better understand the issue of personality psychology and the element of diversity when it comes to responses agents under in the same environment (Baumeister Bushman2014). The scholars and social scientists these days include personality proxies and traits for cognition during the empirical research analysis. The bone of contention now arises how can one interpret these human estimated relationships? (Blascovich et al 2011) Personality psychology therefore tries to describe a whole person by research paper on ford considering the individual differences and universal traits .This field examines the different ways in which people from diverse origins are unique therefore to ventilate this topic deeply, personality psychology looks both cognitive functioning and personality traits areas of a human being (Blascovich et al2011). When characterizing what areas one to explore in personality psychology to phd thesis uk, make observations, it indeed becomes a bit useful to first differentiate the personality traits, measures of personality and personality response function.

According to ((Baumeister Bushman2014) personality is a response function that maps out the real personality traits to measure a person. Other leading scholars adds that personality traits are sometimes relatively preserving patterns of thoughts ,behaviors and feelings that do reflect the general tendency to respond in certain ways under unique. Words: 1044 - Pages: 5. . Why does the Radley place fascinate Scout, Jem and Dill? The Radley house is shrouded in mystery. Boo Radley and the goings on of his family have become the word limit amcas stuff of search ghost stories. Naturally, being children, Scout and chicago 2012, Jem hold the phd thesis search house with both fascination and fear. Is Boo really a monster who dines on squirrels?

Questions like this feed into the children's imaginations. Personal Statement Amcas. What briefly has happened to Arthur Boo Radley? Boo Radley committed a boyhood prank for which his conspirators were sent to a boys' school and phd thesis search uk, lived happy, productive lives. Boo's father persuaded the judge to let him take Boo home instead of sending him away. He forced Boo to live in seclusion for essay on france his entire life. Boo Radley's parents are foot washing Baptists who believe all pleasure is sin, as a teenager he rebels and joins a gang of misbehaving but generally harmless boys, after a night of search shenanigans the boys come before the town judge who sends them to a boys reformatory that is known to be a positive experience, and essays, the boys come home to normal lives. Phd Thesis Uk. But Mr Radley demands he get to take Boo home where he keeps him locked away, after many years the town is completely shaken when one day Boo is cutting up a magazine and stabs his scissors into his father's leg. Boo is held in the basement of the courthouse and then returned to chicago essays 2012, his father.

When his Father Died, his brother took his place keeping Boo locked in the house. Words: 255 - Pages: 2. . Kim Huynh – 10 Catherine Year 10 English To Kill A Mocking Bird –Essay “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view…” Discuss how Atticus posses the ability to do this, and how Scout develops this skill throughout the text. In Harper Lee’s novel To Kill a Mocking Bird, Scout narrates the story from her perspective as a young child. Phd Thesis Search Uk. During the statement amcas course of the story, Scout finds it difficult to understand different people and their motivations. Atticus, Scouts moral adviser teaches her a valuable lesson on how “you never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view…until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.”(Ch.

3 p.33) Throughout the course of the novel, Atticus conveys his ability to do this and Scouts learns to put his advice into practice with the events of search Mrs. Dubose, Mayella Ewell and Arthur Radely. Atticus is able to apply this notion to women in leadership essays, his children Scout and Jem through the events that occurred involving Mrs. Dubose. She is known in the neighborhood as the ‘meanest old woman who ever lived’ (Ch. 4, p. 39). Phd Thesis Search. After being verbally attacked by paper on ford motor Mrs. Dubose on several occasions about phd thesis search uk Atticus “lawing for women niggers”(Ch. Phd Thesis Uk. 11, p. 112) Jem finally loses his temper and beheads her camellias. As a result Jem and Scout have to go read to her daily. Scout never really understood the reason for personal statement word limit this particular type of phd thesis uk punishment however everything came out into the light following the death of.

Words: 1007 - Pages: 5. . Sometimes the very most unexpected events that happen in personal statement limit amcas, people’s lives are during their childhood and it impacts them for the rest of their lives. The emotion of the event stays with them forever, and it affects them In the future. The emotion by our childhood sometimes gets in our way of making our choices. in search, the book To Kill a Mockingbird, Helen Keller tells us a story about paper on ford motor company a five year old girl named Scout dealing with problems during her childhood and how the uk events that happen to her make her understand what problems that she may have in the future. In French. The whole situation happen with Boo Radley, in Maycomb there was many rumors of horrible things he ever did and at the end there were all lies. Uk. It also happened with Tom Robinson but it was worst since he was an African American and back in 1930’s many people were racist and with one little bad situation they got in they got sent to jail. Tom and Boo are both of them both experience situations that people may believe they did and yet the still judged. Helen shows the symbol of the mockingbird with Tom and Boo Radley they don't bother anyone and yet they still judge them. When Atticus Tells Scout it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird she didn't understand why and when she asked Miss Maudie she tells her “Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for on friendship us to enjoy. Phd Thesis. They don't eat up people’s gardens, don't nest in essay in french, corncribs, they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us.

That’s why it’s a sin to uk, kill a mockingbird. Words: 1136 - Pages: 5. . The film to kill a mocking bird by Horton Foote and the producer/director team of Robert Mulligan and Alan J. Pakula. Set a small Alabama town in the 1930s, the story focuses on honest, highly respected lawyer Atticus Finch,( Gregory Peck). Finch puts his career on the line when he agrees to represent Tom Robinson (Brock Peters), a black man accused of rape. The trial and the events surrounding it are seen through the eyes of Finch's six-year-old daughter Scout (Mary Badham). While Robinson's trial gives the film its momentum. There are plenty of occurrences before and after the chicago essays court date, Scout's strengthening bond with older brother Jem (Philip Alford), her friendship with young Dill Harris (John Megna), her father's no-nonsense reactions to such life-and-death crises as a rampaging mad dog. The second most important storyline is Scout's reactions to, and relationship with, Boo Radley (Robert Duvall), the village idiot who turns out to be her salvation when she is attacked by Robert Ewell (James Anderson), the man who says his daughter Mayella Ewell (Collin Wilcox ) was raped by a black man who is search uk, actually innocent but still gets killed for a crime he did not commit . To Kill a Mockingbird was a great classic that won Academy Awards for Best Actor (Peck), Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Art Direction and really shows throughout the film the short essay on france in french reoccurring issues of racism, biased from social class, and stigmas to gender are tested and tried and shows how unfair the. Words: 270 - Pages: 2. . In the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee tells a poignant coming-of-age story about loss of innocence in the character of Scout.

Three significant events illustrate this fact. The first example portrayed in the novel occurred when Scout went to the jail to find out what Atticus was up to, only to find that a mob had arrived to phd thesis, lynch Tom Robinson. This event left Scout with the notion of a mob mentality. Another event was the turning point of the story, the trial of Tom Robinson; this defining moment taught Scout of women essays prejudice and injustice. She had only a vague notion of phd thesis search prejudice until the trial. And finally, she experienced a real shock when Bob Ewell attempted to essays, kill both her and Jem.

This was malice in its purest form. Search. Ultimately, these were all defining moments for Scout, and her innocence was lost as she was forced to a brutal awareness of the draconian ways of the world. The first example occurs when one evening Atticus crept out of the house. This was unusual because Atticus never went out late at night. Research Paper Motor. Scout and Jem, curious about why Atticus had left incognito, followed him quietly to see what he would do. Neither was prepared for what they discovered: Atticus was guarding the jail that held Tom Robinson to protect him from the phd thesis search uk likely occurrence of a lynch mob. Women In Leadership Essays. Well, a mob happened to come along, and they demanded entry to phd thesis uk, the jail so they could lynch Tom. Illustrative. Not realizing her danger, Scout fended off the mob. In the aftermath, Scout and Jem were.

Words: 1000 - Pages: 4. . characters who are misjudged based on peoples built in uk, stereotypes of them and persecuted because of essay people misconceptions. These two characters are the mockingbirds in the story. As a teacher I find myself having to search, do anything to help them students similar to essay of world, both characters who are will do anything to change people perception of the helpless. Atticus begins to see a community turn against him because he decides to defend a black man accused of raping Mayella Ewell.

His children at this time in the story are giving air rifles and told never to search uk, kill a mockingbird, but blue jays are ok. Essay On Causes Of World. Mockingbirds are said to make a joyous note so to kill them is strictly forbidden. Phd Thesis. I’ve never received any death threat for helping out statement word amcas, my African American students but I often go the extra mile to make sure that they are given the fair chance in education they deserve. Atticus goes the extra mile to make sure justice is search uk, giving to Tom. Scout who was schoolmates with the on france in french son of one of the mob members was able to search, guilt the man into making his group back off of her father. During the trial the children had to listen to contradictory testimony from Bob Ewell and his daughter Mayella, who had bruises on short on france in french the right side of her face which were proved to phd thesis search, be caused by a left handed man. Bob was left handed and Tom had a withered and useless left arm.

It is illustrative essay, revealed that Tom who was a kind person who would help Mayella with the various task that her father assigned to her per her request. Search Uk. . Words: 715 - Pages: 3. . How symbolism can help you better understand To Kill a Mockingbird In the essay of world war 1 novel To Kill a Mockingbird Harper Lee uses symbolism to phd thesis uk, reveal an overall theme of essay in french human dignity. Maycomb County is a typical sleepy southern town that is blinded by the disease of racism. An innocent black man becomes a victim of the disease when he is accused of rapeing a white woman. Firstly the symbols Jem’s pants and the rolly-polly show the important theme of search maturation. Furthermore the symbols Tim Johnson and research paper on ford, the snowman highlight a theme of destroying racism. Lastly one-shot Finch and the perfect white waxy camellia symbolize true courage.

Harper Lee uses Jem’s pants and the rolly-polly as symbols to convey a theme of maturation. Jem and Scout where in the Radley’s backyard trying to get a look at Boo Radley when Jem see’s a shadow the children immediately flee form the house. As the children were running through the collards as they hear the roar of a shotgun. As Jem and phd thesis search uk, Scout are fleeing the scene Jem’s pants gets caught in the fence and in leadership, he has to leave it in their backyard if he wants to survive. Later that night he says how he needs to go back and retrieve his pants not for him but for Atticus, “‘Atticus ain’t never whipped me ever since I can remember, and I wanta keep it that way.’” (Lee 75).

He goes back to get his pants to phd thesis, keep his relation shit with Atticus. There is a evident theme maturation in Jem at this point, from chicago, when he thought turtles could not feel, too now when he is.

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Being a Celebrity. Being a celebrity or simply being famous has its own advantages and disadvantages. The common perception is that celebrities and famous personalities have everything in life. Phd Thesis Uk? After all, the grass is always greener on the other side, isn't it? The truth is that there are as many downsides and essay, disadvantages of search, being a celebrity as there are the number of benefits. Who said being famous was always fun? Decide for yourself—read on in this article for for five advantages and on friendship, five disadvantages of search uk, being a celebrity. Five Major Advantages of Being a Celebrity. 1. Celebrities get special treatment wherever they go. It is paper on ford motor company a no-brainer to assume that someone like Selena Gomez or Justin Bieber will get preferential treatment over phd thesis, other customers at a restaurant, don't you think?

From special seats at theaters to chicago booth, special tables at search uk, restaurants, celebrities are given the advantage of being the preferred customers everywhere they go. Wouldn't you love it if you were given preferred entry at essay war 1, nightclubs, or given the first row seats at award functions? Of course you would—that is exactly why this perk of search, being famous is just too tempting. 2. Being famous generally means being richer. One of the very obvious advantages of being famous is that fame generally brings lots of fortune. Celebrities and other famous people are generally richer than the average Joe. Personal Word Amcas? Luxurious homes and phd thesis, cars, fancy gifts, expensive clothes and other such materialistic pleasures of life convert from a dream to essays, a reality when people become famous celebrities. Forget homes—celebrities are also known to own entire islands.

If you have a single ounce of doubt whether celebrities are actually rich, check out an episode of MTV Cribs, and search, all your doubts will magically disappear. In particular, watch the episode which showcases the home, cars, and lifestyle of personal statement limit amcas, 50 Cent. One of the Many Advantages of Being Paris Hilton. 3. Celebrities are recognized everywhere they go. Celebrities are recognized everywhere they go. This is an advantage because people often experience a massive ego boost when random bystanders recognize them.

It can be a great opportunity to boast to a friend and say: Gee, I'm so famous. Search Uk? Everyone recognizes me. Most seasoned celebrities get over this initial ego boost quickly, of course. However, being recognized, spotted, and women essays, pictured is quite a rush and search, a nice massage to the egos of some famous people, still. 4. Chicago Booth 2012? Celebrities and famous people have fans. Phd Thesis Search Uk? Fans are the people who adore their celebrity idols. They can have celebrity crushes or even real life admiration for their idols.

Fan mail and other forms of appreciation that celebrities receive can be inspirational, motivational, and very humbling. After all, who wouldn't like to motor company, have their own fans, followers, and worshipers? 5. Many opportunities arise when people become famous. When people become famous, more opportunities arise in life, whether they are career related or not. For example, someone like Michael Jordan made a living not only from search uk, playing ball. He was also the face of Nike and promoted many other brands. Also, someone like Kim Kardashian can afford to dwell into newer businesses like fashion apparel and perfumes simply because she is famous and can afford to sustain and in leadership essays, promote them. Being famous definitely opens many doors in life which would have remained shut had fame not been achieved. Many celebrities tend to embark upon the entrepreneurship path as soon as they achieve stardom. After all, if Kim Kardashian can reportedly charge in upwards of $8,000 for doing nothing but sending one tweet from her twitter account, then anything is possible!

Five Major Disadvantages of Being a Celebrity. 1. Famous people can't do things that the average person can. What do you think would happen if Paris Hilton walked down to the supermarket on a regular day? She would be mobbed and hounded for phd thesis search uk autographs and pictures. Celebrities and other famous people cannot lead lives of normal people. Women? They may be forced to live in search, their own little secluded world, and will generally be unable to do things that the average Joe can. This disadvantage of being famous can stop celebrities from chicago 2012, indulging in the little pleasures of life, which can be very frustrating indeed. Some of these simple pleasures of life include: Playing ball at the neighborhood playground Going shopping at phd thesis search, the grocery store Going for paper company an uninterrupted walk or a bicycle ride on the beach Lying on phd thesis search uk, the beach without being mobbed on a sunny day Sitting on the park bench and essay on causes war 1, reading a book without being asked Can I take a picture of you? Have a quiet dinner with family at the local restaurant. 2. Being famous or a celebrity can attract stalkers. We've all heard about those nasty cases of celebrity stalking that have gone out of control.

Famous people are often followed or harassed by phone, email, or mail by fans or followers who cross the phd thesis search line and women essays, become obsessed. Obsession can turn into threats and even physical harm. 3. A celebrity status can attract too many fake friends. From a celebrity's perspective, it'd become very hard to separate a genuine person who wants to be friends from many of the million wannabe friends who may want to befriend them for personal gain. As one would imagine, it'd be a nerve wracking experience to phd thesis, scrutinize each and company, every individual that comes into their lives. Search Uk? It would literally translate to being on-guard every single hour, minute and second of the day. 4. People constantly judge celebrities. Motor? Tabloids, magazines, newspapers, blogs, and other forms of media constantly judge celebrities on their personalities, habits, bodies, and a lot more. Reading demeaning, rude, nasty, insulting, and derogatory lies about one's own self is a part and parcel of a celebrity's daily routine.

From a layperson's point of phd thesis, view, it's like having a million people talk behind your back on a daily basis. Imagine how hard-hitting this would it be if a tabloid talked about how fat you are or how sleazy you are. Short Essay On France? 5. Phd Thesis Search? Celebrities have no privacy. Paper On Ford Motor? If Kim Kardashian wears a bikini and steps out on the beaches of search uk, Miami to catch some sun, the entire world is going to short on france in french, know about it. If Arnold Schwarzenegger heads out for search a ride on his motorcycle on a sunny day, pictures of him are going to be splashed in the tabloids. If Paris Hilton and her beau have an argument or a fight in a nightclub, the whole world will know about it. Get the point? Lack of privacy is one of the biggest disadvantages of being a celebrity. REAL Male Korean Celebrity Friendships We Should Admire. by Fairlane Raymundo 1. 10 Reasons Why Being Famous Isn't All That Great. by Fotinoula Gypsyy 94. 10 Korean Celebrities with Painful Family Histories. by Fairlane Raymundo 5.

Five Famous People Born on Easter Sunday. by women, Mishael Austin Witty 12. Gail Russell: Life, Films, and Tragic Death. by phd thesis search, Darla Sue Dollman 6. Horses That Old Western Stars of B-Films and essay on causes of world, Their Sidekicks Rode. by WILLIAM EVANS 77. by search, Nathan Bernardo 45. It really helps a lot for my work. This will be very useful For my speech contest thanks so much !! Thank so much for informations! It will help alot in my project! best lolly pop 3 months ago. Wow I'm pretty close to being famous.

That's why I read this. Maybe I should start wearing a wig or sunglasses like sia lol. it is a great artical. Joner the Bonner 7 months ago. THIS IS A CRAP ARTICLE. Thank you this is awesome info.

AulanitheRealisticperson 8 months ago. I believe that being is essays 2012 really cool, but what about the lack of phd thesis search uk, privacy, and getting critisised everywhere you go, it's like since your a celeberity they expect you to be perfect. it is easy to be a celebrity person, but it will be stressful. What a piece of reading. Illustrative On Friendship? BrodyMcCain 10 months ago. Search? Once I was on a music show and performed a song. I was nobody, but later was sitting at my friend's bar. The bar was empty at the time.

So I gave him a copy of the show to watch on the TV in short essay on france, the bar. We were simply there watching it chit chatting suddenly two hot women entered the phd thesis search uk bar, paid absolutely no attention to me, didn't give me the time of day, I was invisible while they sat watching the music show on on france in french, the bar TV. Then they started moving their eyes from the search TV to me then back to the TV then back to me. They said is that you on TV that guy looks alot like you. I said Yes it is Suddenly I was somebody. I was something.

Within an instance I had two chicks all over statement word limit, me. I don't think it would have mattered what I looked like at that point I had just gained my first two female groupies. Just like that! Simply by them thinking I was remotely famous or might be on my way to phd thesis uk, becoming famous. In otherwords you don't even need to be famous, just having people think you're about to be famous will do the trick. Personal? I had lots of free things come my way during that time. General managers at banks even willing to give me loans with no credit checks. It's amazing how quickly your life can change just by people thinking you're on your way to being famous. I was invited to big parties, lent nice automobiles to drive, don't worry about it they'd say. Everyone wanted to be my friend, just from phd thesis uk, me being on the show. Personal Statement? It's like I just won the search uk lottery.

People wanted my autograph, cameras flashing each time I'd play even a coffee house. I'd open a local magazine and there I was in word, it. Women walked up to the stage during breaks handing me their motel room key. And I wasn't even famous. More of a local hero maybe. Phd Thesis Search Uk? But not famous by far. Take from my story what you will.

My point even people thinking you are on your way to being famous is like being famous. Just on chicago booth essays 2012, a smaller scale. Phd Thesis Search? Strange. Ian Stuart Robertson 13 months ago from essay on causes of world war 1, London England. With a lull in hub pages articles at search, this stage i thought it worthwhile to re visit sites i've been connected with to surprise myself with what i've contributed and possibly post more content. thanks for helping me with a speech i also thought i would be amazing to be a celebrity. It is a very interresting piece to read. Things to women, keep in mind if I'd want to become famous one day. princesswithapen 5 years ago. Phd Thesis Search? You've hit the nail on the head. Internet has indeed spelled doom for celebrities when it comes to privacy because they really don't have control over who posts what.

But then again, isn't it like a double edged sword because it is an awesome free promotional platform too? Guess like everything else in life, there are no free lunches. Thanks for noticing the 300 mark. It is an awesome feeling to know that your hubs are getting a wider audience, don't you think? It is also a motivational boost to publish more hubs. princesswithapen 5 years ago. Yep, we've definitely seen many rock soid celebrities go through emotional and mental turmoil at a stage in their lives. Research Paper Company? Fame is like a rose - beautiful and search uk, fragrant, yet thorny. princesswithapen 5 years ago. It would be really cool to be a celebrity.

But like you say, it'd be difficult to maintain composure when each and every eye on essays, the street stares at you in awe, or otherwise. I'm glad you liked this. Lack of privacy has often driven the best of celebrities to the brink of anger, frustration and even physical assault against paparazzi. Guess they didn't read the phd thesis uk fine print when they stepped out to be a celebrity which probably said Every moment of your public life will be photographed, whether you like it or not Thanks for your stopping by and your appreciation. FloraBreenRobison 5 years ago. Congratulations on reaching 300 followers! FloraBreenRobison 5 years ago. It was easier to be a celebrity during the days before the internet, and especially during the studio system era when you were given a fake bio and press releases to the personality the studio wanted. Photoshoots and carefully chosen questions and research on ford motor company, public events were planned and celebrities attended.

Then you went home. he press knew you were actually divorced or living with someone who is not your spouse or that you were homosexual. The Press were part of the search studio system format and chicago booth 2012, worked with celebrities. That ended when Frank sinatra divorced his wife to marry Ava Gardner. It's been downhill for privacy ever since. Phd Thesis? You pointed out the ups and downs of celebrity.Most people think it's a cake walk but it does take its toll. Many celebrities have emotional and chicago essays 2012, mental problems before and after the fame dies.

Movie Master 5 years ago from United Kingdom. An interesting hub, I really enjoyed reading. I just can't imagine what it must be like to have no privacy, I would hate that! laurathegentleman 5 years ago from uk, Chapel Hill, NC. Word? A very interesting read - I have always thought it would be cool to be a celebrity, but I do have to phd thesis uk, remind myself that it's not always easy to on friendship, be in the public eye. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

Other product and phd thesis search uk, company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on on ford company, affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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Essay on Microeconomics and Macroeconomics. In this essay we will discuss about Microeconomics and Macroeconomics. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Meaning of Microeconomics 2. Scope of Microeconomics 3. Limitations of uk Microeconomics 4. Importance of Microeconomics 5. Problems of Interrelation and Integration of Micro and short essay on france in french Macroeconomics 6. Meaning of Macroeconomics 7. Scope and Importance of Macroeconomics 8. Limitations of Macroeconomics. Essay on the Meaning of Microeconomics Essay on the Scope of Microeconomics Essay on the Limitations of Microeconomics Essay on the Importance of Microeconomics Essay on the Problems of Interrelation and phd thesis uk Integration of chicago booth essays Micro and Macroeconomics Essay on the Meaning of phd thesis search uk Macroeconomics Essay on the Scope and Importance of Macroeconomics Essay on the Limitations of women essays Macroeconomics. Essay # 1. Meaning of Microeconomics: Microeconomics is the study of the economic actions of individuals and small groups of individuals. This includes “the study of particular firms, particular households, individual prices, wages, income, individual industries, and particular commodities.” It concerns itself with the analysis of search price determination and the allocation of resources to specific uses. The determination of equilibrium output of the firm or industry, the wage of a particular type of labour, the price of a particular commodity like rice, tea, or car are some of the statement word, fields of microeconomic theory.

“Microeconomics deals with the division of total output among industries, products and firms and the allocations of resources among competing groups. It considers problems of income distribution. Its interest is in relative prices of particular goods and services.” Microeconomics is, in phd thesis, fact, a microscopic study of the economy, according to Maurice Dobb. It is like looking at the economy through a microscope to find out the working of markets for individual commodities and the behaviour of individual consumers and producers. In other words, in microeconomics we study the interrelationships of individual households and individual firms, and individual firms and individual industries to each other. In this sense, microeconomics involves the study of aggregates. “Price and chicago booth essays value theory, the theory of the household, the firm and search uk the industry, most production and welfare theory are of the microeconomic variety,” Thus, microeconomics studies: (i) How resources are allocated to the production of particular goods and services, (ii) How the goods and services are distributed among the people, and. (iii) How efficiently they are distributed.

While studying the conditions in which the price of a particular good is determined, microeconomics assumes the total quantity of research motor company resources as given and seeks to explain their allocation to the production of that commodity. The allocation of resources to a particular good depends upon the prices of other goods and the prices of factors producing them. It is, therefore, the relative prices of goods and services that determine the phd thesis, allocation of resources. In other words, other things being equal, it is the allocation of in french resources that determines what to uk, produce, how to produce, and how much to produce. This decision, in turn, depends upon the relative prices of goods and services. Thus, microeconomics is the study of price theory: how the price of a particular commodity like rice, tea, milk, fans, scooters, etc. is determined; how the wages of a particular type of labour, interest on a particular type of capital asset, rent on a particular land and profits of a particular entrepreneur are determined; and how efficiently the various resources are allocated to essay, individual consumers and search producers. We briefly study these problems below. In microeconomics the analysis of price determination and essay on causes war 1 allocation of resources is studied in three different stages: (i) The equilibrium of individual consumers and producers, (ii) The equilibrium of a single market, and.

(iii) The simultaneous equilibrium of all markets. Search Uk! Individual consumers and producers are unable to influence the prices of goods they buy and sell. A consumer is faced with given prices and essay he buys that much of the commodity which maximises his utility. For an individual producer, input and output prices are given and he produces that much of the phd thesis search, product which maximises his profits. In the market, the price and motor company quantity bought and sold are determined by the actions of buyers and sellers. The aggregate demand and supply curves are derived from individual demand and search supply curves. The equality of aggregate demand and supply curves determines the price and the quantity bought and sold in the market. It applies both to product and factor markets. By relaxing some of the assumptions of the perfectly competitive market, this analysis is extended to monopoly, oligopoly and monopolistic, competition markets. Finally, in booth essays 2012, microeconomics, the interrelations between the different markets are taken so as to determine all prices simultaneously. Though, it is generally said that microeconomics is related to partial equilibrium analysis which is the study of the equilibrium position of an individual, a firm, an industry or group of industries, yet it is phd thesis search, also a study of their interrelationships and interdependences within the economy which falls under the general equilibrium analysis.

First, there is the consumers market in which the quantity of chicago essays 2012 each commodity demanded depends not only on its own price but also on the price of every other commodity available in the market. In this market, consumers meet producers to phd thesis search, buy commodities which the short in french, former demand and uk the latter sell. The demand of consumers for the various commodities depends upon their prices and the prices of the services which they offer. In other words, a consumer earns by selling the productive services he owns and creates demands for commodities. The price at which a commodity sells depends upon its costs of short essay production. The costs of production, in turn, depend on phd thesis uk the quantities of the various productive services employed and the prices paid for them. Thus the supply of commodities in the market depends on the costs of the firms, and the prices and statement amcas quantities of the various productive services used by them. Secondly, there is the producers market or factor market. In this market, the demand for productive services (factors of production) comes from the producers, and supply from the consumers.

The quantity of a service (factor) used in producing a commodity depends on the relationship between the prices of that service and other services, and on the prices of commodities. Here producers meet labourers, capitalists, landlords and other resource-owners. In this market, money incomes are earned by resource-owners who own and sell their resources, the majority of whom are consumers. Phd Thesis Search! Thus microeconomics is short on france in french, a study of phd thesis uk interacting units of consumers, producers, and resource-owners. In this system, all prices are relative to one another. A change in essay on france in french, any one price establishes a ripple which touches both product and factor markets. The interrelation between product and phd thesis search uk factor markets through prices is shown in Figure 1. In this system, consumers and essay on france firms are linked through the product market where goods and services are bought and sold. They are also linked through the phd thesis, factor market where the factors of production are bought and sold. In the inner circle that consumers who are resource-owners sell productive resources in the factor market which are used by firms. The firms, in turn, produce goods and services which they sell in in leadership essays, the product market to phd thesis, consumers.

The outer circle of the figure shows that the chicago booth essays 2012, consumers incur expenditure in buying goods and services from the product market. The money so received by firms becomes their revenue or income which they spend in buying the services of consumers as suppliers’ productive resources in the factor market which, in turn, goes to consumers as their incomes. Thus microeconomics is the study of the interdependence of commodity prices, factor prices, their demands and supplies and costs, in relation to individual consumers, firms and industries. Besides, microeconomics studies how efficiently the various resources are allocated to individual consumers and producers within the economy. Efficiency in phd thesis, the allocation of resources is related to in leadership, the study of welfare economics. It involves the study of efficiency in consumption, efficiency in production and overall efficiency. Consumption and production efficiencies relate to individual welfare and overall efficiency to social welfare. An individual consumer’s welfare or efficiency is search uk, maximised when, with any reallocation of resources, he is made better off without making any other person worse off.

An individual producer achieves efficiency in production when, with any re-allocation of resources in the production of on friendship a commodity, he is able to increase its output without reducing the uk, output of some other commodity. Overall efficiency, also known as social welfare or Pareto optimality, relates to the overall improvement in the economic efficiency of the society whereby social welfare increases when with re-allocation of resources, society as a whole is made better off without making any individual worse off. Any re-allocation of resources at essay on france this optimum level of efficiency will lead not only to overall economic inefficiency but also to individual consumers’ and producers’ inefficiencies. Thus microeconomics studies welfare theory in its individual and phd thesis search uk aggregate aspects. Research On Ford Company! We may conclude that microeconomics consists of the study of price theory, the theory of the individual household, the firm and industry, production theory and welfare theory. Essay # 3. Limitations of Microeconomics : Despite its uses, microeconomic analysis is not free from certain limitations. (1) It is based on search the unrealistic assumption of full employment in the economy. “To assume full employment”, according to Keynes, “is to assume our difficulties away.” Full employment is not the rule but an exception in the real world. Thus microeconomics is an unrealistic method of economic analysis.

(2) Microeconomics is based on illustrative the assumption of laissez-faire. But the policy of laissez-faire is no longer practiced. Search! It ended with the Great Depression of the 1930s. This makes the study unrealistic. (3) Microeconomics is concerned with the study of essay on france in french parts and neglects the whole. As pointed out by phd thesis search uk, Boulding: “Description of a large and complex universe of facts like the economic system is impossible in terms of individual items.” Thus the essay on friendship, study of microeconomics presents an imprecise picture of the economy. (4) Further, microeconomics is not only inadequate but also misleading in analysing several economic problems. It is not essential that principles which are true in phd thesis, the case of a particular household, firm or industry may also be correctly applicable to the economy as a whole. To quote Boulding again: “The character and behaviour of aggregates cannot be…obtained simply by generalizing from paper character and behaviour of the individual components.” Essay # 4. Importance of Microeconomics: Microeconomics is an important method of economic analysis which Keynes regarded as “a necessary part of one’s apparatus of thought.” It has both theoretical and uk practical importance.

1. To Understand the Working of the Economy: Microeconomics is motor company, of utmost importance in understanding the working of a free enterprise economy. Uk! In such economy there is no agency to plan and co­ordinate the working of the economic system. Such decisions as how to produce, what to produce, and for whom to produce, how to distribute and what to consume are taken by producers and consumers without any extraneous force. It follows that the planning authority in a centrally planned economy cannot ensure an amcas, efficient working of the economy in the absence of a free enterprise economy. As pointed out by Learner, “Microeconomics teaches us that completely “direct” running of the economy is impossible—that a modern economy is so complex that no central planning body can obtain all the information and give out all the directives necessary for its efficient operation.” 2. Search! To Provide Tools for chicago essays, Economic Policies: Microeconomics provides the analytical tools for evaluating the economic policies of the state. Price or market mechanism is the tool which helps us in uk, this respect. In a mixed economy, the state runs certain public utilities like the postal services, railways, water, electricity etc. In such cases the governments—centre, state or local—fix prices on no-profit no-loss basis.

These prices, in turn, influence the prices of other goods and services. Of World War 1! There are also public enterprises which are run on price-profit policy. The prices of the articles manufactured by them affect the price of various goods and services in the private sector of the economy. Some of the public enterprises compete with private enterprises so their price policies are based on market mechanism. They cannot charge prices higher than under the private sector. Phd Thesis Uk! Microeconomics helps the state in formulating correct price policies and in evaluating them in proper perspective. 3. Helpful in the Efficient Employment of Resources: Microeconomics deals with the economizing of scarce resources with efficiency.

The principal problem faced by modern governments is the allocation of resources among competing ends. Short On France! In this sense, microeconomics is used by phd thesis search, the government in the efficient employment of resources and achieving growth with stability. Microeconomics helps the business executive in the attainment of maximum productivity with existing resources. It is with its help that he is able to know the consumer demand and calculate the costs of his product. 5. Helpful in Understanding the short essay on france in french, Problems of Taxation: Microeconomics also helps in understanding some of the phd thesis uk, problems of taxation. It is used to explain the welfare implications of a tax.

A tax leads to the reallocation of resources from essays their optimal level. Microeconomics helps in explaining as to phd thesis, whether an essay on friendship, income tax leads to a diminution of social welfare or an excise duty or sales tax. It is the imposition of an excise duty or sales tax that leads to search uk, the diminution of social welfare rather than an income tax. Microeconomic analysis so studies the distribution of incidence of a commodity tax (excise duty or sales tax) between sellers and consumers. In the field of international trade, it is used to explain the gains from international trade, balance of payments disequilibrium and the determination of the foreign exchange rate It is the relative elasticity’s of demand for each other’s products that determine the gains from international trade. The disequilibrium in the balance of payments is the essay of world war 1, inequality between the demand and uk supply of foreign currency. The rate of exchange of a currency in personal word limit amcas, a free market is determined by the demand for uk, and supply of foreign exchange. 7. To Examine the Conditions of Economic Welfare:

Microeconomics can be used to examine the conditions of economic welfare. “That is, to examine the subjective satisfaction that individuals derive from consuming goods and services and limit amcas from enjoying leisure. It involves the study of welfare economics which is search uk, one of defining an essays 2012, ideal economy.” As already studied above, welfare economics is related to maximisation of social welfare. This is phd thesis search, possible only under perfect competition. Essay! But under monopoly, oligopoly, or monopolistic competition there is always misallocation of resources and the output obtained is always less than the uk, optimum. Thus there is considerable wastage of resources. Microeconomics helps m suggesting ways and means of eliminating wastages in order to bring maximum social welfare. As aptly pointed out by Lerner: Microeconomic theory spells out the conditions of efficiency (i.e., for the elimination of all kinds of women in leadership essays inefficiency) and suggests how they might be achieved.

These conditions (called ‘Pareto-optimal’ conditions) can be of the greatest help in uk, raising the standard of living of the population. “Microeconomic theory can be used as the basis for chicago, prediction. This does not mean that it will enable us to predict the future. Rather, it will enable the possessor to make condition^ predictions. These conditions have the following form – if something occurs, then a certain set of results will follow We should be able to study government policies affecting prices of commodities and wages, for example and see how these policies affect the allocation of resources. Microeconomic theory will enable us to make conditional predictions here”. Microeconomics constructs and search uk uses simple methods for essay, the understanding of the actual economic phenomena. “The theoretical approach to microeconomics utilizes abstract models in an attempt to see how prices are established and how resources are allocated to various uses. The use of theory should enable the possessor to determine which of many facts are particularly relevant to the problem being studied.” Lerner explains this point more clearly when he says: “Microeconomic theory facilitates the understanding of what would be a hopelessly complicated confusion of billions of facts by constructing simplified models of behaviour which are sufficiently similar to the actual phenomena to be of help in understanding them. These models at the same time enable the economists to explain the degree to which the actual phenomena depart from certain ideal constructions that would most completely achieve individual and social objectives.

They, thus, help not only to describe the actual economic situation but to suggest policies that would most successfully and most efficiently bring about desired results and to predict the outcomes of such policies and other events.” Thus it is an phd thesis, elegant method of problem solving, according to Ackley. Essay # 5. Problems of Interrelation and Integration of Micro and Macroeconomics: This rough division between micro- and macroeconomics is not rigid, for the parts affect the whole and the whole affects the parts: Dependence of Microeconomic Theory on Macroeconomics: Take for instance when aggregate demand rises during a period of prosperity, the demand for individual products also rises. If this increase in demand is due to a reduction in the rate of interest, the demand for in leadership essays, different types of capital goods will go up. This will lead to an increase in the demand for the particular type of phd thesis uk labour needed for the capital goods industry. If the supply of such labour is essay on causes war 1, less elastic, its wage rate will rise. The rise in wage rate is made possible by increase in profits as a consequence of increased demand for capital goods.

Thus, a macroeconomic change brings about changes in the values of microeconomic variables—in the demand for phd thesis search, particular goods, in the wage rates of particular industries, in the profits of particular firms and industries, and in the employment position of different groups of workers. Similarly, the overall size of income, output, employment, costs, etc., in the economy affects the composition of individual incomes, outputs, employment and costs of individual firms and research paper motor company industries. To take another instance, when total output falls in phd thesis uk, a period of depression, the output of capital goods falls more than that of consumer goods. Profits, wages and employment decline more rapidly in capital goods industries than in the consumer goods industries. Dependence of Macroeconomics on Microeconomic Theory: On the other hand, macroeconomic theory is also dependent on microeconomic analysis. The total is made up of the parts. National income is the sum of the essays 2012, incomes of individuals, households, firms and industries. Total saving, total investment and total consumption are the result of the saving, investment and consumption decisions of individual industries, firms, households and persons. The general price level is the average of all prices of individual goods and services.

Similarly, the total output of the economy is the sum of the output of all the individual producing units. Thus, “the aggregates and averages that are studied in macroeconomics are nothing but aggregates and averages of the phd thesis search, individual quantities which are studied in microeconomics”. Let us take a few concrete examples of this macro dependence on microeconomics. If the economy concentrates all its resources in producing only agricultural commodities, the total output of the economy will decline because the other sectors of the economy will be neglected. The total level of output, income and employment in the economy also depends upon income distribution. If there is unequal distribution of income so that income is concentrated in the hands of a few rich, it will tend to reduce the demand for consumer goods. Profits, investment and output will decline, unemployment will spread and ultimately the in french, economy will be faced with depression.

Thus, both macro and micro approaches to economic problems are interrelated and interdependent. Non-interdependent between the Two: But despite these interrelations, there are many macroeconomic problems which are not applicable to individuals and many individual problems are not applicable to the economy as a whole. For example, there can be and usually is uk, a divergence between an individual’s income and his expenditure, but for the economy as a whole total income and total expenditure are always equal. An individual can invest without having saved, or save without investing, but for the economy saving and investment must be identical. When there is full employment in the economy, a firm can increase its output by attracting resources from the other firms in the industry, but the industry as a whole cannot augment its resources. In the case of illustrative essay on friendship one country, exports may exceed imports, or imports may exceed exports, but for the world as a whole, total exports and imports must balance. Integration of the uk, Two Approaches: In reality, a hard and fast line cannot be drawn between micro- and paper motor company macroeconomic analyses. A general theory of the economy should cover both.

It should explain prices, outputs, incomes, the behaviour of individuals, of individual firms and industries, and the aggregates of the individual variables. “Actually the line between macroeconomics and uk microeconomics cannot be precisely drawn. A truly “general” theory of the economy would clearly embrace both: it would explain individual behaviour, individual outputs, incomes and prices, and the sums or averages of the individual results would constitute the aggregates with which macroeconomics is concerned. Such a general theory exists, but its very generality leaves it with little substantive content. Rather to reach meaningful results we find that we must approach macroeconomic problems with microeconomic tools, and microeconomic problems with macroeconomic tools.” Thus the need is for a proper integration of the two approaches. Prof. Ackley suggests that microeconomic theory should provide the building blocks for our aggregate theories. But macroeconomics may also contribute to microeconomic understanding. If we discover, for example, empirically stable macroeconomic generalisations which appear inconsistent with microeconomic theories, or which relate to aspects of behaviour which microeconomics has neglected, macroeconomics may permit us to improve our understanding of individual behaviour. But in order to chicago booth essays, proceed in either direction we need to be aware of some rather technical problems of search uk aggregation which point out that “progress in macroeconomics depends on further progress in the microeconomic theory of women prices and distribution of income.”

Essay # 6. Meaning of Macroeconomics: Macroeconomics is the study of aggregates or averages covering the phd thesis search uk, entire economy, such as total employment, unemployment, national income, national output, total investment, total consumption, total savings, aggregate supply, aggregate demand, and general price level, wage level, interest rates and cost structure. In other words, it is aggregative economics which examines the interrelations among the various aggregates, their determination and causes of fluctuations in them. Thus in the words of Ackley: “Macroeconomics deals with economic affairs ‘in the large’, it concerns the short in french, overall dimensions of economic life. It looks at the total size and shape of the functioning of the ‘elephant’ of economic experience, rather than working of articulation or dimensions of the individual parts. Phd Thesis Search! It studies the character of the forest, independently of the trees which compose it.” Macroeconomics is also known as the theory of income and employment, or, simply income analysis. It is concerned with the problems of unemployment, economic fluctuations, inflation, deflation, instability, stagnation, international trade and short in french economic growth.

It is the study of the causes of unemployment, and the various determinants of employment. In the field of business cycles, it concerns itself with the effect of investment on total output, total income, and aggregate employment. In the monetary sphere, it studies the effect of the total quantity of money on the general price level. In international trade, the problems of balance of payments and foreign aid fall within the purview of macro-economic analysis. Above all, macroeconomic theory discusses the problems of phd thesis search determination of the total income of a country and causes of its fluctuations. On Causes! Finally, it studies the factors that retard growth and phd thesis those which bring the essay on causes of world war 1, economy on the path of economic development. Essay # 7. Scope and Importance of Macroeconomics: As a method of economic analysis macroeconomics is of much theoretical and practical importance. 1. To Understand the Working of the Economy:

The study of macroeconomic variables is indispensable for understanding the working of the economy. Our main economic problems are related to the behaviour of total income, output, employment and the general price level in the economy. These variables are statistically measurable, thereby facilitating the possibilities of analysing the effects on the functioning of the economy. As Tinbergen observes, macroeconomic concepts help in “making the elimination process understandable and transparent”. For instance, one may not agree on the best method of measuring different prices, but the general price level is helpful in understanding the nature of the phd thesis search uk, economy. Macroeconomics is extremely useful from the point of view of economic policy. Modern governments, especially of the underdeveloped economies, are confronted with innumerable national problems.

They are the problems of overpopulation, inflation, balance of payments, general underproduction, etc. The main responsibility of these governments rests in the regulation and control of overpopulation, general prices, general volume of trade, general outputs, etc. Limit Amcas! Tinbergen says: “Working with macroeconomic concepts is a bare necessity in search uk, order to contribute to the solutions of the great problems of our times.” No government can solve these problems in terms of individual behaviour. Let us analyse the use of macroeconomic study in the solution of certain complex economic problems. (a) In General Unemployment: The Keynesian theory of employment is an exercise in essay war 1, macroeconomics. Search Uk! The general level of employment in an economy depends upon effective demand which, in turn, depends on aggregate demand and aggregate supply functions. Unemployment is thus caused by deficiency of effective demand. In order to eliminate it, effective demand should be raised by increasing total investment, total output, total income and total consumption. Thus, macroeconomics has special significance in studying the causes, effects and remedies of general unemployment. The study of macroeconomics is very important for evaluating the overall performance of the economy in terms of national income.

With the advent of the Great Depression of the 1930s, it became necessary to analyse the personal statement word limit amcas, causes of general overproduction and general unemployment. This led to phd thesis search, the construction of the data on national income. National income data help in research paper, forecasting the level of economic activity and to understand the distribution of income among different groups of people in the economy. The economics of growth is also a study in macroeconomics. It is on the basis of macroeconomics that the resources and capabilities of an economy are evaluated. Search! Plans for the overall increase in statement word limit, national income, output and employment are framed and search uk implemented so as to research paper on ford company, raise the level of economic development of the economy as a whole.

It is in terms of macroeconomics that monetary problems can be analysed and understood properly. Frequent changes in phd thesis search, the value of money—inflation or deflation—affect the economy adversely. They can be counteracted by adopting monetary, fiscal and direct control measures for the economy. (e) In Business Cycles: Further, macroeconomics as an approach to economic problems started after the Great Depression. Thus its importance lies in analysing the causes of economic fluctuations and in providing remedies. 3. For Understanding the Behaviour of Individual Units:

Last but not the essay of world, least, for understanding the behaviour of individual units the study of macroeconomics is imperative. Demand for individual products depends upon aggregate demand in search uk, the economy. Unless the causes of deficiency in aggregate demand are analysed, it is not possible to short in french, understand fully the reason for uk, a fall in the demand of individual products. The reasons for increase in costs of a particular firm or industry cannot be analysed without knowing the average cost conditions of the whole economy. Essay! Thus, the study of individual units is not possible without macroeconomics. We may conclude that macroeconomics enriches our knowledge of the functioning of an economy by studying the behaviour of national income, output, investment, saving and consumption. It throws much light on solving the problems of unemployment, inflation, economic instability and economic growth. Further, it is more than a scientific method of analysis; it is search, also a body of empirical economic knowledge, as pointed out by Ackley.

Essay # 8. Limitations of Macroeconomics: There are, however, certain limitations of macroeconomic analysis. Women In Leadership Essays! Mostly, these stem from attempts to yield macroeconomic generalisations from individual experiences. In macroeconomic analysis the “fallacy of composition” is involved, i.e., aggregate economic behaviour is the sum total of individual activities. But what is true of individuals is phd thesis uk, not necessarily true of the economy as a whole. For instance, savings are a private virtue but a public vice.

If total savings in the economy increase, they may initiate a depression unless they are invested. Again, if an individual depositor withdraws his money from the essay, bank there is no danger; but if all depositors do this simultaneously, there will be a run on the banks and the banking system will be adversely affected. 2. To Regard Aggregates as Homogeneous: The main defect in macro analysis is that it regards the aggregates as homogeneous without caring about their internal composition and structure. The average wage in a country is the sum total of wages in all occupations, i.e., wages of clerks, typists, teachers, nurses, etc. But the volume of aggregate employment depends on the relative structure of wages rather than on the average wage. If, for instance, wages of nurses’ increase but of typists fall, the average may remain unchanged. But if the employment of nurses falls a little and of typists raises much, aggregate employment would increase. 3. Aggregate Variables may not be Important Necessarily: The aggregate variables which form the economic system may not be of phd thesis uk much significance. For instance, the national income of a country is the total of all individual incomes.

A rise in national income does not mean that individual incomes have risen. The increase in personal limit amcas, national income might be the result of the increase in the incomes of a few rich people in the country. Thus a rise in national income of this type has little significance from the point of view of the community. Boulding calls these three difficulties as “macroeconomic paradoxes” which are true when applied to a single individual but which are untrue when applied to the economic system as a whole. 4. Indiscriminate Use of phd thesis uk Macroeconomics Misleading: An indiscriminate and uncritical use of essay in french macroeconomics in analysing the problems of the real world can often be misleading.

For instance, if the search uk, policy measures needed to achieve and maintain full employment in paper on ford motor company, the economy are applied to phd thesis search, structural unemployment in individual firms and industries, they become irrelevant. Similarly, measures aimed at controlling general prices cannot be applied with much advantage for controlling prices of individual products. 5. Statistical and Conceptual Difficulties: The measurement of macroeconomic concepts involves a number of statistical and conceptual difficulties. These problems relate to the aggregation of microeconomic variables.

If individual units are almost similar, aggregation does not present much difficulty. But if microeconomic variables relate to similar individual units, their aggregation into statement limit amcas, one macroeconomic variable may be wrong and dangerous. Welcome to! Our mission is to phd thesis, provide an women, online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about Economics. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by phd thesis search, visitors like YOU. Before publishing your Articles on this site, please read the following pages:

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Chapter Summaries Happiest Refugee Essay Sample. Chapter 1: Introduction to Anh’s parent’s family, their struggles and background. “That’s not the way to treat a young lady.” (Anh’s father said) pg.3 “On their third meeting he buys her a lemonade and makes a young guy in the carriage stand up so that she can sit down.” (Father’s actions) pg.3 “This particular girl had been enrolled in search uk a convent until earlier that year. She was supposed to statement word be a nun by now, but the phd thesis search uk, communists had closed down all the catholic churches and convents.” ( Anh on his mother) pg.3 “My father grew up in extreme poverty. “ (Anh on in leadership essays his father) pg.6 “His mother gave birth to twelve children but four had died in childbirth or early infancy. Even with eight mouths to feed Grandma found it in uk her heart to adopt two more boys” (Anh on his Grandmother) pg. 6 “One sunny afternoon my father walked into the remote re-education camp dressed as a high-ranking communist officer. He marched right through the front door of the of world war 1, commanding officer’s room. ‘These two men need to come with me’ he demanded.” (Anh on his father) pg.8. -Escaping Vietnam and the journey at sea. -Preparing to escape from Vietnam.

-Meeting at the ‘Motherfish’ to not cause suspicion from communist patrol boats. -Description of conditions on the boat. -Attacked by pirates. -Second pirates attacking. -Germans saving them. ‘Soon the sky darkened further, turning a sinister, tumultuous black as the wind shrieked and skidded across the deck like a panicking ghost.’ Page 19 ‘We were an exposed pimple on the vast face on the ocean’ Page 27 ‘There was no escaping the heat or the people. There was no space to stretch out your legs and arms. Everywhere were sweating, salty bodies with brown, dirty faces peeling from sunburn and slowly darkening.’ Page 22 CHAPTER THREE. Giving to the less fortunate. The second day on the island, American helicopters flew over and dropped bags of food.

The drop contained a number of items, including lots of tins of phd thesis search corned beef—a practical and long lasting food .For the first few weeks,, our family on this canned meat and, to this day, it is my mums favourite food. Every second Christmas she still rolls it out and I curse those choppers for statement amcas, not dropping something taster. I mean, after bombing the hell out of Vietnam, the phd thesis, least they could’ve done was thrown us some lobster. One of the first things that happened was two smiley nuns from women in leadership St Vincent de Paul came and gave our family a huge garbage bag stuffed full of clothes. No charge, for free!

Now these wrinkly old white angels came and gave her the wardrobe of a western movie star. What a great country. You can do anything. Look after those less fortunate. I can distinctly remember my mind saying to me, pull away. He is phd thesis uk, enormous. Limit Amcas. But there was a loud voice in my head saying, I can do anything. I can beat this guy. What a great country. Always question your fear, Anh. There’s almost never a good reason to be scared.”

What is it about? Grandma living with Anh’s family. Going to St Aloysius and trying to phd thesis uk win the essays, scholarships(pg 65-66) Khoa and Anh both made it to phd thesis search the test rounds for on causes of world, the scholarship and ending up winning partial scholarships (pg 66-67) Any Issues? Anh’s family were poor as they mentioned they can’t avoid the phd thesis search uk, high school fees or a private school (pg 66) He almost lost his Australian Citizenship Certificate because his grandma threw it in the rubbish (pg 64-65) Time period in Anh’s life: School and Family. I guess when you’d been shot at by pirates and faced starvation on essay on france a leaky boat, these little things really do seem trivial. (pg 67 Anh referring to the scholarship) ‘Doesn’t matter’ I love how mum always said ‘doesn’t matter… (pg 66 Anh referring to the discussion about winning the scholarship with his mum) ‘Great, son! At least you know your sailing near the edge of your capacity!’ (pg 67 referring to uk whenever the dad talks about failure) ‘If you don’t have your identity papers they’ll kick you out of the country’ (pg 65 said by one of Anh’s uncles) The other motto was ‘Born for Greater Things’ (pg 65 referring to the school motto) The happiest refugee- Chapter 6. The period that this chapter focuses on:

-Anh’s family being scared of their father. – Losing the short in french, properties that they owned. – The family ‘fracturing’. Issues being addressed: -Violence (Uncle Three and Anh’s dad fighting, Anh’s dad getting drunk and hitting out at his family) -Grief (Anh’s father feels quite upset about losing the uk, trust of his brothers) -Guilt (Anh’s father feels quite guilty over losing his brother’s trust and short essay on france, is struggling to cope with memories of the deaths of two other brothers) -Fear (Anh and his family are scared of search their father due to his alcohol issue and becoming violent) Chapter seven: Highschool. “During the six years I spent at St AloysiusI never quite had the essay on causes of world, right fitting uniform” “In drama all of a sudden you could stride into a battle. scene wearing a helmet and vest, reciting heroic lines that save the kingdom.

Instantly your worries would fade away.” Pg. 77 “Mrs Borny not only taught us drama, but also how to phd thesis search write it, creating stories from research paper motor scratch. One day she said to uk me, Anh you’re a very talented storyteller.” Pg. 78 “In fact, I was at the other end of the spectrum: a quiet kid who was studious and essay on friendship, focussed on phd thesis search my work” (Anh Do in response to the question “Were you the class clown?”) pg. 76 “For a week I had the same chips as everybody else at school instead of the no frills variety I used to eat really fast so I could quickly dispose of the black and chicago 2012, white bag, I sauntered out at recess with my big packet of branded chips and ate them proudly in front of the other boys, offering them to friends like I was all cashed up. For a week I was normal.” Pg.81 “I always had to be thinking about how to plan the day, when to meet up with him, how to phd thesis search uk make sure the other boys didn’t catch on. This concern totally took over my life; it was all-encompassing and women essays, supremely annoying.” Pg. 83 “What surprised me and even shocked me was not Mom’s willingness to phd thesis search uk work but that I, instead of research on ford motor willing her to rest, was secretly hoping she would go on, keep sewing, even at search, the risk of her becoming seriously ill. The fear of having no money was so merciless and statement word limit amcas, overwhelming.” Pg. 84 “I looked up and there were three guys laying into another guy who was sitting alone.

After hearing about all my dad’s heroics, I had always imagined in a situation like that I would not hesitate to jump in uk and do the illustrative essay, right thing.” Pg 93 “I’m pleases to say I never once suffered any racism at school from my mates or fellow students. My only experience of something odd in relation to my nationality came from one of my teachers.” Pg. Phd Thesis. 104 “You’re not joining the army’ she said. ‘What? Didn’t you hear me? Fifteen thousand dollars!’

“I hated being on the receiving end of sympathy. In Leadership Essays. I remember all through high school being determined to prove that I could survive without any outside help.” Pg. Phd Thesis Search Uk. 109 “I remember on more than one occasion saying to myself, I’m so sick of this. As soon as I’m old enough I’m going to earn loads of money and buy Mum the freakin’ biggest house in the suburb” pg.109 “I really had one option: become a lawyer.” Pg.110. ‘But it didn’t matter. She still had no desire to date this Vietnamese , football- playing palm reader’ This quote explains how.

Doesn’t want to study law anymore. ‘if you got high marks in on friendship school then law is what you did – like an search uk, unspoken expectation or rule’ Decides to study art ‘However Anh skipped law classes to go to statement word limit amcas art classes’ “Most guys turn to phd thesis search their male friends for advice about women; my go-to guy was a girl – Suzie.” Starts business with friend to support his family. ‘The bus going into on ford motor company the back of his car paid for a new computer’ “Four grand Anh, let a bus run you over once a week. We’ll be rich!” Had financial issues. Tries to blend in humour. What is it about?

Anh getting a part in uk a tv shows called, Don’t Blame Me and All Saints (pg 189- 190) He volunteered to give street youths a second chance, through the “Open Family” charity. Anh’s encounters with outsiders are further enhanced with his visit Westmead Children’s Hospital (pg 199-200) Khoa winning Australian of the research on ford motor company, year (pg 194) Made movies called the Finished People and Footy Legends. Appearing on thank god you’re here (pg 197-198). Appearing on Dancing with the stars (pg 198-202)

Appearing on Deal or No Deal and winning $200000 (pg 206-209) Going to Beijing for the 2008 Olympics (pg 209-2012) Appearing on Top Gear (pg 213) Getting cramps while working with Bob the phd thesis search, turtle (pg 197-198) Time period in Anh’s life: Career and Suzie. Theme: Volunteering and research paper, film. ‘I know you just want to do good things for people, if you win you can do more good things for people’ (pg 193 referring to Anh nominating his brother, Khoa for Australian of the year) I sat in my car and felt overwhelmed by a deep and profound sense of phd thesis search gratitude for my life and for my mother. (pg 200 referring to short essay on france in french when Anh goes to phd thesis uk hospital and meets the young boy named Adam with a rare disease that damaged his spinal and personal word limit amcas, paralysing him from the neck down) I just realised how lucky I am (pg 201 referring to his visit to the hospital) I am truly the phd thesis uk, luckiest guy in the world. (pg 215 Anh referring to how much he adores Suzie) The Happiest Refugee – Chapter 12. The period in Anh’s history that the on causes, chapter focuses on: His career – appearing on search uk many television shows. Visiting his homeland (Vietnam) Going to see his father often. Issues being addressed:

Anh has been to research on ford company Vietnam three times – he also describes the smell, noise, people and traffic He talks about how his mum always wanted to show her children their homeland but didn’t have the money for it Australia is phd thesis uk, very different from Vietnam because they don’t need to worry about anything They are on a tour and motor company, the mini bus can’t get across because it is uk, flooded – so Anh decides to use his brain and paper on ford motor, think of a way they can get across (the mini bus was being towed by a truck) Anh’s mum tells a lady that “Anh is good at phd thesis search, these things, just like his father” – Vietnam was affecting her life Anh’s mum has the opportunity to go on essays 2012 stage to cook and get paid four grand in Adelaide Uncle two has left to live with his sister and mother – he felt lonely and can’t take care of himself anymore Joe (Uncle’s Two eldest son and Anh’s close cousin) gets married, Anh’s dad does the speech as it is customary in Vietnamese weddings Anh’s dad says that Anh’s mother is the most beautiful woman in the world and that he still loves her Khoa and Tram finally go to uk see their dad and it takes them a while to get used to the idea Dad’s tumour is now ‘clean’ from treatment. Anh named his third son Lee and in leadership, told his dad that he named his son after him Mum finds out that Anh has been seeing his dad and search, tells Anh to not tell her about it Anh thanks his parents for providing their children and grandson a better life in Australia Anh is essays, happy and gives many thanks. ‘She had sweated and phd thesis search, struggled and worked for on ford motor company, herself to phd thesis the bone to get her children through those long, difficult years and now, for the first time, we were doing something she had dreamed about, something that her imagination had put on hold for years.’ ‘Vietnam is an assault on the senses’ ‘Being reacquainted with the country of her birth gave her a fresh perspective on what she has created for herself, and on friendship, us.’ ‘You know, we’ve got nothing to worry about in phd thesis search uk Australia. Nothing to worry about at all’. ‘This is very close to short essay where we left Vietnam on search uk our boat’ ‘Yes, he is illustrative essay, very good at these things, just like his father’. ‘How’s your mother’? ‘She’s the most beautiful woman in the world.

You know I still love her’ ‘Hey Khoa, you know how you’re the Young Australian of the search uk, Year now, you should go see the old man, take your trophy and tell him he can stick it up his arse­- cos you’ve done so well without him. Show him how irrelevant he was.’ Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Chapter Summaries Happiest Refugee. essay editing for booth 2012, only $13.9 per page. Top grades and phd thesis uk, quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Chapter Summaries Happiest Refugee. Texts often aim at exploring social issues, and encourage readers to respond to them in in leadership different ways by search, positioning them to agree with the ideas of the in leadership essays, text. The biographical… Zinn Chapter summaries.

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